Browsing by Subject "maailmantalous"

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  • Bank of Finland (2021)
    Bank of Finland. Bulletin 4/2021
    The global economy is recovering from the COVID-19 pandemic with the support of vaccines and economic policy. Inflation, or the increase in the general level of prices for goods and services, has accelerated globally as the economy has recovered. The increase in the pace of inflation will, however, begin to flatten out next year. The economy has recovered more rapidly in the United States than in the euro area. Forecasts suggest the euro area economy will reach its pre-crisis level towards the end of the current year. Central banks and governments in different countries have supported the economy in a variety of ways during the crisis. These stimulus measures have accelerated the economic recovery, but many countries have become heavily indebted during the pandemic. Reducing the debt burden is actually the next long-term economic challenge.
  • Karjanlahti, Kristiina (2018)
    Euro & talous. Blogi
    Voimakas kasvu ja uudet rahoittajat ovat leimanneet 2000-luvun alun Saharan eteläpuolisen Afrikan kasvutarinaa. Perinteisten kehitysaputoimijoiden merkitys Afrikan rahoittajana on vähentynyt samalla kun uusien toimijoiden, kuten Kiinan, sekä kansainvälisten ja kotimaisten rahoitusmarkkinoiden rooli on voimistunut. Viime vuosina tummia pilviä on kerääntynyt Afrikan taivaalle. Raaka-aineiden hinnat ovat laskeneet, kasvu on hidastunut ja julkisen sektorin velat ovat kasvaneet. Samalla on noussut huoli maiden velanmaksukyvystä edellisen velkakriisin ollessa vielä tuoreessa muistissa.
  • Karhapää, Henna (2018)
    Euro & talous. Blogi
    Kuluva vuosi on ollut Argentiinalle surkea. Näkymissä on talouden syvä taantuma, inflaatio huitelee yli 40 prosentissa ja valuutan arvosta on vuoden aikana kadonnut puolet. Ongelmien syvyydestä kertoo myös se, että tilanteen hallintaan on tarvittu Kansainvälisen valuuttarahaston (IMF) historian suurin rahoitusohjelma, joka vain muutama kuukausi sen hyväksymisen jälkeen jouduttiin rakentamaan uudelleen. Argentiinan saaminen omille jaloilleen tulee vaatimaan kansainvälisen yhteisön tuen lisäksi kotimaisten viranomaisten lujan sitoutumisen tarvittavien politiikkatoimien toteuttamiseen.
  • Bank of Finland (2017)
    Bank of Finland. Bulletin 5/2017
    Finland’s economic growth is broadly based, exports are fuelling growth and at the same time domestic demand continues to be strong. According to the Bank of Finland forecast, Finland’s GDP will grow 3.1% in 2017 and 2.5% in 2018. Over the years 2019–2020 the economy will grow approximately 1.5% per annum. Inflation will gather pace but throughout the forecast period will be slower than elsewhere in the euro area.
  • Bank of Finland (2016)
    Bank of Finland. Bulletin 1/2016
    The Bank of Finland forecasts a global growth rate of 2.8% in 2016, rising only slightly to 3.2% in 2017–2018. The growth pick-up reflects a recovery of the emerging economies suffering from the recession. World trade growth in the forecast period will be close to world GDP growth. The forecasts for the United States and the EU22 are more moderate than previously, but growth should still exceed the estimated potential growth rate. The growth forecast for China in 2016–2017 remains at 6%, from which it is expected to slow to 5% in 2018.
  • Liikanen, Erkki (2017)
    Bank of Finland. Bulletin 1/2017
    Economic growth in the euro area is becoming more broadly based and there has already been four years of unbroken growth in GDP. The monetary policy of the ECB has been highly accommodative, lowering funding costs for both households and non-financial corporations across the euro area. Bank lending rates are at a historical low, which has strengthened credit growth. With lower unemployment and higher household incomes, confidence in future economic developments in the euro area is high. The accommodative monetary policy has buffered euro area growth against negative impacts from the growing global uncertainty, supported balance sheet restructuring in the financial sector and contributed to a reduction in leverage ratios.
