Energy market liberalisation in the FSU : Simulations with the GTAP model

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Title: Energy market liberalisation in the FSU : Simulations with the GTAP model
Author: Riipinen, Toni
Organization: Bank of Finland
Department / Unit: Institute for Economies in Transition (BOFIT)
Series: BOFIT Discussion Papers
Series number: 12/2003
Year of publication: 2003
Publication date: 30.11.2003
Pages: 37 s.
Keywords: energia; markkinat; maakaasu; Venäjä; sääntely; mallit; öljy; verotus; vienti; hyvinvointi; Bofit-kokoelma; GTAP; deregulaatio
Abstract: This work considers effects of energy market liberalisation in the countries of the former Soviet Union (FSU).Our analysis is based on a computable general equilibrium (CGE) model called the Global Trade Analysis Project (GTAP).This specialised model makes it possible to evaluate effects in a general equilibrium set-up. Energy market reforms are widely discussed in the literature, but the use of CGE models has been limited.In the main part of the paper, we perform two experiments.The first is a benchmark liberalisation experiment in which all government taxes and subsidies are removed.The second is an attempt to simulate an increase in the export capacity of energy commodities into the European markets.In general, we find that liberalisation of FSU energy markets would increase welfare in the EU countries, while in the FSU welfare would decrease.This result is mainly due to the terms of trade effect, as export prices of FSU countries decrease. Keywords: energy, computable general equilibrium models, former Soviet Union, welfare analysis

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