Browsing by Subject "P22"

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  • Gluschenko, Konstantin (2006)
    BOFIT Discussion Papers 9/2006
    Lacking data on price levels across locations (countries, national regions, etc.) for crossspace comparisons, researchers resort to local consumer price indexes (CPIs) over time to evaluate these levels.This approach unfortunately fails to specify, even generally, the exactness of such proxies.Worse, the method is silent on whether the results are consistent, at least qualitatively, with those obtained using actual price levels.This paper aims to find an answer empirically, using data across Russian regions.Through comparison of CPIproxied price levels with direct evaluations of regional price levels (i.e.Surinov spatial price indexes and the costs of a purchasing power basket), biases that distort the qualitative pattern of inter-regional differences are identified.Cross-region distributions for real income (calculated with CPI-proxied and directly evaluated price levels) for several points in time are estimated and compared.The CPI-induced biases are found to generally overstate inter-regional disparities. JEL Classification: C43, E31, P22, R19 Keywords: consumer price index, spatial price index, real income, nonhomothetic preferences, Russia, Russian regions
  • Korhonen, Iikka; Mehrotra, Aaron (2007)
    BOFIT Discussion Papers 14/2007
    Published in Emerging Markets Finance and Trade 46. (2), 2010, 5-19
    Estimating money demand functions for Russia following the 1998 crisis, we find a stable money demand relationship when augmented by a deterministic trend signifying falling velocity. As predicted by theory, higher income boosts demand for real rouble balances and the income elasticity of money is close to unity. Inflation affects the adjustment towards equilibrium, while broad money shocks lead to higher inflation. We also show that exchange rate fluctuations have a considerable influence on Russian money demand. The results indicate that Russian monetary authorities have been correct in using the money stock as an information variable and that the strong influence of exchange rate on money demand is likely to continue despite de-dollarisation of the Russian economy.
  • Gluschenko, Konstantin (2006)
    BOFIT Discussion Papers 7/2006
    Published in Regional Science and Urban Economics, 41 (2), pp. 160-172 (2011) as "Price convergence and market integration in Russia"
    This paper analyzes the spatial structure of goods market integration in Russia, characterizing regions into three states: (a) integrated, (b) not integrated but trending toward integration, and (c) not integrated and not trending toward integration.Using time series of the cost of a staples basket across 75 regions of Russia for 1994-2000, I exploit a nonlinear cointegration relationship with an asymptotically subsiding trend to capture movement toward integration.The analysis suggests that 36% of Russian regions were integrated with the national market over 1994-2000, 44% were in the process of integrating with the national market, and 20% of regions were not integrated and not trending toward integration. JEL classification: C32, P22, R10, R15 Keywords: market integration, law of one price, price dispersion, convergence, Russian regions.