Browsing by Subject "narrative"

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Now showing items 21-26 of 26
  • Heikkilä, Eino (2020)
    Ethnography is not just a literary description of a social group or culture, it’s also writing about the researcher him/herself. In this article an ethnographer as a storyteller refers to a point of view, where the researcher as the narrator of an ethnography tells an informative, evocative story of his/her fieldwork and the dialogue between him/her and research subjects. Analysing ethnography as a written narrative indicates that researcher’s roles as the author and narrator of the text should be taken into account when evaluating ethnographic knowledge in our time.
  • Heimo, Lauri; Syväterä, Jukka (2022)
    More than 60 countries have implemented a conditional cash transfer (CCT) program. The predominant CCT narrative begins from programs created in Mexico and Brazil in the mid-1990s. The literature concerned with CCTs tends to take this narrative as a given. In this article, we examine the role of international organizations (IOs) in the global governance of social policy by exploring the use of narratives as a strategy IOs employ to claim and generate legitimacy for global policy models. We investigate how the World Bank, the Inter-American Development Bank, and the International Food Policy Research Institute have discursively constructed the CCT model in their policy documents and thus crafted the CCT narrative. Our analysis sheds light on 'ghost-writing' i.e., the IOs practice of concealing their central role in writing scripts for policy models. Thus, our case adds a novel aspect to the existing scholarship on the global proliferation of policies.
  • Rantapelkonen, Jari (2005)
    The narrative leadership of world politics presented by President George W. Bush in the form of 'war on terror' meta-narrative fulfils the objects of the thesis describing how President Bush is seeing and experiencing the world, and what is the role of information technology in it. The research target to deal with President Bush's speeches becomes more understandable when the thesis constitutes the narrative questions of language such as descriptions, prescription and technological language games Bush tells about the world politics. The thesis uses political philosophy as a context for a narrative analysis. I will use a dromos as part of the political philosophy methodology focusing on the narrative approach. Deconstruction will rely on Jean-Francois Lyotard’s analyses on narratives and Paul Virilio's discussions on tendencies of information technology to serve as a condition for interpretation and understanding. From this perspective relation between Bush's narratives and local realities, intentions and practices, actual and virtual, knowledge and information that are present in world politics can be asked. The study is therefore more about philosophy of (information) war in a world than traditional textual analysis of speeches as it looks into the phenomenon of war in world politics and its practices. This is a way how we can understand Bush's security narratives on terror and information technology constructing a world and world politics. The thesis links two phrases to the 'war on terror' meta-narrative told to the Americans (Chapter 3) that are studied: the phrase 'take the battle to the enemy' directed to a technology oriented audience (Chapter 4) and 'this is a different kind of war' phrase directed to a military audience (Chapter 5). All these three phrases define fundamentally Bush's presidency and are the key for generally understanding Bush's 'war on terror' meta-narrative. The relationship between U.S. national security and information technology will be explicitly studied in the thesis in a way that questions the phrase 'take the battle to the enemy' as not only a challenge to world politics, but also a challenge to Americans themselves in their home country. The thesis's look into to the narrative's relationship to information, knowledge and information technology will suggest how the phrase 'this is a different kind of war' and the images are powerful "weapons" in the current era of information warfare for the President. At the same time it will be shown how problematic the President's phrase relying on speed, performance and efficiency is when seen from somewhere other than the 'bully pulpit'. The final part of the thesis considers and comes back to some of the questions and answers raised throughout the study concerning President Bush's meta-narrative, deconstructing it and returning to relevant security questions in order to further understand the "war on terror" meta-narrative. President's narratives with phrases of war reveal the differend existing between President's meta-narrative and locally experienced little narratives, which reflect the nature of world politics and relativity of war. The thesis also discusses implicitly how challenging it is in the information age to direct speeches to a specific audience, when messages travel across the world from one culture to another as meaning of phrases become meaningful in particular situations. The thesis suggests that President Bush's meta-narrative on 'war on terror' reflects more a narrative power than actual power to free world politics from problems such as terror. In practice, this shows how power of information technology has not been able to solve the problems of terror, but in many ways powerless. Actually use of information technology has enhanced to blur political problems of terror. President Bush's narrative leadership is very much paradoxical in nature as freedom demands restrictions, justice demands injustice, and information superiority demands more information technology. The study argues that it is the paradox that makes President George W. Bush's narrative leadership more understandable, which fulfills the perpetual American dream of freedom. One can ask is the 'war on terror' meta-narrative the ethical way America engages and wants to engage with the world in practice and wage information wars.
