Browsing by Subject "tasapainoteoria"

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  • Newby, Elisa; Railavo, Jukka; Ripatti, Antti (2011)
    Bank of Finland bulletin. Economic outlook 3
    The purpose of economic forecasts is to support economic agents decision-making by providing a coherent picture of the present state of the economy and the outlook for the future. Since 2004, a key tool for preparing the Bank of Finland s forecast has been the Aino model.1 It is employed as a tool for integrating forecast information. The new version of the Aino model was introduced in the preparation of the March 2010 forecast. This article describes the features of the model and its use in the preparation of forecasts.
  • Newby, Elisa; Railavo, Jukka; Ripatti, Antti (2011)
    Euro & talous. Talouden näkymät 3
    Talousennusteilla pyritään tukemaan taloudenpitäjien päätöksentekoa luomalla johdonmukainen kuva talouden nykyhetkestä ja tulevaisuudennäkymistä. Suomen Pankin keskeisenä ennustetyökaluna on vuodesta 2004 lähtien ollut Aino-malli1.Mallia käytetään ennusteessa kokoavana välineenä. Aino-mallin uusi estimoitu versio otettiin ennustekäyttöön maaliskuun 2010 ennusteessa. Tässä artikkelissa kuvataan sekä mallin piirteitä että mallin hyödyntämistä ennusteiden laadinnassa.
  • Korkman, Sixten (1980)
    Suomen Pankki. B = Bank of Finland. B 33
    PREFACE 5 1. INTRODUCTION 7 1.1 Aim and Outline of the Study 10 2. DEVALUATION ANALYSIS: A SELECTIVE SURVEY 15 2.1 The Monetary General Equilibrium Approach 15 2.1.1 Assumptions 16 2.1.2 Exchange Devaluation 17 2.1.3 Exchange Stability 21 2.1.4 The Monetary Mechanism of Adjustment 22 2.1.5 Concluding Comments 24 2.2 Keynesian Devaluation Analysis 25 2.2.1 The Elasticities Approach 26 2.2.2 The Absorption Approach 28 2.2.3 The Standard Open Economy Model 29 2.2.4 Effects of a Devaluation: Unemployment 32 2.2.5 Effects of a Devaluation: Full Employment 36 2.2.6 Concluding Comments 39 3. INTERNAL AND EXTERNAL BALANCE 42 3.1 Tinbergen's Rule and Mundell's Principle 43 3.2 Meade on the Exchange Rate Regime 45 3.3 Mundell on the Exchange Rate Regime 49 3.4 The Assignment of Exchange Rate Policy 52 3.5 The Assignment Principle: An Extension 55 3.6 Concluding Comments 58 4. ANALYSIS OF EXCHANGE RATE POLICY IN A SIMPLE DYNAMIC MODEL 61 4.1 The Model 62 4.2 Short-run Comparative Statics 68 4.3 Dynamics 72 4.4 The Exchange Rate, Demand Management and Employment 77 4.5 Alternative Norms for Exchange Rate Policy 79 4.5.1 Fixed Exchange Rates 81 4.5.2 The Inflation Norm 82 4.5.3 The Competitiveness Norm 83 4.6 Concluding Comments 84 5. EXTERNAL BALANCE AND THE LONG RUN 87 5.1 The Concept of Structural Balance 88 5.1.1 Imbalance and Adjustment: Some Preliminary Observations 95 5.2 Accumulation and Intersectoral Allocation 99 5.2.1 Dynamic Investment Allocation: First Example 100 5.2.2 Dynamic Investment Allocation: Second Example 106 5.3 Devaluation and Accumulation 112 5.3.1 Effects of a Devaluation 112 5.3.2 The Devaluation Cycle 115 5.4 Conditions for Balanced Growth 119 5.5 Concluding Comment 122 6. SUMMARY, CONCLUSIONS AND SOME FINAL COMMENTS 124 REFERENCES 130
  • Kilponen, Juha; Vilmunen, Jouko (2007)
    Bank of Finland. Bulletin 81 ; 1