Browsing by Subject "Norja"

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Now showing items 21-31 of 31
  • Johnsen, Øystein; Apeland, Inger (Suomen metsätieteellinen seura, 1988)
  • Juntunen, Maija-Liisa; Mäkinen, Pekka; Vik, Tore; Engsås, Jan; Gustafsson, Lennart; Theilby, Frans (Suomen metsätieteellinen seura, 1985)
  • Kiryluk, Halina; Glińska, Ewa; Ryciuk, Urszula; Vierikko, Kati; Rollnik-Sadowska, Ewa (Public Library of Science, 2021)
    PLoS ONE 16: 6, e0253166
    Stakeholder participation is particularly important when dealing with mobility problems in touristic remote areas, in which there is a need to find sustainable solutions to increase transport accessibility. However, the literature lacks research linking the issues of establishing stakeholder groups with the most desirable level of involvement and methods ensuring involvement on the indicated level. The aim of the paper is to fill this gap on example of project dedicated to six Baltic Sea Regions. In the first stage key stakeholder groups were identified, then different methods and tools were proposed depending on levels of engagement of given group of stakeholders on solving the problems of local mobility. Two research methods were implemented–the case study and the content analysis of documents. The results of the research point to the existence of five key groups of stakeholders interested in solving transport problems of touristic remote areas: authorities, business and service operators, residents, visitors and others (like experts and NGOs). Among the five–authorities and business representatives–should be to a higher degree engaged. However, the main conclusion is that engagement local government units, when developing their own, long-term strategies for social participation, should adapt the selection of participation methods and techniques to a specific target group and the desired level of their involvement so as to include stakeholders in the co-decision processes as effectively as possible and achieve effective regional co-management.
  • Stebel, Kerstin; Christiansen, Guttorm; Derome, John; Grekelä, Ilona (Lapland Regional Environment Centre, 2007)
    The Finnish Environment 6/2007
    The main threat to aquatic and terrestrial environments in the joint Norwegian, Finnish and Russian border area is the neighbouring Pechenganikel industrial complex, located on the Kola Peninsula in NW Russia. Emissions from the complex comprise extremely high levels of sulphur dioxide, and particulate material containing a wide range of toxic heavy metals, primarily copper and nickel. The aim of the report is to give an overall view of the current state of the environment, and on changes that have taken place in recent years, in the border area, primarily in the Paz River basin. This publication includes summarized information about air quality and deposition, water quality and the state of aquatic ecosystems in the Inari-Paz watercourse and a number of small lakes, as well as the state of terrestrial ecosystems. In addition, the report presents specific recommendations for future monitoring activities in the Norwegian, Finnish and Russian border area. The results of the studies carried out in this project, as well as the results of earlier national monitoring and scientific research projects, were used to develop a joint monitoring programme for the three countries. There are signs of a slight recovery in the condition of aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems in some parts of the area due to the reduction of sulphur dioxide emissions from the smelters during the past two decades. However, the sulphur dioxide and heavy metal emissions are still excessive and are continuing to have major effects on the environment. The impact of sulphur deposition was clearly evident up to tens of kilometres from the smelters. Even though heavy metal concentrations in many of the plant and aquatic components of the ecosystems decrease relatively sharply with increasing distance from the smelters, the accumulation of pollutants in the ecosystems is continuing. The effects of emissions from the Pechenganikel are most clearly evident in the Paz watercourse, which receives pollutants through the direct discharge of wastewater from the mines and smelter complex as well as via atmospheric deposition. A future joint trilateral monitoring programme is based on the most sensitive indicators highlighted in the present studies in order to be able to follow future changes in the environment under variable pollution levels.
  • Lehti, Martti Mikael; Sirén, Reino (2020)
    The article explores the statistical association between annual alcohol consumption and homicide mortality in Finland, Sweden and Norway from the early 19th century to 2013. The results show statistically significant impacts on overall and male homicide mortality in Finland and on male homicide mortality in Sweden. In Norway, we found no significant impacts. The results suggest that changes in the level of alcohol consumption have had a stronger impact on homicide rates in Finland, characterized by a heavier drinking culture, than in Norway or Sweden. The strength of the association between alcohol consumption and homicide levels seems also to vary over time and to be conditioned by economic and socio-political factors.
