Browsing by Subject "hakijamaat"

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  • Rahn, Jörg (2003)
    BOFIT Discussion Papers 11/2003
    We apply BEER and PEER approaches to calculate real equilibrium exchange rates for five EU accession countries in central and east Europe.Bilateral nominal equilibrium exchange rates against the euro are obtained through algebraic transformation of the results. Panel cointegration techniques are used to check the adequacy of the empirical model.The results reveal substantial overvaluations of the real exchange rate in several EU accession countries. Overvaluation is even higher when these exchange rates are expressed in nominal terms against the euro. Keywords: real exchange rates, equilibrium exchange rates, transition economies, panel cointegration JEL Classification: F31, F41, C23
  • (2000)
    Euroopan keskuspankki. Kuukausikatsaus Helmikuu
  • Fischer, Christoph (2002)
    BOFIT Discussion Papers 8/2002
    Published in Review of World Economics/Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv vol. 140, no 2 (2004), pp. 179-210
    The Balassa-Samuelson effect is usually seen as the prime explanation of the continuous real appreciation of central and east European (CEE) transition countries' currencies against their western counterparts.The response of a small country's real exchange rate to various shocks is derived in a simple model.It is shown that productivity shocks work not only through a Balassa-type supply channel but also through an investment demand channel. Therefore, empirical evidence apparently in favour of Balassa-Samuelson effects may require a re-interpretation.The model is estimated for a panel of CEE countries.The results are consistent with the model, plausibly explain the observed real appreciation and support the existence of the proposed investment demand channel.JEL classification: F31, F41, C33
  • Korhonen, Iikka (2002)
    BOFIT Online 10/2002
    The paper estimates the Monetary Condition Indices (MCIs) for three EU accession countries: the Czech Republic, Poland and Slovakia and assesses the relative importance of interest rates and of the exchange rate in the transmission of monetary policy.The calculated MCI ratios indicate that the exchange rate has surprisingly little influence on the Slovakian economy.The MCI ratio for the Czech Republic is very much comparable to that of small EU countries.Poland seems to be extremely sensitive to changes in the exchange rate.However, estimations appear to be quite sensitive to different specifications, and therefore should be treated with caution. Key words: Monetary policy, Monetary Condition Index, the Czech Republic, Poland, Slovakia
  • Fidrmuc, Jarko; Korhonen, Iikka (2003)
    BOFIT Discussion Papers 6/2003
    Published in Comparative Economic Studies vol. 46 no 1 (2004), pp. 45-62
    We assess the correlation of supply and demand shocks between current countries in the euro area and EU accession candidates from 1993/1995 to 2002.Supply and demand shocks are recovered from estimated structural VAR models of output growth and inflation. Notably, the economic slowdown between 2000 and 2002 increased heterogeneity of business cycles between the euro area and acceding counties.We find that several acceding countries have a quite high correlation of underlying shocks with the euro area and conclude that continuing integration within the EU is likely to align the business cycles of these countries in a manner similar to the synchronisation of supply and demand shocks we document for the EU in the 1990s.JEL numbers E32, F42.Keywords: Optimum currency area, EU enlargement, structural VAR.