The Ruble between the hammer and the anvil: Oil prices and economic sanctions

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Title: The Ruble between the hammer and the anvil: Oil prices and economic sanctions
Author: Dreger, Christian ; Fidrmuc, Jarko ; Kholodilin, Konstantin ; Ulbricht, Dirk
Organization: Bank of Finland
Department / Unit: Institute for Economies in Transition (BOFIT)
Series: BOFIT Discussion Papers
Series number: 25/2015
Year of publication: 2015
Publication date: 21.8.2015
Published in: Published in Journal of Comparative Economics, Vol. 44, Issue 2, May 2016, Pages 295–308 as Between the hammer and the anvil: The impact of economic sanctions and oil prices on Russia’s ruble
Pages: 29
Subject (yso): valuuttakurssit; kansainväliset suhteet; pakotteet; sanktiot; ulkomaankauppa; öljy -- hinnat; hinnat
Keywords: Bofit-kokoelma; Venäjä; Ukraina
JEL: C22; F31; F51
Other keywords: military conflict; sanctions; oil prices; Ruble depreciation
Abstract: The exchange rate fluctuations strongly affect the Russian economy, given its heavy dependence on foreign trade and investment. Since January 2014, the Ruble lost 50% of its value against the US Dollar. The fall of the currency started with the conflict between Russia and Ukraine. The impact of the conflict on Russia may have been amplified by sanctions imposed by Western countries. However, as Russia is heavily dependent on exports of natural re-sources, the oil price decline starting in Summer 2014 could be another factor behind the deterioration. By using high frequency data on nominal exchange and interest rates, oil prices, actual and unanticipated sanctions, we provide evidence on the driving forces of the Ruble exchange rate. The analysis is based on cointegrated VAR models, where fundamental long-run relationships are implicitly embedded. The results indicate that the bulk of the depreciation can be related to the decline of oil prices. In addition, unanticipated sanctions matter for the conditional volatility of the variables involved.
Rights: https://helda.helsinki.fi/bof/copyright


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