Browsing by Subject "bond market"

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  • Ma, Guonan; Yao, Wang (2016)
    BOFIT Discussion Papers 1/2016
    A global renminbi needs to be backed by a large, deep and liquid renminbi bond market with a world-class Chinese government bond (CGB) market as its core. China’s CGB market is the seventh largest in the world while sitting alongside a huge but non-tradable and captive central bank liability in the form of required reserves. By transforming the non-tradable cen-tral bank liabilities into homogeneous and tradable CGBs through halving the high Chinese reserve requirements, the size of the CGB market can easily double. This would help over-come some market impediments and elevate the CGBs to a top three government bond mar-ket globally, boosting market liquidity while trimming distortions to the banking system. With a foreign ownership similar to that of the JGBs, CGBs held by foreign investors may increase ten-fold by 2020, approaching 5 percent of the 2014 global foreign reserves and facilitating a potential global renminbi, especially in the wake of the renminbi’s inclusion into the basket of the IMF Special Drawing Rights.
  • Verona, Fabio; Martins, Manuel M. F.; Drumond, Inês (2014)
    Bank of Finland Research Discussion Papers 21/2014
    Revised version uploaded 27 June 2017. Published in Journal of Macroeconomics, special issue on “Banking in macroeconomic theory and policy” ; 54 ; Part B ; December ; 1339-1351.
    We assess the performance of optimal Taylor-type interest rate rules, with and without reaction to financial variables, in stabilizing an economy following financial shocks. The analysis is conducted in a DSGE model with loan and bond markets, each featuring financial frictions. This allows for a wide set of financial shocks and transmission mechanisms and can be calibrated to match the bond-to-bank finance ratio featured in the US financial system. Overall, we find that monetary policy that reacts to credit growth, a form of the so-called “leaning against the wind”, improves the ability of the central bank to achieve its mandate in the wake of financial shocks. The specific policy implications depend partly on the origin and the persistence of the financial shock, but overall not on the assignment of a mandate for financial stability in the central bank’s objective function.
  • Laakkonen, Helinä (2015)
    Bank of Finland Research Discussion Papers 4/2015
    This paper studies the impact of uncertainty on the investors' reactions to news on macroeconomic statistics. With daily data on realized volatility and trading volume, we show that the investors in the US Treasury bond futures market react significantly stronger to US macroeconomic news in times of low macroeconomic, financial and political uncertainty. We also find that investors are more sensitive to the uncertainty in the financial market compared to the macroeconomic and political uncertainties. Our results might partly explain the sudden freeze and low liquidity in some financial markets during the latest financial crisis.