Browsing by Subject " secondary"

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  • Karimi, Mohsen; Nilsson, Christer; Dimitriou, Marios; Jansson, Monika; Matsson, Hans; Unneberg, Per; Lehmann, Soren; Kere, Juha; Hellstrom-Lindberg, Eva (2015)
  • Laitinen, A.; Hagström, J.; Mustonen, H.; Kokkola, A.; Tervahartiala, T.; Sorsa, T.; Böckelman, C.; Haglund, C. (2018)
    Despite gastric cancer being rare nowadays in Western countries, it remains one of the leading causes of cancer death worldwide. The course of the disease varies, so the individual gastric cancer patient’s prognosis is difficult to determine. The need for new biomarkers is crucial. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prognostic value of serum matrix metalloproteinase-8, serum tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1, and tissue matrix metalloproteinase-8 in patients with gastric cancer. Preoperative serum samples from 233 patients with gastric cancer were retrospectively analyzed. Serum levels of matrix metalloproteinase-8 were analyzed with immunofluorometric assay, and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 levels were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. We also determined the tissue expression of matrix metalloproteinase-8 in 276 gastric cancer samples by immunohistochemistry. Survival data and death causes came from patient records, the Population Register Center of Finland, and Statistics Finland. Patients with a low (131 ng/mL) serum matrix metalloproteinase-8 level had a considerably unfavorable prognosis (p = 0.002). Those patients with a high (≥170 ng/mL) serum tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 level also had a poor prognosis (p <0.001), and the latter remained significant in multivariable analysis (hazard ratio = 1.85; 95% confidence interval: 1.26–2.72; p = 0.002). The molar ratio of serum matrix metalloproteinase-8 and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 levels with low (0.30) molar ratios predicted a worse prognosis (p = 0.020). Tissue matrix metalloproteinase-8 did not influence prognosis. These results suggest that serum matrix metalloproteinase-8, tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1, and the ratio of matrix metalloproteinase-8/ tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 may prove useful biomarkers for prediction of prognosis in patients with gastric cancer. © The Author(s) 2018.