Browsing by Subject "Romania"

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  • Bonin, John; Wachtel, Paul (2004)
    BOFIT Discussion Papers 22/2004
    Published in Systemic Financial Crises: Resolving Large Bank Insolvencies, D. Evanoff, G. Kaufman, eds., World Publishing, 2005
    We examine the efforts of transition economies to deal with financial fragility and resolve banking cries We characterize the birthing process of banking in transition and the three essential features of banking crises in transition economies: (i) bad loans and the relationship to state owned industries, (ii) development of institutional infrastructure and (iii) credible commitments to resolution and privatization.We then discuss the experiences of seven important transition countries in order to identify the salient features of their efforts to resolve banking crises.
  • Égert, Balázs (2005)
    BOFIT Discussion Papers 3/2005
    Published in Economic Systems vol. 29, no 2 (2005), pp. 123-282
    This paper investigates the equilibrium exchange rates of three Southeastern European countries (Bulgaria, Croatia and Romania), of two CIS economies (Russia and Ukraine) and of Turkey.A systematic approach in terms of different time horizons at which the equilibrium exchange rate is assessed is conducted, combined with a careful analysis of country-specific factors.For Russia, a first look is taken at the Dutch Disease phenomenon as a possible driving force behind equilibrium exchange rates.A unified framework including productivity and net foreign assets completed with a set control variables such as openness, public debt and public expenditures is used to compute total real misalignment bands. JEL: E31, O11, P17 Keywords: Balassa-Samuelson, Dutch Disease, Bulgaria, Croatia, Romania, Russia, Ukraine, Turkey
  • Komulainen, Tuomas; Pirttilä, Jukka (2000)
    BOFIT Discussion Papers 11/2000
    Published in Economics of Planning 2002, Volume 35, Issue 3, pp 293-316
  • Bask, Mikael; Fidrmuc, Jarko (2006)
    Bank of Finland Research Discussion Papers 10/2006
    Published in Open Economies Review, Volume 20, Issue 5, November 2009, Pages 589-605
    We present a model of exchange rates, which incorporates the monetary approach and technical trading, and we present the reduced form based on the minimal state variable solution, where both fundamentals and backward-looking term determine the spot exchange rates.Finally, we estimate the impact of the monetary fundamentals for a panel of Central and Eastern European countries (Czech Republic, Poland, Romania and Slovakia) in the second half of the 1990s as well as the complete model of exchange rate determination for daily data over the more recent free-floating period.Key words: foreign exchange market, fundamental analysis, panel cointegration, technical analysis JEL classification numbers: C23, F31, F36
  • Wachtel, Paul; Korhonen, Iikka (2004)
    BOFIT Discussion Papers 5/2004
    The transition economies were remarkably successful in curbing the inflation that took place after the initial transition and shocks and, more recently, most of the countries have brought inflation down to the levels found in major developed countries.In this paper we review the experiences and show how fiscal discipline, monetary policy and exchange rate policy contributed to the outcome.In addition, we note that the influence of EU accession on institutions and policy may have played an important role.The paper also surveys the literature on the quality of the inflation data, the extent to which necessary relative price adjustments have occurred and the size of the Balassa-Samuelson effect.Case studies of disinflation in four countries are presented: Poland, Romania, Estonia and Russia.