Browsing by Subject "3123 Gynaecology and paediatrics"

Sort by: Order: Results:

Now showing items 21-40 of 1250
  • Jääskeläinen, Tiina; Kärkkäinen, Olli; Jokkala, Jenna; Klåvus, Anton; Heinonen, Seppo; Auriola, Seppo; Lehtonen, Marko; FINNPEC Core Invest Grp; Hanhineva, Kati; Laivuori, Hannele (2021)
    IntroductionMaternal metabolism changes substantially during pregnancy. However, few studies have used metabolomics technologies to characterize changes across gestation.Objectives and methodsWe applied liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) based non-targeted metabolomics to determine whether the metabolic profile of serum differs throughout the pregnancy between pre-eclamptic and healthy women in the FINNPEC (Finnish Genetics of Preeclampsia Consortium) Study. Serum samples were available from early and late pregnancy.ResultsProgression of pregnancy had large-scale effects to the serum metabolite profile. Altogether 50 identified metabolites increased and 49 metabolites decreased when samples of early pregnancy were compared to samples of late pregnancy. The metabolic signatures of pregnancy were largely shared in pre-eclamptic and healthy women, only urea, monoacylglyceride 18:1 and glycerophosphocholine were identified to be increased in the pre-eclamptic women when compared to healthy controls.ConclusionsOur study highlights the need of large-scale longitudinal metabolomic studies in non-complicated pregnancies before more detailed understanding of metabolism in adverse outcomes could be provided. Our findings are one of the first steps for a broader metabolic understanding of the physiological changes caused by pregnancy per se.
  • Bjornland, Kristin; Pakarinen, Mikko P.; Stenstrom, Pernilla; Stensrud, Kjetil J.; Neuvonen, Malla; Granström, Anna L.; Graneli, Christina; Pripp, Are H.; Arnbjörnsson, Einar; Emblem, Ragnhild; Wester, Tomas; Rintala, Risto J.; Nordic Pediat Surgery Study Consor (2017)
    Objective: Transanal endorectal pull-through (ERPT) is the most popular technique to treat Hirschsprung disease (HD). Still, there is limited knowledge on long-term bowel function. This cross-sectional, multicenter study assessed long-term bowel function in a large HD population and examined predictors of poor outcome. Methods: Patients older than four years or their parents filled out a validated questionnaire on bowel function. Clinical details were recorded retrospectively from medical records. Results: 73/200 (37%) patients reported absolutely no impaired bowel function, meaning no constipation, fecal accidents, stoma, appendicostomy or need for enemas. Seven (4%) had a stoma, and 33 (17%) used antegrade or rectal colonic enemas. Most disarrangements of fecal control and constipation were significantly less common in older age group, but abnormal defecation frequency and social problems remained unchanged. Syndromic patients (n = 31) experienced frequent fecal accidents (46%) more often than nonsyndromic (14%, P <0.001). Having a syndrome (adjusted OR 5.6, 95% CI 2.1-15, P = 0.001) or a complete transanal ERPT (adjusted OR 2.4, 95% CI 1.1-5.7, P = 0.038) was significantly associated with poor outcome defined as having a stoma, an appendicostomy, daily fecal accidents or need of regular rectal wash outs. Conclusion: A significant number of HD patients experience bowel problems many years after definite surgery. Fecal control was significantly better in older than younger HD patients, but some continued to have considerable bowel problems also as adults. A total transanal ERPT was associated with poorer outcome. Long-term follow-up of HD patients is warranted. (C) 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • Jackson, C. B.; Bauer, M. F.; Schaller, A.; Kotzaeridou, U.; Ferrarini, A.; Hahn, D.; Chehade, H.; Barbey, F.; Tran, C.; Gallati, S.; Haeberli, A.; Eggimann, S.; Bonafe, L.; Nuoffer, J-M. (2016)
    We report a novel homozygous missense mutation in the ubiquinol-cytochrome c reductase synthesis-like (BCS1L) gene in two consanguineous Turkish families associated with deafness, Fanconi syndrome (tubulopathy), microcephaly, mental and growth retardation. All three patients presented with transitory metabolic acidosis in the neonatal period and development of persistent renal de Toni-Debr,-Fanconi-type tubulopathy, with subsequent rachitis, short stature, microcephaly, sensorineural hearing impairment, mild mental retardation and liver dysfunction. The novel missense mutation c.142A > G (p.M48V) in BCS1L is located at a highly conserved region associated with sorting to the mitochondria. Biochemical analysis revealed an isolated complex III deficiency in skeletal muscle not detected in fibroblasts. Native polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE) revealed normal super complex formation, but a shift in mobility of complex III most likely caused by the absence of the BCS1L-mediated insertion of Rieske Fe/S protein into complex III. These findings expand the phenotypic spectrum of BCS1L mutations, highlight the importance of biochemical analysis of different primary affected tissue and underline that neonatal lactic acidosis with multi-organ involvement may resolve after the newborn period with a relatively spared neurological outcome and survival into adulthood. Conclusion: Mutation screening for BCS1L should be considered in the differential diagnosis of severe (proximal) tubulopathy in the newborn period.
