Browsing by Subject "Malesia"

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  • Fang, Ying; Huang, Shicheng; Niu, Linlin (2012)
    BOFIT Discussion Papers 2/2012
    We employ Bayesian method to estimate a time-varying coefficient version of the de facto currency basket model of Frankel and Wei (2007) for the RMB of China, using daily data from February 2005 to July 2011. We estimate jointly the implicit time-varying weights of all 11 currencies in the reference basket announced by the Chinese government. We find the dollar weight has been reduced and sometimes significantly smaller than one, but there is no evidence of systematic operation of a currency basket with discernable pattern of significant weights on other currencies. During specific periods, the reduced dollar weight has not been switched to other major international currencies, but to some East Asian currencies, which is hard to explain by trade importance to or trade competition with China. We examine currency baskets of these East Asian Economies, including major international currencies and the RMB in their baskets. We find an evident tendency of Malaysia and Singapore to increase the weights of RMB in their own currency baskets, and a steadily and significantly positive weight of RMB in the basket of Thailand. These evidences suggest that, the positive weights of some East Asian currencies in RMB currency basket during specific periods largely reflect the fact that these East Asia economies have been systematically placing greater weights on RMB under the new regime of RMB exchange rate. Keywords: RMB currency basket, time-varying regressions, East Asia, China, US JEL Classification: F31, F41, C11
  • Godlewski, Christophe J.; Turk-Ariss, Rima; Weill, Laurent (2011)
    BOFIT Discussion Papers 6/2011
    Published in Journal of Comparative Economics, Volume 41, Issue 3, Pages 745-761, August 2013
    The last decade witnessed a proliferation in issues of sukuk, Islamic financial instruments structured to replicate the cash flows of conventional bonds. Using a market-based approach on Malaysian data, we consider whether investors react differently to the announcements of sukuk and conventional bond issues. Our findings suggest the stock market is neutral to announcements of conventional bond issues, but reacts negatively to announcements of sukuk issues. We attribute this finding to the excess demand for Islamic investment certificates and explain the difference in stock market reactions as an adverse selection mechanism that favors sukuk issuance by lower-quality debtor companies. Unlike previous studies, our findings indicate markets readily distinguish between sukuk and conventional bonds.
  • Xing, Yuqing (2006)
    BOFIT Discussion Papers 15/2006
    This paper examines the FDI-exchange rate nexus in the context of one FDI source and two host countries.It focuses on the effect of exchange rates on relative FDI inflows between the two host countries.The theoretical analysis shows explicitly that relative FDI inflows are a function of relative real exchange rates.In particular, if one host country devalues its currency against that of the source country more than the other does, FDI into the former country will be expected to increase relative to the other country. The theoretical inference is examined with Japanese FDI in manufacturing industries of China and ASEAN-4 (Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines and Thailand).The empirical results generally support the theoretical conclusion, suggesting that the real devaluation of the Chinese Yuan undercut FDI into the ASEAN-4. Keywords: FDI, Exchange rate, China, ASEAN-4 JEL classification: F14, F23, F31
  • Mehrotra, Aaron (2013)
    BOFIT Discussion Papers 1/2013
    We document recent developments in the use of sterilisation bonds by six central banks in emerging Asia, and discuss the implications for monetary policy and the financial sector. An important development in the sterilisation of foreign exchange interventions in past years has been the frequent use of central banks' own paper. There has been an attempt to lengthen the maturity structure of sterilisation bills, and maturities have risen, especially in 2010-11. The choice of sterilisation instrument is likely to depend partly on their relative costs. In particular, as the yield on central bank securities has fallen relative to the rate of remuneration of required reserves, some central banks in Asia have increasingly used central bank securities for sterilisation. Keywords: sterilisation bond, central bank bonds and bills, foreign exchange reserves, emerging Asia JEL classification: E43, E50, E52, E58