Browsing by Author "Godlewski, Christophe J."

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  • Fungáčová, Zuzana; Godlewski, Christophe J.; Weill, Laurent (2009)
    BOFIT Discussion Papers 7/2009
    Published in Eastern European Economics Vol. 49, no. 1, Jan.-Feb. 2011, pp. 13-30.
    This paper considers whether local bank participation exerts an impact on the spreads for syndicated loans in Russia. Following Berger, Klapper and Udell (2001), we test whether local banks possess a superior ability to deal with information asymmetries. Using a sample of 528 syndicated loans to Russian borrowers, we perform regressions of the spread on a set of variables including information on local bank participation and the characteristics of loans and borrowers. Unlike earlier studies, we distinguish foreign banks with a local presence from those without such presence. The intuition here is that a local presence may influence a foreign bank's monitoring ability and access to information about borrowers. We observe no significant impact on the spread when there is local bank participa-tion in a syndicated loan, nor do we find any significant influence of the presence of domestic-owned banks or foreign-owned banks on the spread. Additional estimations considering subsamples with exacerbated information asymmetries provide similar results. Therefore our conclusion is that local banks do not benefit from an advantage in monitoring ability and in information in Russia. JEL Codes : G21, P34. Keywords : Bank, Information asymmetry, Loan, Syndication, Russia
  • Hainz, Christa; Weill, Laurent; Godlewski, Christophe J. (2008)
    Bank of Finland Research Discussion Papers 27/2008
    Published in Journal of Financial Services Research, Volume 44, Issue 2, October 2013: 131-148
    We investigate the impact of bank competition on the use of collateral in loan contracts. We develop a theoretical model incorporating information asymmetries in a spatial competition framework where banks choose between screening the borrower and asking for collateral. We show that presence of collateral is more likely when bank competition is low. We then test this prediction empirically on a sample of bank loans from 70 countries. We estimate logit models where the presence of collateral is regressed on bank competition, measured by the Lerner index. Our empirical tests corroborate the theoretical predictions that bank competition reduces the use of collateral. These findings survive several robustness checks.
  • Godlewski, Christophe J.; Turk-Ariss, Rima; Weill, Laurent (2011)
    BOFIT Discussion Papers 6/2011
    Published in Journal of Comparative Economics, Volume 41, Issue 3, Pages 745-761, August 2013
    The last decade witnessed a proliferation in issues of sukuk, Islamic financial instruments structured to replicate the cash flows of conventional bonds. Using a market-based approach on Malaysian data, we consider whether investors react differently to the announcements of sukuk and conventional bond issues. Our findings suggest the stock market is neutral to announcements of conventional bond issues, but reacts negatively to announcements of sukuk issues. We attribute this finding to the excess demand for Islamic investment certificates and explain the difference in stock market reactions as an adverse selection mechanism that favors sukuk issuance by lower-quality debtor companies. Unlike previous studies, our findings indicate markets readily distinguish between sukuk and conventional bonds.
  • Godlewski, Christophe J.; Turk-Ariss, Rima; Weill, Laurent (2014)
    BOFIT Discussion Papers 21/2014
    Published in Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, Volume 132, December 2016: 63-76
    ​Sukuk, the shari’a-compliant alternative mode of financing to conventional bonds, have considerably expanded over the last decade. We analyze the stock market reaction to two key features of this instrument: sukuk type and characteristics of the shari’a scholar certifying the issue. We use the event study methodology to measure abnormal returns for a sample of 131 sukuk from eight countries over the period 2006-2013 and find that Ijara sukuk structures exert a positive influence on the stock price of the issuing firm. We observe a similar positive impact from shari’a scholar reputation and proximity to issuer. Overall our results support the hypotheses that the type of sukuk and the choice of scholars hired to certify these securities matter for the market valuation of the issuing company. Publication keywords: financial instruments, Islamic finance, shari’a scholars
  • Fungáčová, Zuzana; Godlewski, Christophe J.; Weill, Laurent (2020)
    Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance February
    We study the effect of syndicated loan and bond announcements on the stock price of borrowers. No work since James (1987) on US data has compared the impact of both types of announcements on the same sample. Applying an event study methodology on a sample of companies from 17 Western European countries, we find that debt announcements tend to generate a positive stock market reaction. Our main conclusion is that loan issuance exerts a significantly stronger reaction than a bond issuance. This finding supports the hypothesis that loan issuance has a positive certification effect. The analysis of determinants of abnormal returns following debt announcements shows a positive impact for financial development and a negative effect for the Eurozone crisis.
  • Fungáčová, Zuzana; Godlewski, Christophe J.; Weill, Laurent (2015)
    Bank of Finland Research Discussion Papers 19/2015
    Published online in Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, April 2019
    We study the effect of bank loan and bond announcements on borrower’s stock price. We apply an event study methodology on a sample of companies from 17 European countries and find that debt announcement generates a positive stock market reaction. However, our main conclusion is that the issuance of a loan exerts a significantly stronger reaction than does the issuance of a bond. This finding supports the hypothesis that loan issuance has a positive certification effect. The analysis of determinants of abnormal returns following debt announcements shows a positive impact of financial development and a negative effect of the Eurozone crisis.
  • Pessarossi, Pierre; Godlewski, Christophe J.; Weill, Laurent (2010)
    BOFIT Discussion Papers 20/2010
    Published in Journal of Asian Economics, Volume 23, Issue 4, August 2012, Pages 423-433
    This paper considers whether information asymmetries affect the willingness of foreign banks to participate in syndicated loans to corporate borrowers in China. In line with theoretical literature, ownership concentration of the borrowing firm is assumed to influence information asymmetries in the relationship between the borrower and the lender. We analyze how ownership concentration influences the participation of foreign banks in a loan syndicate using a sample of syndicated loans granted to Chinese borrowers in the period 2004-2009 for which we have information on ownership concentration. We observe that greater ownership concentration of the borrowing firm does not positively influence participation of foreign banks in the loan syndicate. Additional estimations using alternative specifications provide similar results. As foreign banks do not react positively to ownership concentration, we conclude that information asymmetries are not exacerbated for foreign banks relative to local banks in China. Moreover, it appears that increased financial leverage discourages foreign bank participation, suggesting that domestic banks are less cautious in their risk management.
  • Godlewski, Christophe J.; Fungáčová, Zuzana; Weill, Laurent (2010)
    BOFIT Discussion Papers 16/2010
    Published in Comparative Economic Studies, 2011, 53, (679-693)
    This paper investigates stock market reaction to debt arrangements in Russia. The analysis of the valuation of debt arrangements by stock markets provides information about the use of debt by Russian companies. We apply the event study methodology to check whether debt announcements lead to abnormal returns using a sample of Russian listed companies that issued syndicated loans or bonds between June 2004 and December 2008. We find a negative reaction of stock markets to debt arrangements that can be explained by moral hazard behavior of shareholders at the expense of debtholders. Further, we observe no significant difference between announcements of syndicated loans and bonds. Thus, our findings support the view that Russian companies could have incentives to limit their reliance on external debt. Keywords: corporate bonds, event study, Russia, stock returns, syndicated loans. JEL Classification: G14, G20, P30.