Browsing by Subject "markkinat"

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Now showing items 21-26 of 26
  • Skolnik, Amy (1988)
    Bank of Finland Research Discussion Papers 19/1988
    In 1985, the EC Commission set about creating an internal market which would allow for the free flow of goods, services, labor, and cap; tal between all member states. Si nce then, concrete progress in opening markets and removing barriers has been made in the areas of financial services, procurement methods, transportation, and standards. However, there are a few fundamental obstacles that will prevent the EC from attaining its final g~als. These include the issues of taxation, open borders, lack of a single monetary system, and above all, national interest. Member states greatly fear the 10ss of their independent policy-making power. In contrast to the UoS., with its vast single market, the EC nations have many cultures, languages, and customs; something that is not likely to change. It is these factors that will ultimately prevent full cooperation and complete integration within the European Community. This paper analyzes the main areas of progress as well as the major problems of the Internal Market and focuses on the proposal that the Internal Market will create an 'United Economic Unit' comparable to that of the United States.
  • Bank of Finland (2016)
    Bank of Finland. Bulletin 4/2016
    At the end of June, 17.4 million people voted for the United Kingdom to leave the EU. Share prices plummeted, the value of the pound crashed and the country was plunged into high political turmoil. The faster-than-expected appointment of a new prime minister helped to dampen political uncertainty, and market reaction quickly subsided. The effects on the real economy will be evident only later. Three months after the referendum, the UK has still not notified the European Council of its intention to leave and is still an official EU member state.
  • Mäki-Fränti, Petri; Vanhala, Juuso (2022)
    Bank of Finland. Bulletin 2/2022
    The war in Ukraine is affecting industrial sectors and individual companies across Finland, though in an uneven manner. The results of a business survey show that the majority of companies believe they can replace relatively quickly the lost volume of exports to Russia with new markets. Some companies, however, stated that they will be unable to replace any of the lost volume of exports. Manufacturing industries, in particular, are suffering from supply chain problems and rising costs. Companies estimate that they will be able to compensate for the impact of higher costs on profitability by, for example, raising their sales prices. As a consequence of the war, companies’ investments, too, will remain slightly below the level planned.
  • Solanko, Laura (2019)
    Euro & talous. Blogi
    Kulunut vuosikymmen on ollut Venäjän taloudessa vaihtelevan, mutta keskimäärin huomattavan hitaan kasvun aikaa. Vuosina 2016 –2018 Venäjän bruttokansantuotteella mitattu talous kasvoi keskimäärin 1,4 % vuosittain. Samalla ajanjaksolla maailmantalouden vuosikasvu oli keskimäärin 3,6 %, ja EU-maidenkin talouskasvu noin 2,3 prosenttia vuosittain.
  • Tekoniemi, Merja (2007)
    Bofit. Focus/Opinion. Asiantuntijan näkemys 1/2007
  • Laine, Olli-Matti (2018)
    Euro & talous. Blogi
    Yhdysvalloissa sekä monissa muissa kehittyneissä maissa havaittu yritysten markkinavoiman trendinomainen nousu on puhuttanut ekonomisteja viime vuosina paljon. Ilmiöstä keskusteltiin hiljattain esimerkiksi keskuspankkiirien tunnetussa kokouksessa Jackson Holessa. Suomessa tapahtumasta uutisoi ainakin Helsingin Sanomat.