  • Aro, Paavo (Suomen metsätieteellinen seura, 1949)
  • Välikangas, Katariina (Ympäristöministeriö, 2009)
    Suomen ympäristö 13/2009
    Tarvitaanko ikääntyneille uudenlaisia asumisratkaisuja? Tulevina vuosina ikääntyvien määrän kasvu haastaa sekä asumisen suunnittelun että olemassa olevan asuntokannan kehittämisen. Esiin nousevat kysymykset ikääntyneiden haluamasta elämänlaadusta ja heille mieluisista asumisratkaisuista. Kuinka Suomessa voitaisiin varautua ikääntyneiden asumiseen kohdistuviin haasteisiin? Selvityksessä tarkastellaan, miten ikäspesifejä eli laitoshoidon ja tavanomaisten asuntojen väliin sijoittuvia asumisratkaisuja toteutetaan Ruotsissa, Norjassa, Tanskassa ja Hollannissa. Ikääntyvien asumisen kehittämisen valtakunnallisia linjauksia, asumista koskevaa ohjeistusta ja rahoitusratkaisuja sekä kuntien toimia välimuotoisessa asumisessa käydään läpi. Yhtenä näkökulmana asumisratkaisujen tarkastelussa on Aging-in-Place -ajattelu asumisen ja asuinympäristöjen sekä ikääntyvän hyvinvoinnin ja tarvelähtöisen hoivan kehittämisessä. Tällä korostetaan asuinaluekohtaisia toimintamalleja ja kotona asumisen tukemista tarvittavien palvelu- ja asumisratkaisujen avulla. Mukana on myös esimerkkejä erilaisista asumisratkaisuista. Näiden maiden esimerkkien pohjalta arvioidaan kehittämishaasteita ja tehdään ehdotuksia ikääntyneiden asumisen kehittämiseksi Suomessa.
  • Juvonen, Sanna-Kaisa; Kuhmonen, Anna (Finnish Environment Institute, 2015)
    Доклады Института Окружающей Среды Финляндии 37py/2013 - Reports of the Finnish Environment Institute 37ru/2013
    В отчете представлены результаты оценки состояния системы особо охраняемых природных территорий (ООПТ) в странах, областях и автономных республиках, входящих в Баренцев Евро-Арктический регион. В качестве инструмента были использованы четыре элемента Программы работы с ООПТ (PoWPA) в составе Конвенции о Биологическом разнообразии (КБР), цель которой – остановить процесс утраты биологического разнообразия к 2020 году. Работа являлась составной частью проекта «Сеть ООПТ Баренц-региона» (BPAN), в котором принимали участие представители правительств, региональных администраций, научно-исследовательских институтов и негосударственных природоохранных организаций Норвегии, Швеции, Финляндии и Северо-Запада России. Цель проекта – способствовать созданию репрезентативной сети ООПТ Баренц-региона, чтобы сохранить биоразнообразие таежной и арктической природы, в первую очередь лесов и водно-болотных угодий. Схема отчетов по оценке работы по программе PoWPA была упрощена и модифицирована для того, чтобы сделать ее практически выполнимой для оценки состояния систем ООПТ в каждой стране, области или республике, входящей в Баренц-регион. Она позволила выяснить, в каких аспектах работы был достигнут прогресс, и какие аспекты нуждаются в доработке. Это послужило основой для подготовки рекомендаций для дальнейших действий по укреплению системы ООПТ в Баренц-регионе в целом. Был выработан общий язык при обсуждении и сравнении систем ООПТ между отдельными регионами, и в каждом их них смогли оценить достижения и недостатки своих систем ООПТ в сравнении с соседними. Система существующих и планируемых к созданию в Баренц-регионе ООПТ находится в состоянии развития. В течение последних лет были созданы несколько новых ООПТ. Вместе с тем, для достижения задач КБР по сохранению биоразнообразия, сформулированных в Айчи, требуются дальнейшие усилия по укреплению системы ООПТ. In this report, results of a regional evaluation on protected areas in the Barents Region are presented. The evaluation was made using the Programme of Work on Protected Areas (PoWPA) of the Convention on Biological Diversity as a framework. The Convention on Biological Diversity aims to halt the loss of biodiversity by 2020. The work was done as a part of the Barents Protected Area Network (BPAN) project by national and regional authorities, scientific institutes and nature conservation nongovernmental organisations from Norway, Sweden, Finland and northwest Russia. The aim of the project is to promote the establishment of a representative protected area network in the Barents Euro-Arctic Region to conserve biodiversity of boreal and arctic nature, particularly forests and wetlands. The PoWPA national reporting framework was modified and simplified to make it more suitable to be used as a tool for analysis of the protected area network in the Barents Region. It was used especially to see in which PoWPA goals and targets the Barents Region as a whole had made progress, and in which there was need for further work, and thus make recommendations for future actions in the Region. This enabled also the individual regions to assess in which goals and targets their region had made progress and in which there was need for further development. The reporting framework also provided a common language for interregional discussions and comparisons. A network of existing and planned protected areas is under development in the Barents Region. New protected areas have been established in recent years. However, strong efforts are still needed for strengthening the network of protected areas in order to reach the internationally agreed Aichi Biodiversity Targets.