Helsingin yliopisto - Helsingfors universitet - University of Helsinki ID 2009-290
Tiedekunta-Fakultet-Faculty
Faculty of Social Sciences
Laitos-Institution-Department
Department of Communication
Tekijä-Författare-Author
Soininen, Jenny
Työn nimi-Arbetets titel-Title
Tabloidization of International News: A content analysis of news coverage in the Globe and Mail and Toronto Star
Oppiaine-Läroämne-Subject
Communication
Työn laji-Arbetets art-Level
Master's thesis
Aika-Datum-Month and year
2009-10-02
Sivumäärä-Sidantal- Number of pages
88 s.
Tiivistelmä-Referat-Abstract
There have been many discussions about a recent trend of tabloidization of news which has seen a shift from traditional news stories about politics and foreign affairs, to more entertainment-oriented stories about celebrities and scandals. What’s more is that numerous studies have examined the parallel decline of international news. Some of the key previous studies reviewed include: Foreign News in the Media: International reporting in 29 countries by UNESCO, 1985; Tabloidization of News: A Comparative Analysis of Anglo-American and German Press Journalism by Esser, 1999; Tabloidization in the British Press: A Quantitative Investigation into Changes in British Newspapers, 1952–1997 by McLachlan & Golding, 2000; and Trends in Canadian Newspaper Coverage of International News, 1988-2000: Editors' Assessments by Soderlund, Lee & Gecelovsky, 2002. Using the conceptual lens of tabloidization, this study examines changes in traditionally ‘serious’ international newspaper content over time. Specifically, this study analyzes how international news coverage in the General and Business sections of two Canadian daily newspapers – the Globe and Mail and Toronto Star – has changed over a period of three decades – 1986, 1996 and 2006. An examination into some of the key causes of tabloidization such as commercialized media, new technologies and concentration of ownership help to better understand the results. Quantitative content analysis is used to determine the amount and types of international news items being covered throughout the selected dates to see if there is a decline of ‘serious’ international news and an increase in tabloidization of international news. The analysis is based on seven aspects indicating a process of tabloidization. The seven indicators are: ‘Fewer international news stories’; ‘More pictures/less text’; ‘More entertainment stories’; ‘Fewer political/parliament news stories’; ‘Fewer front page international news items’; ‘More focus on the United States’; and ‘More newswire services being bylined.’ The main dependant variable of this study is ‘international news coverage’ and is defined as news items centered on places outside of Canada, news involving Canadians abroad, or news involving foreigners in Canada. International news coverage is identified by dateline and text within each newspaper item. Coverage from the United States is paid particular attention given the abundant amount of American media crossing north to Canada. The findings demonstrate a process of tabloidization occurring over time according to many of the indicators measured, such as fewer international news items throughout the sampled sections and front pages, more visuals, more entertainment stories, and fewer political stories. Another key finding is the increased emphasis on news from the United States, particularly on financial and economic news.
Avainsanat-Nyckelord-Keywords
Canada Globe and Mail international news quantitative content analysis tabloidization Toronto Star
Säilytyspaikka-Förvaringsställe-Where deposited
Muita tietoja-Övriga uppgifter-Additional information