  • Sundquist, Fredrik; Georgantzi, Kleopatra; Jarvis, Kirsten Brunsvig; Brok, Jesper; Koskenvuo, Minna; Rascon, Jelena; van Noesel, Max; Grybaeck, Per; Nilsson, Joachim; Braat, Arthur; Sundin, Mikael; Wessman, Sandra; Herold, Nikolas; Hjorth, Lars; Kogner, Per; Granberg, Dan; Gaze, Mark; Stenman, Jakob (2022)
    Background:& nbsp;Half the children with high-risk neuroblastoma die with widespread metastases. Molecular radiotherapy is an attractive systemic treatment for this relatively radiosensitive tumor. I-131-mIBG is the most widely used form in current use, but is not universally effective. Clinical trials of (177)Lutetium DOTATATE have so far had disappointing results, possibly because the administered activity was too low, and the courses were spread over too long a period of time, for a rapidly proliferating tumor. We have devised an alternative administration schedule to overcome these limitations. This involves two high-activity administrations of single agent Lu-177-DOTATATE given 2 weeks apart, prescribed as a personalized whole body radiation absorbed dose, rather than a fixed administered activity. "A phase II trial of (177)Lutetium-DOTATATE in children with primary refractory or relapsed high-risk neuroblastoma - LuDO-N " (EudraCT No: 2020-004445-36, Identifier: NCT04903899) evaluates this new dosing schedule.& nbsp;Methods:& nbsp;The LuDO-N trial is a phase II, open label, multi-center, single arm, two stage design clinical trial. Children aged 18 months to 18 years are eligible. The trial is conducted by the Nordic Society for Pediatric Hematology and Oncology (NOPHO) and it has been endorsed by SIOPEN (). The Karolinska University Hospital, is the sponsor of the LuDO-N trial, which is conducted in collaboration with Advanced Accelerator Applications, a Novartis company. All Scandinavian countries, Lithuania and the Netherlands participate in the trial and the UK has voiced an interest in joining in 2022.& nbsp;Results:& nbsp;The pediatric use of the Investigational Medicinal Product (IMP) Lu-177-DOTATATE, as well as non-IMPs SomaKit TOC (R) (Ga-68-DOTATOC) and LysaKare (R) amino acid solution for renal protection, have been approved for pediatric use, within the LuDO-N Trial by the European Medicines Agency (EMA). The trial is currently recruiting. Recruitment is estimated to be finalized within 3-5 years.& nbsp;Discussion:& nbsp;In this paper we present the protocol of the LuDO-N Trial. The rationale and design of the trial are discussed in relation to other ongoing, or planned trials with similar objectives. Further, we discuss the rapid development of targeted radiopharmaceutical therapy and the future perspectives for developing novel therapies for high-risk neuroblastoma and other pediatric solid tumors.
