Declining labour share : Evidence of a change in the underlying production technology

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Title: Declining labour share : Evidence of a change in the underlying production technology
Author: Ripatti, Antti ; Vilmunen, Jouko
Organization: Suomen Pankki
Series: Bank of Finland. Discussion papers
Series number: 10/2001
Year of publication: 2001
Publication date: 1.8.2001
Pages: 43 s.
Keywords: työvoima; pääoma; Suomi; palkat; kansantulo; tuotanto; teknologia; tuottavuus; funktionaalinen tulonjako; tuotantofunktio; panokset; tuotannontekijät
Abstract: The study demonstrates that the decline in the labour share in Finland can not be explained by the Cobb-Douglas production function.Instead, we propose an approach based on the constant-elasticity-of-substitution (CES) production function with labour- and capital-augmenting technical progress.The model is augmented by imperfect competition in the output market.According to the empirical results based on estimation of the first-order-conditions, the technical elasticity of substitution is significantly less than unity (0.6) and hence the Cobb-Douglas production function is rejected.The growth rate of the estimated labour-augmenting technical progress has decreased in recent years, which is not consistent with the 'new-economy' hypothesis. Capital-augmenting technical trend has exploded during the same period, which provides a possible explanation for the rapid growth of the Solow residual.The main contributing factor behind the declining labour share is, however, the increasing mark-up. Keywords: production function, elasticity of technical substitution, input-augmenting technical progress, new economy

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