Developing an underlying inflation gauge for China

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Title: Developing an underlying inflation gauge for China
Author: Amstad, Marlene ; Ye, Huan ; Ma, Guonan
Organization: Bank of Finland
Department / Unit: Institute for Economies in Transition (BOFIT)
Series: BOFIT Discussion Papers
Series number: 11/2018
Year of publication: 2018
Publication date: 27.4.2018
Pages: 47
Keywords: Bofit-kokoelma;
JEL: C13; C33; E31; E37; G15; C43
Other keywords: inflation; China; emerging markets; forecasting; monetary policy; dynamic factor models
Abstract: Inflation in emerging markets is often driven by large, persistent changes in food and energy prices. Core inflation measures that neglect or under-weight volatile CPI subcomponents such as food and energy risk excluding information helpful in assessing current and future inflation trends. This paper develops an underlying inflation gauge (UIG) for China, extracting the persistent part of the common component in a broad dataset of price and non-price variables. Our proposed UIG for China avoids the excess volatility reduction that plagues traditional Chinese core inflation measures. When forecasting headline CPI, the proposed UIG outperforms traditional core inflation measures over a variety of samples.

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