  • ESHRE COVID-19 Working Grp; Vermeulen, Nathalie; Ata, Baris; Gianaroli, Luca; Tapanainen, Juha S.; Veiga, Anna (2020)
    STUDY QUESTION: How did coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) impact on medically assisted reproduction (MAR) services in Europe during the COVID-19 pandemic (March to May 2020)? SUMMARY ANSWER: MAR services, and hence treatments for infertile couples, were stopped in most European countries for a mean of 7 weeks. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: With the outbreak of COVID-19 in Europe, non-urgent medical care was reduced by local authorities to preserve health resources and maintain social distancing. Furthermore, ESHRE and other societies recommended to postpone ART pregnancies as of 14 March 2020. STUDY DESIGN, SIZE, DURATION: A structured questionnaire was distributed in April among the ESHRE Committee of National Representatives, followed by further information collection through email. PARTICIPANTS/MATERIALS, SETTING, METHODS: The information was collected through the questionnaire and afterwards summarised and aligned with data from the European Centre for Disease Control on the number of COVID-19 cases per country. MAIN RESULTS AND THE ROLE OF CHANCE: By aligning the data for each country with respective epidemiological data, we show a large variation in the time and the phase in the epidemic in the curve when MAR/ART treatments were suspended and restarted. Similarly, the duration of interruption varied. Fertility preservation treatments and patient supportive care for patients remained available during the pandemic. LARGE SCALE DATA: N/A LIMITATIONS, REASONS FOR CAUTION: Data collection was prone to misinterpretation of the questions and replies, and required further follow-up to check the accuracy. Some representatives reported that they, themselves, were not always aware of the situation throughout the country or reported difficulties with providing single generalised replies, for instance when there were regional differences within their country. WIDER IMPLICATIONS OF THE FINDINGS: The current article provides a basis for further research of the different strategies developed in response to the COVID-19 crisis. Such conclusions will be invaluable for health authorities and healthcare professionals with respect to future similar situations.
  • Hannula, Leena; Puukka, Pauli; Asunmaa, Marjut; Mäkijärvi, Markku (2020)
    Background Many infants under 4 months suffer from infantile colic. Infants with colic cry a lot, appear to be in pain, and it is difficult to sooth them. Colic is a painful condition for the infant and very stressful to parents. Parents in Finland get advice to try reflexology treatment for their infant, but there are no studies in Finland to support this advice. Aim The aim of the pilot study was to treat infants with reflexology and find out parents' experiences of the effects of the treatment on colic symptoms and parental stress. Method A total of 33 parents of 35 infants diagnosed with colic participated to the pilot study. Three certified reflexologists with health care education background and extensive experience in infant reflexology were trained to give the reflexology treatment in a standardised manner. They treated each infant 3-4 times. The whole body reflexology treatment session consisted of gentle pressure treatment of soles and feet, hands, head, face, ears, back, neck and whole stomach area. One treatment session lasted about 20-30 minutes, and treatments were delivered within 8-12 days. The data were collected from the parents with semi-structured questionnaires. Results The series of the treatments helped reduce the suffering of all the babies with infant colic. The colic symptoms disappeared on 43% of infants and decreased on the remaining 57%. The parents reported having pleasant experiences with the treatment, regardless whether the colic symptoms disappeared or continued. Parents stated that the treatment reduced the most typical colic symptoms; infants' body tension, colic crying and restless movements, poor sleep quality and irregular bowel movements. Conclusions Reflexology treatment seems to be a safe and effective way to treat infants with colic when conducted by a health care professional with reflexology training and experience.
