Cross-country asymmetries in euro area monetary transmission : The role of national financial systems

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Title: Cross-country asymmetries in euro area monetary transmission : The role of national financial systems
Author: Putkuri, Hanna
Organization: Suomen Pankki
Department / Unit: Financial Markets Department
Series: Suomen Pankin keskustelualoitteita
Bank of Finland. Discussion papers
Series number: 15/2003
Year of publication: 2003
Publication date: 14.5.2003
Pages: 114 s.
Keywords: rahapolitiikka; välittymismekanismit; vaikutukset; luotonanto; rahoitusmarkkinat; EKPJ; EMU;
Abstract: Since 1 January 1999 the ECB has conducted a single monetary policy in the euro area, but the mechanisms by which and the extent to which monetary shocks are transmitted into prices and real economic activity may vary from country to country.This paper investigates how and to what extent the impact of monetary policy depends on national features of financial systems.The main interest is in examining whether the bank lending channel of monetary policy results in asymmetric loan supply reactions on the aggregate level across countries. The variety of transmission mechanisms suggests that the potency of monetary policy may depend on several country-specific factors.On the basis of descriptive analysis, the present Member States seem to differ considerably in terms of their financial systems.The econometric analysis using aggregate data on a panel of twelve countries supports the view that some of these differences may lead to cross-country asymmetries in responses to the common monetary policy.In particular, a larger size and a lower degree of capitalisation of a banking sector are found to strengthen the bank lending channel on the aggregate level. Key words: EMU, monetary transmission, bank lending channel, panel data analysis

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