  • Rehn, Olli (2018)
    Bank of Finland. Bulletin 4/2018
    The euro area's growth rate is set to moderate to approximately 2%. A reduction in unemployment has created suitable conditions for accelerated wage growth and a return in the path of inflation to the policy objective of below, but close to, 2%. At its monetary policy meeting in June 2018, the Governing Council of the ECB took policy decisions spanning a period of over one year, at least through the summer of 2019. The Governing Council announced that monetary policy will continue to remain accommodative for an extended period, even if monetary policy has entered a path of gradual normalisation.
  • Rehn, Olli (2019)
    Bank of Finland. Bulletin 4/2019
    Global economic growth began to moderate in early 2018. Industrial confidence has waned worldwide and global manufactures trade has seen its growth stall this year. Financial markets have avoided disruption for the time being, but the widening trade war has already slowed the expansion of the global economy.
  • Liikanen, Erkki (2017)
    Euro & talous 1/2017
    Euroalueen talouskasvu on jatkumassa laaja-alaisena. Alueen BKT on kasvanut yhtäjaksoisesti jo neljä vuotta. EKP:n rahapolitiikka on tukenut kehitystä vahvasti, kun yritysten ja kotitalouksien rahoituskustannukset ovat kaikkialla pienentyneet. Pankkien antolainauskorot ovat historiallisen matalat, mikä on vahvistanut luotonannon kasvua. Kun työttömyys on vähentynyt ja kotitalouksien tulojen kehitys parantunut, on myös luottamus tulevaan talouskehitykseen euroalueella vahva. Kevyt rahapolitiikka on myös suojannut euroalueen talouskasvua kansainvälisen epävarmuuden lisääntymisen negatiivisilta vaikutuksilta, tukenut rahoitussektorin tervehdyttämistä ja edesauttanut velkaantumisen vähenemistä.
  • Suomen Pankki (2018)
    Euro & talous 1/2018
    Maailmantalouden kasvunäkymät ovat vahvat. Kasvua tukevat usean keskeisen talousalueen samantahtinen elpyminen, kevyt rahapolitiikka sekä Yhdysvaltain finanssipoliittinen elvytys. Kiina jatkaa nopean kasvun tavoittelua, ja velkaantuminen jatkuu. Kasvu vähentää talouden vapaita resursseja useassa maassa samanaikaisesti, mikä asteittain lisää inflaatiopaineita. Jos suotuisa kehitys jatkuu, keskeisten maiden rahapolitiikan odotetaan kiristyvän vähitellen.
  • Rehn, Olli (2021)
    Euro & talous. Blogi
    Maailmantalouden elpyminen globaalista terveys- ja talouskriisistä on vahvistumassa. Tällä viikolla pidettyjä Kansainvälisen valuuttarahaston (IMF) ja Maailmanpankin virtuaalisia kevätkokouksia hallitsi kuitenkin elpymisnäkymien kasvava eriytyminen ja epätahtisuus. Iso joukko köyhimpiä kehitysmaita ja keskituloisia kehittyviä talouksia uhkaa jäädä jälkeen globaalilla elpymispolulla.
  • Suomen Pankki (2020)
    Euro & talous 1/2020
    Konkurssien ja työttömyyden torjuntaan tarvitaan kansallisia ja yhteiseurooppalaisia ratkaisuja 3 Koronavirus aiheutti maailmantalouden äkkipysähdyksen 7 EKP:n rahapolitiikan toimet koronapandemian aikana 18 Suomen Pankki käynnisti toimintansa yritystodistusmarkkinoilla 25 Koronakriisiin vastaavia talouspolitiikan toimia eri maissa 29 Yritysten maksuvaikeudet koronapandemiassa − laskelmia yritysaineistolla 42 Koronaepävarmuus pitkittää ja pahentaa talouden taantumaa 53
  • Bank of Finland (2016)
    Bank of Finland. Bulletin 1/2016
    The Governing Council of the ECB decided on an expanded asset purchase programme (EAPP) in January 2015. Purchases have thus far been conducted to a total value of almost EUR 780 billion. At its monetary policy meeting in March 2016, the Governing Council decided to further ease the monetary policy stance. Accordingly, markets expect monetary policy to remain accommodative for a prolonged period.
