Browsing by Author "Granlund, Peik"

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  • Granlund, Peik (2002)
    Suomen Pankin keskustelualoitteita 25/2002
    This paper analyses bank exit (ie reorganisation and liquidation) legislation in selected financial centres: New York, London, Frankfurt, Helsinki and Tokyo.The focus is on bank exit legislation applicable to commercial banks.The legislation is analysed from the perspective of bank stakeholders, ie bank creditors, depositors and bank shareholders.The analysis is restricted to those legislative provisions that provide security and rights for stakeholders in case of bank exit.In addition to current conditions, the paper covers the main legislative changes of the latter part of the 1990s. Key words: bank, regulation, supervision, reorganisation, liquidation JEL classification numbers: G28, K23
  • Granlund, Peik (2003)
    Suomen Pankin keskustelualoitteita 5/2003
    This paper evaluates bank exit regimes in selected financial centres using econometric methods.The focus is on bank exit regimes applicable to commercial banks in New York, London, Frankfurt, Helsinki and Tokyo in 1998-2002.Bank exit regimes are studied from the perspective of bank creditors and bank shareholders.In order to apply econometric methods, the exit regimes are indexed and then evaluated by comparing them with market indicators that reflect the interests of bank creditors and shareholders.These market indicators comprise bank refinancing costs and bank growth rates.In other words, two specific questions are addressed: (1) Do differences in bank exit regimes of significance to bank creditors explain differences in bank refinancing costs?(2) Do differences in bank exit regimes significant to bank shareholders explain differences in bank growth?The study shows that in those financial centres where the probability of bailout is higher, refinancing costs for banks are lower.
  • Granlund, Peik; Mattinen, Olli; Suihko, Jaana; Toivanen, Mervi; Uusi-Äijö, Harriet; Asplund, Tuulia; Björklund, Nina; Kauko, Karlo; Koskinen, Kimmo; Miettinen, Paavo; Putkuri, Hanna; Savolainen, Eero; Strandman, Ville; Tölö, Eero; Vauhkonen, Jukka (2016)
    Suomen Pankin ja Finanssivalvonnan makrovakausraportti 1/2016
    Esipuhe 4 1 Yhteenveto 7 2 Kokonaisluotonantoon liittyvät vakausuhkat 9 3 Asuntoluotonantoon liittyvät vakausuhkat 15 4 Suomalaisten luottolaitosten vakavaraisuus 20 5 Rahoitusjärjestelmän kannalta merkittävät luottolaitokset (O-SII) ja niiden lisäpääomavaatimukset 22 Liiteartikkeli 1: Ulkoiset arviot Suomen riskeistä ja makrovakaustoimenpiteiden riittävyydestä 28 Liiteartikkeli 2: Pohjois- ja Baltian maissa tehdyt asuntoluotonantoon ja –markkinoihin vaikuttavat makrovakaustoimenpiteet 30 Taulukkoliite 34
  • Alhonsuo, Sampo; Granlund, Peik; Kiviniemi, Arttu; Mattinen, Olli; Taskinen, Sinikka; Björklund, Nina; Kauko, Karlo; Koskinen, Kimmo; Miettinen, Paavo; Putkuri, Hanna; Topi, Jukka; Tölö, Eero; Vauhkonen, Jukka (2018)
    Suomen Pankin ja Finanssivalvonnan makrovakausraportti 1/2018
    1 Esipuhe..5 2 Yhteenveto..8 3 Suhdannesidonnaiset vakausuhkat..10 3.1 Kokonaisluoton liittyvät vakausuhkat..10 3.2 Asuntoluotonantoon liittyvät vakausuhkat..14 4 Suomen pankkisektorin vakavaraisuus..20 Liiteartikkeli 1. Maailmanlaajuisen rahoitusjärjestelmän kannalta (G-SII/B) ja muut rahoitusjärjestelmän kannalta merkittävät luottolaitokset (O-SII) ja näiden lisäpääomavaatimukset vuonna 2018..23 Liiteartikkeli 2. Suomalaisille luottolaitoksille uusi pääomavaatimus..29
  • Granlund, Peik (2008)
    Bank of Finland Research Discussion Papers 1/2008
    Published in Journal of Banking Regulation, 11, December 2009: 6-30
    In financial market studies, public supervision has rarely been found to have any effects on financial market development. This is true, even though the primary objective of supervisory legislation is the limitation of market failures and externalities. Studies conducted by eg the World Bank and La Porta & al imply that whereas private enforcement contributes to financial market development, there is limited evidence that public supervision does the same. The objective of the paper is to empirically investigate the relation between public supervision and financial market development. This is done by focusing on major legislative features directing the supervisor and hence affecting market participant activities. The markets investigated comprise banks, investment firms, investment fund companies and listed companies in the United States, United Kingdom, Sweden, Finland, Poland and Estonia for the years 1996 to 2005. The results suggest that certain features of public supervision correlate with financial market development. Strong legal obligations for the supervisor to develop legislation correlate significantly with higher company market values. Emphasizing economic aspects in the formulation of supervisory objectives corresponds with higher market profitability. Furthermore, severe monetary sanctions applicable to company directors correlate negatively with market growth. Unexpectedly, the same is true for a high degree of supervisory independence. The results imply links between public supervision and financial market development in a manner not always in line with previous research. Why this is the case, requires further investigation. One possible explanation may be methodological, based on the fact that in the present study legislative features are perceived in a conceptual rather than a technical manner. Keywords: financial institution, regulation, supervision, utility JEL classification numbers: G28, K23, O16