  • Raisanen, Sari; Hogue, Carol J. R.; Laine, Katariina; Kramer, Michael R.; Gissler, Mika; Heinonen, Seppo (2018)
    ObjectiveTo examine the effect of pregnancy history on the risk of stillbirth. MethodsIn a population-based cross-sectional study, data were reviewed from all women aged at least 20years with singleton pregnancies in Finland between 2000 and 2010. The primary outcomestillbirthwas defined as fetal death after 22 gestational weeks or death of a fetus weighing at least 500g. ResultsAmong 604047 singleton pregnancies, the prevalence of stillbirth was 3.17 per 1000 deliveries. Prevalence was lowest for multiparous women without previous pregnancy loss after adjusting for major pregnancy complications associated with stillbirth (placenta previa, placental abruption, and pre-eclampsia) and other confounders. Relative to these women, stillbirth prevalence was higher among multiparous women with previous spontaneous abortion and/or stillbirth (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] 1.20, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.05-1.36), nulliparous women with no previous pregnancy loss (aOR 1.23, 95% CI 1.10-1.38), and nulliparous women with prior spontaneous abortion (aOR 1.43, 95% CI 1.18-1.74). ConclusionPrevious pregnancy loss was found to be an independent risk factor for stillbirth, irrespective of the number of prior deliveries. Spontaneous abortion assessed as a part of pregnancy history was found to be an independent risk factor for stillbirth.
  • Piñeiro-Ramos, José David; Rahkonen, Otto; Korpioja, Virpi; Quintás, Guillermo; Pihkala, Jaana; Pitkänen-Argillander, Olli; Rautiainen, Paula; Andersson, Sture; Kuligowski, Julia; Vento, Máximo (2021)
    Transposition of the great arteries (TGA) is one of the most common cyanotic congenital heart diseases requiring neonatal surgical intervention. Parallel circulations that result in impaired cerebral oxygen delivery already in utero may lead to brain damage and long-term neurodevelopmen-tal delay. Balloon atrial septostomy (BAS) is often employed to mix deoxygenated and oxygenated blood at the atrial level. However, BAS causes a sudden increase in arterial blood oxygenation and oxidative stress. We studied changes in oxygen saturation as well as metabolic profiles of plasma samples from nine newborn infants suffering from TGA before and until 48 h after undergoing BAS. The plasma metabolome clearly changed over time and alterations of four metabolic pathways, including the pentose phosphate pathway, were linked to changes in the cerebral tissue oxygen extraction. In contrast, no changes in levels of lipid peroxidation biomarkers over time were ob-served. These observations suggest that metabolic adaptations buffer the free radical burst triggered by re-oxygenation, thereby avoiding structural damage at the macromolecular level. This study enhances our understanding of the complex response of infants with TGA to changes in oxygenation induced by BAS.
  • Konstantinopoulos, Panagiotis A.; da Costa, Alexandre Andre B. A.; Gulhan, Doga; Lee, Elizabeth K.; Cheng, Su-Chun; Hendrickson, Andrea E. Wahner; Kochupurakkal, Bose; Kolin, David L.; Kohn, Elise C.; Liu, Joyce F.; Stover, Elizabeth H.; Curtis, Jennifer; Tayob, Nabihah; Polak, Madeline; Chowdhury, Dipanjan; Matulonis, Ursula A.; Färkkilä, Anniina; D'Andrea, Alan D.; Shapiro, Geoffrey (2021)
    In a trial of patients with high grade serous ovarian cancer (HGSOC), addition of the ATR inhibitor berzosertib to gemcitabine improved progression free survival (PFS) compared to gemcitabine alone but biomarkers predictive of treatment are lacking. Here we report a candidate biomarker of response to gemcitabine versus combined gemcitabine and ATR inhibitor therapy in HGSOC ovarian cancer. Patients with replication stress (RS)-high tumors (n = 27), defined as harboring at least one genomic RS alteration related to loss of RB pathway regulation and/or oncogene-induced replication stress achieve significantly prolonged PFS (HR = 0.38, 90% CI, 0.17-0.86) on gemcitabine monotherapy compared to those with tumors without such alterations (defined as RS-low, n = 30). However, addition of berzosertib to gemcitabine benefits only patients with RS-low tumors (gemcitabine/berzosertib HR 0.34, 90% CI, 0.13-0.86) and not patients with RS-high tumors (HR 1.11, 90% CI, 0.47-2.62). Our findings support the notion that the exacerbation of RS by gemcitabine monotherapy is adequate for lethality in RS-high tumors. Conversely, for RS-low tumors addition of berzosertib-mediated ATR inhibition to gemcitabine is necessary for lethality to occur. Independent prospective validation of this biomarker is required. A randomized phase 2 study recently showed that the addition of ATR inhibitor berzosertib to gemcitabine improved PFS compared to gemcitabine alone in patients with ovarian cancer. In this preplanned exploratory study, the authors demonstrate that a genomic biomarker of replication-stress is associated with outcome to gemcitabine alone and may predict which patients benefit from addition of the ATR inhibitor berzosertib.
