Helsingin yliopisto - Helsingfors universitet - University of Helsinki ID 2009-189
Tiedekunta-Fakultet-Faculty
Faculty of Social Sciences
Laitos-Institution-Department
Department of Political Science
Tekijä-Författare-Author
Morgan, Thomas
Työn nimi-Arbetets titel-Title
A constructivist analysis of the U.S. Rogue State policy in towards Iran
Oppiaine-Läroämne-Subject
World Politics
Työn laji-Arbetets art-Level
Master's thesis
Aika-Datum-Month and year
2009-05-11
Sivumäärä-Sidantal- Number of pages
67 s.
Tiivistelmä-Referat-Abstract
The United States of America and the Islamic Republic of Iran have been locked in a war of words, exchanging insults and threats since the Islamic Revolution of 1979 and the ensuing hostage crisis in the American embassy in Tehran. Iran, along with North Korea, is currently one of the two states singled out as "rogue states" by the US government. This thesis deals with the relations between the United States of America and Iran between 1953 and 2009. It probes the deep history of friendship and enmity between the two states and analyses them using Constructivist theory, based on the writings of Alexander Wendt, notably his article "Anarchy Is What States Make Of It" and his book "Social Theory of International Politics". What results is an explanation of why the United States has regarded the Islamic Republic of Iran as a a "rogue state". Its findings show that what can be obtained from a theoretical analysis differ markedly from what can be showed from an empirical analysis of the situation. Whereas the situation, on the surface seems to be of a simple battle for supremacy in the Middle East between two states competing for hegemony, a Wendtian analysis shows that the interaction between states since 1953 is responsible for the creation of a conception of identity and interest between the states which cannot be seen from a pure empirical overview. The conclusion explains the fractious relationship between the two states over the last thirty years through this Wendtian analytical framework and shows that the future of this relationship depends on interaction between the two states - not from a simple exchange of good deeds and favours which seemed to foster good relations during the reign of Shah Mohammed Reza Pahlavi, but rather in the longer term as the two nations learn to trust each other through a long process of interaction which should, eventually, lead to them both developing a new conception of "self" and "other", essential components of the at times close and at times very distant relations between them over the last 56 years.
Avainsanat-Nyckelord-Keywords
Iran United States rogue state constructivism islam kansainväliset suhteet - Yhdysvallat - Iran kansainvälinen politiikka - Yhdysvallat ulkopolitiikka - Yhdysvallat
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