Browsing by Subject "maatalous"

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  • Westermarck, N. (1962)
    Bank of Finland. Monthly Bulletin 36 ; 7 ; July
  • Säntti, J. (1924)
    Bank of Finland. Monthly Bulletin 4 ; 12 ; December
  • Willandt, O. W. (1935)
    Bank of Finland. Monthly Bulletin 15 ; 3 ; March
  • Suomela, Samuli (1976)
    Bank of Finland. Monthly Bulletin 50 ; 2 ; February
  • Jyske, J. (1929)
    Bank of Finland. Monthly Bulletin 9 ; 11 ; November
  • Aaltonen, Seppo (1987)
    Bank of Finland. Monthly Bulletin 61 ; 10 ; October
  • Groundstroem, Oskar (1927)
    Bank of Finland. Monthly Bulletin 7 ; 11 ; November
  • Pääkkönen, Jenni (2009)
    BOFIT Discussion Papers 15/2009
    Published in Journal of Chinese Economic and Business Studies, Volume 10, Issue 1, February 2012, Pages 1-13
    This paper discusses growth differentials of Chinese provinces geared to agricultural activities and those focusing on industrial production over three decades of economic reform. Following trade theory and endogenous growth theory, we suggest that the fundamental differences between regions arise from their resource allocations at the start of reforms. Thus, capital-abundant regions have tended to specialize in industrial production, while the labor-abundant regions have concentrated on labor-intensive pro- duction (agriculture). Many of China.s agricultural provinces suffer from oversupplies of labor, which has led large numbers of people to migrate within the country to work in non-farming sectors of economy. We show that provinces with high shares of industrial production (the industrial club) have converged, and that agricultural provinces shifting to industrial production have been catching up to initially industrialized provinces. Provinces that have stayed with an agricultural strategy (the agricultural club) show no evidence of convergence and appear to have been left behind in terms of economic development. JEL Classi.cation: O17, O40, O57. Keywords: Growth, Agriculture, Convergence.
  • Terho, T. (1928)
    Bank of Finland. Monthly Bulletin 8 ; 7 ; July
  • Jääskeläinen, Oiva (1939)
    Bank of Finland. Monthly Bulletin 19 ; 10 ; October
  • Goel, Rajeev K.; Korhonen, Iikka (2009)
    BOFIT Discussion Papers 5/2009
    Published in Economic Systems 35 (2011) 109-124 as "Exports and Cross-National Corruption: A Disaggregated Examination"
    This research examines the connection between a country's export structure and corruption, incorporating disaggregated data on exports for a recent time period over a large set of nations. We ask whether various types of exports (e.g. agricultural, mineral, manufacturing and fuel) exert similar influences on corruption across nations. Our results suggest that corruption decreases as nations attain prosperity, as economic and political freedoms increase, and with a larger government size. Ceteris paribus, transition countries are also found to be more corrupt. Ethnic and linguistic fractionalizations exert opposite influences on corruption, while religious fractionalization does not seem to matter. Although the effects of ore and manufacturing exports are statistically insignificant, agricultural and fuel exports affect corruption significantly. Our findings for fuel exports support previous research, as well as uniquely demonstrate that the impact of fuel exports is sensitive to the prevailing corruption level. We conclude with a discussion of policy implications. Keywords: corruption, exports, resource curse, government JEL codes: H11, K42, O13
  • Suomela, Samuli (1975)
    Bank of Finland. Monthly Bulletin 49 ; 12 ; December
  • Ekelund, Erik (1932)
    Bank of Finland. Monthly Bulletin 12 ; 9 ; September
  • Jutila, K. T. (1930)
    Bank of Finland. Monthly Bulletin 10 ; 12 ; December
  • Suomela, Samuli (1958)
    Bank of Finland. Monthly Bulletin 32 ; 4 ; April
  • Jyske, J. (1923)
    Bank of Finland. Monthly Bulletin 3 ; 10 ; October
  • Lehtinen, Artturi (1935)
    Bank of Finland. Monthly Bulletin 15 ; 12 ; December
  • Pennanen, Ernst (1937)
    Bank of Finland. Monthly Bulletin 17 ; 11 ; November
  • Heliö, Aarne (1933)
    Bank of Finland. Monthly Bulletin 13 ; 2 ; February
  • Herrala, Risto (2008)
    Maataloustuotteiden maailmanmarkkinoiden tarkastelu on euroalueen inflaatiokehityksen näkökulmasta ajankohtaista nyt, kun vuosikymmenien mittaisen laskevien reaalihintojen kauden jälkeen hinnat ovat kääntyneet selvään nousuun. Seuraavassa kartoitetaan maataloustuotteiden maailmanmarkkinoiden toimintaa sekä merkitystä inflaation kannalta. Ensin paneudutaan maataloustuotteiden markkinoiden pitkän tähtäimen kehityspiirteisiin taloustieteellisen keskustelun näkökulmasta. Sen jälkeen tarkastellaan maataloustuotteiden maailmanmarkkinoiden rakennetta sekä maataloustukia. Lopuksi arvioidaan markkinoiden hintakehitystä sekä maataloustuotteiden maailmanmarkkinahintasokkien välittymistä kuluttajahintoihin.