Browsing by Subject "financial crises"

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  • Saka, Orkun; Ji, Yuemei; De Grauwe, Paul (2021)
    BOFIT Discussion Papers 10/2021
    We first present a simple model of post-crisis policymaking driven by both public and private interests. Using a novel dataset covering 94 countries between 1973 and 2015, we then establish that financial crises can lead to government interventions in financial markets. Consistent with a public interest channel, we find post-crisis interventions occur only in democratic countries. However, by using a plausibly exogenous setting -i.e., term limits- muting political accountability, we show that democratic leaders who do not have re-election concerns are substantially more likely to intervene in financial markets after crises, in ways that may promote (obstruct) private (public) interests.
  • Isoré, Marlène (2016)
    Bank of Finland Research Discussion Papers 28/2016
    This paper develops a two-country model in which transmission of financial shocks arises despite a flexible exchange rate regime and substitutable financial assets, contrary to the open-economy literature results under these two conditions. The search and matching approach first accounts for the time needed to restore normal functioning of financial markets following a disruption. It also allows dissociating two types of financial shocks: (i) pure liquidity contractions imply negative co-movements of home and foreign outputs, so that the model nests the standard open macroeconomy results as a particular case; (ii) shocks to banks’ capitalization costs in one country do generate international financial contagion.
  • Berglund, Tom; Mäkinen, Mikko (2016)
    Bank of Finland Research Discussion Papers 30/2016
    Available also in Research in International Business and Finance 47 ; January ; 2019
    To study whether banks retain their lessons from the experience of a severe financial crisis, we examine the effects of the systemic banking crisis of the early 1990s in three Nordic countries (Finland, Norway, and Sweden). While this crisis largely bypassed the rest of Europe, we hypothesize that banks in the three affected Nordic countries took their crisis experiences to heart and as a result outperformed other European banks during the 2008 global financial crisis. Based on a large panel data set of Nordic and European banks for the period 1994–2010, our findings support our main hypothesis that the Nordic banks learned from the 1990s crisis and adjusted their business models accordingly. Our descriptive analysis of Nordic banks finds evidence of “lessons learned” in such precautions as robust capital cushions, improvements in management efficiency and higher credit quality demands relative to the rest of Europe.
  • Bank of Finland (2010)
    Editorial: Financial crises and economic growth+Challenges of the global crisis to macroeconomic theory and international finance+Russian banking sector displays both similarities and differences
  • Virtanen, Timo; Tölö, Eero; Virén, Matti; Taipalus, Katja (2016)
    Bank of Finland Research Discussion Papers 27/2016
    Unit root methods have long been used in detection of financial bubbles in asset prices. The basic idea is that fundamental changes in the autocorrelation structure of relevant time series imply the presence of a rational price bubble. We provide cross-country evidence for performance of unit-root-based early warning systems in ex-ante prediction of financial crises in 15 EU countries over the past three decades. We then combine the identified early warning signals from multiple time series into a composite indicator. We also show that a mix of data with different frequencies may be useful in providing timely warning signals. Our results suggest and an early warning tool based on unit root methods provides be a valuable accessory in financial stability supervision.