  • Koski, Tapio; Salmi, Heli; Keski-Nisula, Juho; Bille, Anders; Björnsson, Einar; Jessen, Casper; Forstholm, Ronnie; Lääperi, Mitja; Rautiainen, Paula (2022)
    Aim Early extubation after cardiac surgery shortens paediatric intensive care unit (PICU) length of stay (LOS) and decreases complications from mechanical ventilation (MV). We explored the duration of MV in Scandinavian paediatric heart centres. Methods We retrospectively reviewed the MV duration and PICU LOS of 696 children operated for atrial septal defect (ASD), ventricular septal defect (VSD), tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) or total cavopulmonary connection (TCPC) in four Scandinavian centres in 2015-2016. Neonates (n = 90) were included regardless of heart surgery type. Results Patients with ASD were extubated at a median of 3.25 h (interquartile range [IQR] 2.00-4.83), followed by patients with TCPC (median 5.00 h, IQR 2.60-16.83), VSD (median 7.00 h, IQR 3.69-22.25) and TOF (median 18.08 h, IQR 6.00-41.38). Neonates were not extubated early (median 94.42 h, IQR 45.03-138.14). Although MV durations were reflected in PICU LOS, this was not as apparent among those extubated within 12 h. The Swedish centres had shortest MV durations and PICU LOS. Extubation failed in 24/696 (3.4%) of patients. Conclusion Scandinavian paediatric heart centres differed in the duration of postoperative MV. Deferring extubation up to 12 h postoperatively did not markedly prolong PICU LOS.
  • Kulmala, Juha-Pekka; Haakana, Piia K; Nurminen, Jussi; Ylitalo, Elina M; Niemelä, Tuula; Marttinen Rossi, Essi; Mäenpää, Helena; Piitulainen, Harri (2022)
    Healthy people can walk nearly effortlessly thanks to their instinctively adaptive gait patterns that tend to minimize metabolic energy consumption. However, the economy of gait is severely impaired in many neurological disorders such as stroke or cerebral palsy (CP). Moreover, self-selected asymmetry of impaired gait does not seem to unequivocally coincide with the minimal energy cost, suggesting the presence of other adaptive origins. Here, we used hemiparetic CP gait as a model to test the hypothesis that pathological asymmetric gait patterns are chosen to equalize the relative muscle efforts between the affected and unaffected limbs. We determined the relative muscle efforts for the ankle and knee extensors by relating extensor joint moments during gait to maximum moments obtained from all-out hopping reference test. During asymmetric CP gait, the unaffected limb generated greater ankle (1.36 +/- 0.15 vs 1.17 +/- 0.16 Nm/kg, p = 0.002) and knee (0.74 +/- 0.33 vs 0.44 +/- 0.19 Nm/kg, p = 0.007) extensor moments compared with the affected limb. Similarly, the maximum moment generation capacity was greater in the unaffected limb versus the affected limb (ankle extensors: 1.81 +/- 0.39 Nm/kg vs 1.51 +/- 0.34 Nm/kg, p = 0.033; knee extensors: 1.83 +/- 0.37 Nm/kg vs 1.34 +/- 0.38 Nm/kg, p = 0.021) in our force reference test. As a consequence, no differences were found in the relative efforts between unaffected and affected limb ankle extensors (77 +/- 12% vs 80 +/- 16%, p = 0.69) and knee extensors (41 +/- 17% vs 38 +/- 23%, p = 0.54). In conclusion, asymmetric CP gait resulted in similar relative muscle efforts between affected and unaffected limbs. The tendency for effort equalization may thus be an important driver of self-selected gait asymmetry patterns, and consequently advantageous for preventing fatigue of the weaker affected side musculature.
