Depositor discipline in Russian regions: Flight to familiarity or trust in local authorities?

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Title: Depositor discipline in Russian regions: Flight to familiarity or trust in local authorities?
Author: Schoors, Koen ; Semenova, Maria ; Zubanov, Andrey
Organization: Bank of Finland
Department / Unit: Institute for Economies in Transition (BOFIT)
Series: BOFIT Discussion Papers
Series number: 1/2017
Year of publication: 2017
Publication date: 19.1.2017
Pages: 42
Subject (yso): alueet; pankit; riskit
Keywords: Bofit-kokoelma; Venäjä; tallettajat
JEL: G21; G01; P2
Other keywords: market discipline; personal deposit; region; Russia; flight to familiarity; implicit guarantee
Abstract: We analyze whether a depositor’s familiarity with a bank affects depositor behavior during a financial crisis. Familiarity is measured by the presence of regional or local cues in the bank’s name, while depositor behavior is considered in terms of depositor sensitivity to observable bank risk (market discipline exerted by depositors). Using the 2001–2010 bank-level and region-level data for Russia, we show the evidence that depositors use quantity-based discipline on all banks in the sample. The evidence of a price-based discipline mechanism, however, is virtually absent. We find that depositors of familiar banks were less sensitive to bank risk after a financial crisis than depositors at unfamiliar banks. To assure the results are driven by familiarity bias and not implicit support of regional governments to banks with regional cues in their names, we interact the variables with measures of trust in local governments and regional affinity. We find a “flight to familiarity” effect strongly present in regions with strong regional affinity, while the effect is rejected in regions with greater trust in regional and local governments. This suggests that the results are driven by familiarity rather than implicit protection from trusted regional or local governments.

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