Government funds and demographic transition : alleviating ageing costs in a small open economy

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Title: Government funds and demographic transition : alleviating ageing costs in a small open economy
Author: Kinnunen, Helvi
Organization: Suomen Pankki
Series: Bank of Finland Research Discussion Papers
Series number: 21/2008
Year of publication: 2008
Publication date: 8.7.2008
Published in: Ilmestynyt myös VATT Publications 58/2011.
Pages: 37
Keywords: väestö; rahastot; ikääntyminen; julkinen talous; mallit; sijoitusrahastot; eläkkeet; verotus; julkisen talouden rahastot
JEL: E13; H55; J11; J26
Abstract: This paper investigates public pension funding using a dynamic general equilibrium macroeconomic model (DSGE) that facilitates investigation of distortionary effects of fiscal and pension policy responses to ageing. The model is calibrated to the Finnish economy, which will encounter substantial ageing pressures in the near future. During the transition to an older population structure ageing costs can be substantially lowered by allowing public funds to smooth out the tax responses. Cutting down on pension prefunding at a time when the pace of ageing is at its peak reduces the necessary tax hikes and stimulates labour supply growth at the moment when the labour market is tightest. With smaller funding needs, ageing leads to a slower growth in labour costs, a better employment conditions and faster production growth. Keywords: ageing, general equilibrium, public finance, government funds JEL classification numbers: E13, H55, J11, J26
Rights: https://helda.helsinki.fi/bof/copyright


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