  • Immeli, Lotta; Mäkelä, Pauliina M.; Leskinen, Markus; Rinta-Koski, Olli-Pekka; Sund, Reijo; Andersson, Sture; Luukkainen, Päivi (2020)
    Aim We evaluated the nutrient intakes of very low birthweight (VLBW) infants weighing less than 1500 g and tested the hypothesis that using a triple-chamber parenteral nutrition (PN) solution, containing lipids, glucose and amino acids, would improve protein intake. Methods This retrospective cohort study comprised 953 VLBW infants born in 2005-2013 at a gestational age of less than 32 + 0/7 weeks and admitted to the neonatal care unit at Helsinki Children's Hospital, Finland. The infants were divided into four groups according their birth year and PN regime. Nutrient intakes were obtained from computerised medication administration records. Results In 2012-2013, when a triple-chamber PN solution was used, infants were more likely to reach the target parenteral protein intake of 3.5 g/kg/d, and reach it 3-7 days earlier, compared with infants who received individual PN or standard two-in-one PN solutions in 2005-2011. In addition, infants in the triple-chamber group had the highest median energy intake (90 kcal/kg/d) during the first week. They also had higher median protein intakes in weeks one, two and three (3.1, 3.4 and 3.7 g/kg/d) than infants born in 2005-2011 (P <.05). Conclusion Using a triple-chamber PN solution was associated with improved protein intake, and the protein target was more likely to be achieved.
  • Rekker, Kadri; Altmae, Signe; Suhorutshenko, Marina; Peters, Maire; Martinez-Blanch, Juan F.; Codoner, Francisco M.; Vilella, Felipe; Simon, Carlos; Salumets, Andres; Velthut-Meikas, Agne (2018)
    The endometrium undergoes extensive changes to prepare for embryo implantation and microRNAs (miRNAs) have been described as playing a significant role in the regulation of endometrial receptivity. However, there is no consensus about the miRNAs involved in mid-secretory endometrial functions. We analysed the complete endometrial miRNome from early secretory (pre-receptive) and mid-secretory (receptive) phases from fertile women and from patients with recurrent implantation failure (RIF) to reveal differentially expressed (DE) miRNAs in the mid-secretory endometrium. Furthermore, we investigated whether the overall changes during early to mid-secretory phase transition and with RIF condition could be reflected in blood miRNA profiles. In total, 116 endometrial and 114 matched blood samples collected from two different population cohorts were subjected to small RNA sequencing. Among fertile women, 91 DE miRNAs were identified in the mid-secretory vs. early secretory endometrium, while no differences were found in the corresponding blood samples. The comparison of mid-secretory phase samples between fertile and infertile women revealed 21 DE miRNAs from the endometrium and one from blood samples. Among discovered novel miRNAs, chr2_4401 was validated and showed up-regulation in the mid-secretory endometrium. Besides novel findings, we confirmed the involvement of miR-30 and miR-200 family members in mid-secretory endometrial functions.
  • Lajunen, Katariina; Kalliola, Satu; Kotaniemi-Syrjänen, Anne; Sarna, Seppo; Malmberg, L. Pekka; Pelkonen, Anna S.; Mäkelä, Mika J. (2018)
    Background: Asthma often begins early in childhood. However, the risk for persistence is challenging to evaluate. Objective: This longitudinal study relates lung function assessed with impulse oscillometry (IOS) in preschool children to asthma in adolescence. Methods: Lung function was measured with IOS in 255 children with asthma-like symptoms aged 4-7 years. Baseline measurements were followed by exercise challenge and bronchodilation tests. At age 12-16 years, 121 children participated in the follow-up visit, when lung function was assessed with spirometry, followed by a bronchodilation test. Asthma symptoms and medication were recorded by a questionnaire and atopy defined by skin prick tests. Results: Abnormal baseline values in preschool IOS were significantly associated with low lung function, the need for asthma medication, and asthma symptoms in adolescence. Preschool abnormal R5 at baseline (z-score >= 1.645 SD) showed 9.2 odds ratio (95% CI 2.7; 31.7) for abnormal FEV1/FVC, use of asthma medication in adolescence, and 9.9 odds ratio (95% CI 2.9; 34.4) for asthma symptoms. Positive exercise challenge and modified asthma-predictive index at preschool age predicted asthma symptoms and the need for asthma medication, but not abnormal lung function at teenage. Conclusion: Abnormal preschool IOS is associated with asthma and poor lung function in adolescence and might be utilised for identification of asthma persistence. (c) 2018 American College of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology. Published by Elsevier Inc.