  • Bank of Finland (2015)
    Bank of Finland. Bulletin 4/2015
    Monetary policy in the euro area has been highly accommodative in recent years. The accommodative stance has also been reflected in banks’ lending rates. The transmission of monetary policy has become more effective, following the strengthening of the euro area banking system and the improvement in banks’ capital adequacy from previous years.
  • Bank of Finland (2018)
    Bank of Finland. Bulletin 1/2018
    The growth outlook for the global economy is strong. Growth is supported by a synchronized expansion in several key economic regions, accommodative monetary policy, and fiscal stimulus in the United States. China continues to pursue rapid growth, while the accumulation of debt continues. Growth is reducing economic slack in several countries simultaneously, leading to a gradual increase in inflationary pressures. If favourable developments continue, monetary policy in key countries is expected to tighten gradually.
  • Bank of Finland (2017)
    Bank of Finland. Bulletin 1/2017
    Global economic growth will strengthen from its 2016 level and continue at an annual pace of over 3% in the years 2017–19. Improvements in confidence in the United States and elsewhere will boost economic growth in the short term. Upside risks to US economic growth in 2018–19 could arise if the expected growth-enhancing measures of the new administration are fully implemented. At the same time, foreseeable increases in protectionism could considerably weaken global economic and trade growth.
  • Bank of Finland (2017)
    Bank of Finland. Bulletin 1/2017
    The Bank of Finland foresees global growth strengthening relative to 2016 and continuing at a rate over 3% in 2017–2019. Improved confidence in both the United States and more broadly will reinforce favourable developments over the short term. Economic growth in the EU22 (euro area, United Kingdom, Sweden and Denmark) and the United States will remain fairly rapid throughout the forecast horizon. Growth in China will slow in an orderly manner, thus dampening global activity towards the end of the forecast period. Oil price increases will push up inflation in 2017 but will simultaneously support the recovery of the Russian economy.
  • Bank of Finland (2016)
    Bank of Finland. Bulletin 4/2016
    The global economy is expected to grow by a full 3% annually in 2017–2018, i.e. only slightly faster than in 2016. World trade growth will remain slow relative to GDP growth, as in recent years. In the United States and China, economic growth will continue to be strong and will sustain global growth. A slight rise in the oil price will support gradual economic recovery in Russia. Euro area growth is expected to remain relatively brisk, driven by domestic demand. Brexit will cast a shadow over the growth outlook, particularly for the United Kingdom but also to some extent for the rest of Europe. Emerging economies will continue to develop at a relatively steady pace during the forecast period and are not expected to be much affected by the dip in European growth.
  • Korhonen, Iikka (2021)
    Euro & talous. Blogi
    Maailmantalous on muuttunut merkittävästi EKP:n edellisen, vuoden 2003 rahapolitiikan strategia-arvion jälkeen. Kahden viime vuosikymmenen aikana globalisaatio on syventynyt monin tavoin, kansainvälinen kauppa on lisääntynyt ja yritysten erilaiset tuotantoketjut ovat tulleet entistä monimutkaisemmiksi, kun kuljetuskustannukset ovat laskeneet. Elintaso on noussut, kun tuotanto on tehostunut ja kansainvälinen kauppa lisääntynyt. Kuluttajien saatavilla on nyt monipuolisempi tuotevalikoima kuin aiemmin. Viime vuosina globalisaation syveneminen näyttää osin pysähtyneen, mutta minkäänlaista suurta globalisaation takapakkia ei myöskään ole nähty.
  • Bank of Finland (2016)
    Bank of Finland. Bulletin 4/2016
    Euro area monetary policy has been eased significantly in recent years. The most important of the measures applied are the expanded asset purchase programme (EAPP), targeted longer-term refinancing operations and the introduction of a negative interest rate on the deposit facility. The Governing Council of the ECB has emphasised its commitment to securing a sustained adjustment in the path of inflation consistent with its inflation target, i.e. a level below, but close to, 2%. The asset purchase programme has proceeded as planned and has led to reductions across a broad spectrum of euro area interest rates.