Browsing by Subject "O41"

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  • Mao, Rui; Yao, Yang (2015)
    BOFIT Discussion Papers 23/2015
    Published in Journal of International Commerce, Economics and Policy, Volume 7, Issue 2, June 2016
    This paper empirically studies how a fixed exchange rate regime (FERR) may promote economic growth by undermining the Balassa-Samuelson effect. When total factor productivity (TFP) is faster in the industrial sector than in the non-tradable sectors, an FERR can suppress the Balassa-Samuelson effect if adjustment of domestic prices is subject to nominal rigidities. With WDI data on sectoral value-added and data from the PPP converter provided by the Penn World Table, we are able to estimate the home country’s industrial-service (quasi-) relative-relative TFP in comparison with the United States. Applying those esti-mates, our econometric exercises then provide robust results that an FERR dampens the Balassa-Samuelson effect and that the real undervaluation that ensues does indeed promote growth. We also explore the channels for undervaluation to promote growth. Lastly, we compare industrial countries and developing countries and find that an FERR has more significant impacts on developing countries than on industrial countries.
  • Akcigit, Ufuk; Kerr, William R. (2013)
    Bank of Finland Research Discussion Papers 28/2013
    We study how exploration versus exploitation innovations impact economic growth through a tractable endogenous growth framework that contains multiple innovation sizes, multi-product firms, and entry/exit. Firms invest in exploration R&D to acquire new product lines and exploitation R&D to improve their existing product lines. We model and show empirically that exploration R&D does not scale as strongly with firm size as exploitation R&D. The resulting framework conforms to many regularities regarding innovation and growth differences across the firm size distribution. We also incorporate patent citations into our theoretical framework. The framework generates a simple test using patent citations that indicates that entrants and small firms have relatively higher growth spillover effects. JEL Classification: O31, O33, O41, L16 Keywords: Endogenous Growth, Innovation, Exploration, Exploitation, Research and Development, Patents, Citations, Scientists, Entrepreneurs
  • Schmöller, Michaela (2019)
    Bank of Finland Research Discussion Papers 8/2019
    I propose a two-sector endogenous growth model with heterogeneous sectoral productivity and sector-specific, nonlinear hiring costs to analyse the link between sectoral resource allocation, low productivity growth and stagnant real wages. My results suggest that an upward shift in the labor supply, triggered for instance by a labor market reform, as among others implemented in Germany in 2003-2005, is beneficial in the long-run as it raises growth of technology, labor productivity and real wages. I show, however, that in the immediate phase following the labor supply shock, labor productivity and real wages stagnate as employment gains are initially disproportionally allocated to low-productivity sectors, limiting the capacity for technology growth and depressing real wages and productivity. I demonstrate that due to the learning-by-doing growth externality in the high-productivity sector the competitive equilibrium is ineffcient as firms fail to internalize the effect of their labor allocation on aggregate growth. Subsidies to high-productivity sector production can alleviate welfare losses along the transition path.
  • Funke, Michael; Strulik, Holger (2003)
    BOFIT Discussion Papers 10/2003
    Published in Published in Finnish Economic Papers vol 19, no 1 (2006), pp. 25-38
    This paper analyses the long-run effects of Estonia s 2000 Income Tax Act with a dynamic general equilibrium model.Specifically, we consider the impact of the shift from an imputation system to one where companies only pay taxes on distributed profits.Balanced growth paths, transitional dynamics and welfare costs are computed. Our results indicate that the 2000 Income Tax Act leads to higher per capita income and investment, but lower welfare.A sensitivity analysis shows the results are rather robust. Keywords: growth, welfare, taxation, tax reform, Estonia JEL Classification: H25, H32, O41, O52
  • Chen, Xi; Funke, Michael (2012)
    BOFIT Discussion Papers 13/2012
    Published in Journal of Macroeconomics, Volume 38, Part B, December 2013, Pages 465-480
    This paper accounts for China.s economic growth since 1980 in a unified endogenous growth model in which a sequencing of physical capital accumulation, human capital ac-cumulation and innovation drives the rise in China.s aggregate income. The first stage is characterized by physical capital accumulation. The second stage includes both physical and human capital accumulation, and in the final stage innovation is added to the mix. Model calibrations indicate that the growth model can generate a trajectory that accords well with the different stages of development in China. Keywords: China, economic growth, transitional dynamics JEL-Classification: D90, O31, O33, O41