Financial institutions and the allocation of talent

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Title: Financial institutions and the allocation of talent
Author: Kanniainen, Vesa ; Leppämäki, Mikko
Organization: Suomen Pankki
Series: Bank of Finland. Discussion papers
Series number: 5/2002
Year of publication: 2002
Publication date: 12.3.2002
Pages: 23 s.
Keywords: yrittäjät; human capital; rahoitus; riskirahoitus; rahoituslaitokset; informaatio; kyvykkyys
JEL: D82; G24
Abstract: The paper shows that uninformed finance gives rise to excessive entry, both in human-capital-intensive and in conventional industries when the financial institutions cannot identify the entrepreneurial talent.Introduction of informed capital (eg venture capital finance) with superior screening ability results in an institutional equilibrium with efficiency gains in human-capital industries.Contrary to received wisdom, the institutional equilibrium with informed capital is characterised by more limited entry to an industry, which requires highly talented human capital. Unexpectedly, the total welfare effect is ambiguous, as the allocation of non-informed capital is now less efficient in the conventional industry.The institutional equilibrium is shaped by investors' risk preferences, costs of establishing uninformed and informed capital, and the initial distribution ot talent in the economy. Key words: allocation of talent, asymmetric information, financial institutions, venture capital, institutional equilibrium JEL classification numbers: D82, G2, G24

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