The monetary approach to exchange rates in the CEECs

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Title: The monetary approach to exchange rates in the CEECs
Author: Crespo Cuaresma, Jesús ; Fidrmuc, Jarko ; MacDonald, Ronald
Organization: Bank of Finland
Department / Unit: Institute for Economies in Transition (BOFIT)
Series: BOFIT Discussion Papers
Series number: 14/2003
Year of publication: 2003
Publication date: 10.12.2003
Published in: Published in Economics of Transition vol 13, no 2 (2005), pp. 395-416
Pages: 23 s.
Keywords: mallit; valuuttakurssit; KIE; EMU; Bofit-kokoelma
JEL: C33; F31; F36
Abstract: A panel data set for six Central and Eastern European countries (the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia) is used to estimate the monetary exchange rate model with panel cointegration methods, including the Pooled Mean Group estimator, the Fully Modified Least Square estimator and the Dynamic Least Square estimator.The monetary model is able to convincingly explain the long-run dynamics of exchange rates in CEECs, particularly when this is supplemented by a Balassa-Samuelson effect.We then use our long-run monetary estimates to compute equilibrium exchange rates.Finally, we discuss the implications for the accession of selected countries to the European Economic and Monetary Union.Keywords: Exchange rates, monetary model, panel unit root tests, panel cointegration, EMU JEL classification: C33, F31, F36

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