Browsing by Author "Marton, Katherin"

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  • Fang, Yiwei; Hasan, Iftekhar; Marton, Katherin (2011)
    Bank of Finland Research Discussion Papers 5/2011
    Published in Economics of Transition, Volume 19, Issue 3, July 2011: 495-520
    This study examines the cost and profit efficiency of banking sectors in six transition countries of South-Eastern Europe over the period 1998 2008. Using the stochastic frontier approach, our analysis reveals that the average cost efficiency of SEE banks is 68.59% and the average profit efficiency is 53.87%. The second-stage regressions on the determinants of bank efficiency further show that foreign banks are associated with higher profit efficiency but moderately lower cost efficiency. Government banks are associated with lower profit efficiency. The efficiency gap between foreign banks, domestic private banks and government banks, however, has narrowed over time. We also find that the degree of individual banks competitiveness has a positive association with both cost and profit efficiency. Finally, institutional development, proxied by progress in banking reforms, privatization and corporate governance restructuring, also has a positive impact on bank efficiency.
  • Hasan, Iftekhar; Marton, Katherin (2000)
    BOFIT Discussion Papers 7/2000
    Published in Journal of Banking & Finance vol 27, no 12 (2003), pp. 2249-2271
    The paper analyzes the experiences and developments of Hungarian banking sector during the transitional process from a centralized economy to a market-oriented system.The paper identifies that early reorganization initiatives, flexible approaches to privatization, and liberal policies towards foreign banks involvement with the domestic institutions helped to build a relatively strong and increasingly efficient banking system.Banks with higher foreign bank ownership involvement were associated with lower inefficiency.
  • Fang, Yiwei; Hasan, Iftekhar; Marton, Katherin (2011)
    Bank of Finland Research Discussion Papers 7/2011
    The policy changes and structural reforms in transition economies over the past two decades have created exogenous variations in institutional development, which offers us an ideal natural experiment to analyse the causal effects of institutions on bank risk-taking behaviour. This paper examines a wide array of institutional reforms in respect of law and legal institutions, banking liberalization, and enterprise restructuring in privatization and corporate governance. Using a difference-in-difference approach, we find that banks financial stability has increased substantially subsequent to the institutional reforms. Further analysis suggests that the enhancement of financial stability mostly comes from the reduction of asset risk. Moreover, the effects of institutional reforms on bank risk are more pronounced for domestic banks than foreign banks. From the policy consideration, our study sheds light on the risk implications of different institutional reforms that have been characterizing transition countries.