Browsing by Subject "rahoituskriisit"

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  • Lukkarila, Johanna (2003)
    Suomen Pankin keskustelualoitteita 3/2003
    Monet maat ovat 1990-luvun alun jälkeen luopuneet kiinteän mutta ajoittain muutettavan valuuttakurssin järjestelmästä.Tässä työssä arvioidaan, miten Aasian tapahtumien jälkeen kehitellyt niin kutsutut kolmannen sukupolven valuuttakriisimallit selittävät Aasian kriisiä.Lisäksi teorioita ja Aasian tapahtumia verrataan Venäjän ja Turkin viimeisiin rahoituskriiseihin.Tarkastelu osoittaa, etteivät perinteiset teoriat ole menettäneet merkitystään kriisien selittäjinä.Uusia malleja ja mallien yhdistämistä kuitenkin tarvitaan, sillä viimeaikaisiin kriiseihin on yhä useammin liittynyt sekä pankki- että valuuttakriisien piirteitä.Avain-sanat: valuuttakriisit, pankkikriisit, kehittyvät markkinat, Aasia, Turkki, Venäjä JEL-luokittelu: F31, F32, F41
  • Isoré, Marlène (2016)
    Bank of Finland Research Discussion Papers 28/2016
    This paper develops a two-country model in which transmission of financial shocks arises despite a flexible exchange rate regime and substitutable financial assets, contrary to the open-economy literature results under these two conditions. The search and matching approach first accounts for the time needed to restore normal functioning of financial markets following a disruption. It also allows dissociating two types of financial shocks: (i) pure liquidity contractions imply negative co-movements of home and foreign outputs, so that the model nests the standard open macroeconomy results as a particular case; (ii) shocks to banks’ capitalization costs in one country do generate international financial contagion.
  • Ambrocio, Gene; Jang, Tae-Seok
    Journal of Business Cycle Research December ; 2021
    This paper examines the effects of the Global Financial Crisis (GFC) on investment activity in Finland and South Korea. We employed an Accelerator model to assess whether investment developments in both countries were excessively hit by the GFC. We then used structural vector auto regressions to identify the main drivers behind investment developments in both countries. First, we found that Finnish investment and output sharply declined following the crisis, while South Korea’s experience was considerably milder. The results show that the main drivers that initially depressed investment following the crisis were foreign demand and financial factors. In addition, negative domestic supply factors continued to depress investment in Finland in the years that followed, while negative foreign demand and financial factors continued to put downward pressure on investment in South Korea.
  • Suomen Pankki (2010)
    "Pääkirjoitus: Rahoituskriisit ja talouskasvu Maailmanlaajuisen talouskriisin haasteet makrotaloustieteelle ja kansainväliselle rahoitukselle Venäjän pankkisektori on sekä samanlainen että erilainen"
  • Virtanen, Timo; Tölö, Eero; Virén, Matti; Taipalus, Katja (2016)
    Bank of Finland Research Discussion Papers 27/2016
    Unit root methods have long been used in detection of financial bubbles in asset prices. The basic idea is that fundamental changes in the autocorrelation structure of relevant time series imply the presence of a rational price bubble. We provide cross-country evidence for performance of unit-root-based early warning systems in ex-ante prediction of financial crises in 15 EU countries over the past three decades. We then combine the identified early warning signals from multiple time series into a composite indicator. We also show that a mix of data with different frequencies may be useful in providing timely warning signals. Our results suggest and an early warning tool based on unit root methods provides be a valuable accessory in financial stability supervision.
  • Komulainen, Tuomas; Lukkarila, Johanna (2003)
    BOFIT Discussion Papers 5/2003
    Published in Emerging Markets Review vol 4, no 3 (2003), pp. 248-272
    The study examines the causes of financial crises in 31 emerging market countries during 1980 2001.It estimates a probit model using 23 macroeconomic and financial sector variables.Traditional variables such as unemployment and inflation, as well as several indicators of indebtedness such as private sector liabilities and the foreign liabilities of banks explain currency crises rather well, and it appears currency crises occur in tandem with banking crises.Indeed, in emerging market countries the vulnerability to crisis is exacerbated by situations involving large liabilities that permit sudden capital outflows.Increases in indebtedness followed the liberalization of capital flows and domestic financial sectors. Author Keywords: Currency crises; Banking crises; Emerging markets; Liberalization; Probit model JEL classification codes: F31; F32; F41; F47