Fertility cost, intergenerational labor division, and female employment

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Titel: Fertility cost, intergenerational labor division, and female employment
Författare: Yu, Haiyue ; Cao, Jin ; Kang, Shulong
Institution: Bank of Finland
Avdelning / Enhet: Institute for Economies in Transition (BOFIT)
Serie: BOFIT Discussion Papers
Serienumber: 14/2019
Utgivningsår: 2019
Utgivningsdatum: 30.7.2019
Sidor: 35
Subject (yso): työllisyys; työllisyysaste; naiset; isovanhemmat; lastenhoito
Nyckelord: Bofit-kokoelma; Kiina
JEL: C24; J13; J22
Andra nyckelord: intergenerational labor division; grandparental childcare; female employment; human capital accumulation
Abstrakt: This paper considers the role of grandparental childcare in China’s extraordinarily high female labor-market participation rate. Indeed, the high female labor-market participation and low labor-income penalty for childbirth is all the more remarkable given the lack of public subsidies for childcare. Using a novel and high-quality dataset, we find that childcare provided by retired grandparents significantly reduces the duration of career breaks for young women and helps women remain in the labor force. We further show that well-educated urban women benefit most from grandparental childcare, especially in the first three years of the child’s life before there is a possibility to enter kindergarten.
Licens: https://helda.helsinki.fi/bof/copyright


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