  • Korkman, Elsa (Helsingin yliopisto, 2021)
    The thesis studies the European anti-trafficking framework, comprehending relevant EU and Council of Europe instruments, and the narrative of trafficking that it creates. The aim of the thesis is to identify the assumptions and the imagery of trafficking upon which the framework is formed as well as the exclusions and blind spots that these assumptions create. The thesis analyses the legal framework by adopting a critical feminist methodology. It studies assumptions concerning gender and migration in the trafficking narrative by first focusing on a linkage between trafficking and prostitution policies, then on a linkage between trafficking and migration and finally on connections between trafficking and other forms of gender-based violence. Assumptions of what trafficking is are produced through linkages, and sometimes lacks of linkages, between these frameworks. The thesis argues that trafficking is assumed to involve organized criminal groups trafficking migrant women to the sex industry and forced prostitution. Trafficking is combated as a form of organized crime, and legal instruments are based on this assumption. The anti-trafficking framework is also linked to migration policies as trafficking is understood as a form of irregular migration, contributing to a focus on transnational trafficking. In addition, the understanding of trafficking is marred by a debate on the nature and potential harmfulness of prostitution which has been among the most controversial issues of the anti-trafficking framework. The role of the sex industry and prostitution is thus at the focus in the debated narrative of trafficking. As the narrative of trafficking focuses on some experiences, it forgets others. Victims of trafficking taking place within romantic relationships are excluded from the narrative of trafficking, as the relational nature of trafficking remains invisible due to a focus on organized crime. Domestic trafficking victims often remain unidentified as well, as the anti-trafficking framework focuses on transnational trafficking. As the question of prostitution takes space in legal discourses around the anti-trafficking framework, other forms of trafficking for the purpose of sexual exploitation remain unidentified and under-analyzed. A more inclusive narrative of trafficking would be beneficial for the identification of victims. In addition to being conceptualized as a question of migration and organized crime, trafficking should be understood in more relational terms, as a form of gender-based violence with connections to other such crimes. Trafficking should altogether be understood as a complex phenomenon that can take many forms and needs to be combated in multiple ways, as generalizing assumptions are too often counterproductive and based on political motives instead of empirical analysis.
  • Mikkonen, Kai (Routledge, 2017)
    Routledge Advances in Comics Studies
    By placing comics in a lively dialogue with contemporary narrative theory, The Narratology of Comic Art builds a systematic theory of narrative comics, going beyond the typical focus on the Anglophone tradition. This involves not just the exploration of those properties in comics that can be meaningfully investigated with existing narrative theory, but an interpretive study of the potential in narratological concepts and analytical procedures that has hitherto been overlooked. This research monograph is, then, not an application of narratology in the medium and art of comics, but a revision of narratological concepts and approaches through the study of narrative comics. Thus, while narratology is brought to bear on comics, equally comics are brought to bear on narratology.
  • Kylkilahti, Eliisa Aune Maria; Autio, Minna Maarit (2018)
    Young consumers hold an iconic position in post-industrial cultures. In spite of youth idealization in consumer culture, we know little of how youth is situated in everyday interactions in service culture. In our study, we focus on age-related power structures in service encounters. We argue that customer service interaction is built on the norm of an adult order; that is, to achieve an appreciated position as a customer, young people are required to act like middle-aged' consumers. To gain recognition, young consumers use resistance tactics: They create co-performing teams together with adults and modify their own performance towards adulthood by masking signs of youth. The findings suggest that young people may also resist the dominant adult order; laughter and smiling express a strategy that re-positions adults into a less powerful position in the service environment. The study shows that young and adult categories in service interaction are constantly under re-negotiation.