Browsing by Subject "kilpailupolitiikka"

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  • Markkula, Tuomas; Takalo, Tuomas (2021)
    BoF Economics Review 8/2021
    Declining ATM numbers pose a challenge for competition policy and financial regulatory authorities. In this report we review the Finnish experience of regulating the competition in the ATM industry. To analyze the Finnish developments we extend the model of Kopsakangas-Savolainen and Takalo (2014), and draw on the existing literature and benchmarks from the selected other countries. We document how changes in the ATM market regulation and market structure has decoupled the ATM network size from the declining cash use in Finland. The Finnish regulation has almost exclusively focused on foreign fees, while in general it would be better to regulate interchange fees. If the optimal fee regulation is not feasible, the authorities could also consider quantity regulation.
  • Hasan, Iftekhar; Marinc, Matej (2013)
    Bank of Finland Research Discussion Papers 7/2013
    Published in European Journal of Law and Economics, Volume 42, Issue 2, October 2016: 295–324
    This article investigates the nexus of competition and stability in European banking. It analyzes the European legal framework for competition policy in banking and several cases that pertain to anti-cartel policy, merger policy, and state-aid control. It discusses whether and how competition policy should be amended in order to preserve the stability of the banking system during crises. The article argues for increased cooperation between prudential regulators and competition authorities, as well as an enhanced framework for bank regulation, supervision, and resolution that could mitigate the need to change competition policy in crisis times. Keywords: Banking, Competition Policy, Financial Crisis JEL classification: G21, G28, K21, L40
  • Kunnas, Heikki J. (1985)
    Bank of Finland. Monthly Bulletin 59 ; 4 ; April