  • EBMT Pediat Dis Working Party; Balduzzi, Adriana; Boenig, Halvard; Jaerisch, Andrea; Vettenranta, Kim (2021)
    Up to 40% of donor-recipient pairs in SCT have some degree of ABO incompatibility, which may cause severe complications. The aim of this study was to describe available options and survey current practices by means of a questionnaire circulated within the EBMT Pediatric Diseases Working Party investigators. Major ABO incompatibility (donor's RBCs have antigens missing on the recipient's cell surface, towards which the recipient has circulating isohemagglutinins) requires most frequently an intervention in case of bone marrow grafts, as immediate or delayed hemolysis, delayed erythropoiesis and pure red cell aplasia may occur. RBC depletion from the graft (82%), recipient plasma-exchange (14%) were the most common practices, according to the survey. Graft manipulation is rarely needed in mobilized peripheral blood grafts. In case of minor incompatible grafts (donor has isohemagglutinins directed against recipient RBC antigens), isohemagglutinin depletion from the graft by plasma reduction/centrifugation may be considered, but acute tolerability of minor incompatible grafts is rarely an issue. According to the survey, minor ABO incompatibility was either managed by means of plasma removal from the graft, especially when isohemagglutinin titer was above a certain threshold, or led to no intervention at all (41%). Advantages and disadvantages of each method are discussed.
  • Cardoso, M. J.; Biganzoli, L.; Rubio, I. T.; Leidenius, M.; Curigliano, G.; Cutuli, B.; Marotti, L.; Kovacs, T.; Wyld, L. (2019)
  • Haack, Tobias B.; Ignatius, Erika; Calvo-Garrido, Javier; Iuso, Arcangela; Isohanni, Pirjo; Maffezzini, Camilla; Lönnqvist, Tuula; Suomalainen, Anu; Gorza, Matteo; Kremer, Laura S.; Graf, Elisabeth; Hartig, Monika; Berutti, Riccardo; Paucar, Martin; Svenningsson, Per; Stranneheim, Henrik; Brandberg, Goran; Wedell, Anna; Kurian, Manju A.; Hayflick, Susan A.; Venco, Paola; Tiranti, Valeria; Strom, Tim M.; Dichgans, Martin; Horvath, Rita; Holinski-Feder, Elke; Freyer, Christoph; Meitinger, Thomas; Prokisch, Holger; Senderek, Jan; Wredenberg, Anna; Carroll, Christopher J.; Klopstock, Thomas (2016)
  • Wester, Tomas; Lilja, Helene Engstrand; Stenstrom, Pernilla; Pakarinen, Mikko (2017)
    Background. Serial transverse enteroplasty facilitates weaning from parenteral support in selected patients with short bowel syndrome, although repeated procedure is frequently required. Our aim was to evaluate the outcome of a series of patients after serial transverse enteroplasty and define predictors of repeated serial transverse enteroplasty and weaning off parenteral support. Methods. All children who underwent serial transverse enteroplasty at 4 Nordic pediatric surgery centers from 2004-2015 were included in this observational study. Data were collected from the patient records. The study was approved by the local ethics review boards. Results. Twenty-seven children with short bowel with initial median small bowel length of 26 cm (range, 10-100 cm) were included. Eleven patients had the ileocecal valve remaining. Serial transverse enteroplasty was performed at median age of 7.5 months (range, 0.9-224 months). Serial transverse enteroplasty made the small bowel 46% (0-233%) longer. Eleven patients (41 %) underwent a repeated serial transverse enteroplasty 12 months (1.0-72 months) later; 7 patients required additional operative procedures, but none were transplanted. At follow-up, 45.1 months (1.8-126 months) after the first serial transverse enteroplasty, 11 (41 %) patients needed parenteral support. The remaining 16 patients had been weaned off parenteral support. One patient had died. Absence of the ileocecal valve was the only factor, which predicted the need for a repeated serial transverse enteroplasty (odds ratio 16.7, 95 % confidence interval, 1.7-164.8, P =.007). No factor was identified predicting need for parenteral support at follow-up. Conclusion. A majority of children with short bowel syndrome can be weaned from parenteral support after serial transverse enteroplasty. The absence of the ileocecal valve predicts the need for a repeated serial transverse enteroplasty, which was required by 40% of the patients.
  • Kantomaa, Marko T.; Tikanmaki, Marjaana; Kankaanpaa, Anna; Vaarasmaki, Marja; Sipola-Leppanen, Marika; Ekelund, Ulf; Hakonen, Harto; Jarvelin, Marjo-Riitta; Kajantie, Eero; Tammelin, Tuija H. (2016)
    This study examined the association of education level with objectively measured physical activity and sedentary time in young adults. Data from the Finnish ESTER study (20092011) (n = 538) was used to examine the association between educational attainment and different subcomponents of physical activity and sedentary time measured using hip-worn accelerometers (ActiGraph GT1M) for seven consecutive days. Overall physical activity, moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA), light-intensity physical activity and sedentary time were calculated separately for weekdays and weekend days. A latent profile analysis was conducted to identify the different profiles of sedentary time and the subcomponents of physical activity. The educational differences in accelerometer-measured physical activity and sedentary time varied according to the subcomponents of physical activity, and between weekdays and weekend days. A high education level was associated with high MVPA during weekdays and weekend days in both sexes, high sedentary time during weekdays in both sexes, and a low amount of light-intensity physical activity during weekdays in males and during weekdays and weekend days in females. The results indicate different challenges related to unhealthy behaviours in young adults with low and high education: low education is associated with a lack of MVPA, whereas high education is associated with a lack of light-intensity physical activity and high sedentary time especially during weekdays.
  • Nurmi, Max O.; Pitkänen-Argillander, Olli; Räsänen, Juha; Sarkola, Taisto (2022)
    Introduction The aim of this study was to determine discrepancies in fetal congenital heart disease (CHD) diagnoses and anticipated early postnatal care and outcomes. Material and methods A retrospective review of 462 randomly selected cases (23% of all cases) referred to a fetal cardiac assessment during the second trimester (mean 26 weeks) at the Children's Hospital in Helsinki between October 2010 and December 2020. Discrepancy between prenatal and postnatal CHD case evaluations was assessed with independently provided cardiac severity and surgical complexity scores. Results In all, 250 cases, 181 CHD and 69 normal, with complete prenatal and postnatal live birth data as well as seven fetal autopsy reports available were included in the analysis. There were 12 false normal and seven false abnormal prenatal assessments. The prenatally anticipated level of early neonatal care was actualized in 62% and prostaglandin infusion in 95%. In total, 32.7% (84/257) cardiac severity scores were discrepant and in 12,4% (32/257) cases the discrepancies were considered significant (>= +/- 2 scores). Among significant discrepancies, CHD severity score was overestimated in 13 and underestimated in 19 in fetal assessment. Progression of CHD severity after mid-gestation and during early neonatal phase explained eight of 19 underestimated fetal assessments. The most common discrepant diagnostic categories included ventricular septal defects (n = 7), borderline ventricles (n = 7; 5 left heart, 1 right heart and 1 double outlet right ventricle/transposition of the great arteries), arch anomalies including coarctations (n = 5) and tricuspid valve dysplasias (n = 4) with a significant change in postnatal diagnoses and treatment. Conclusions Although fetal CHD diagnosis and counseling is accurate and reliable in general, the study elaborates specific areas of uncertainty in clinical fetal cardiology practice that may be important to consider in fetal CHD evaluation and counseling provided in mid-gestation.