Browsing by Subject "1ST RECORD"

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  • Macêdo, Rafael Lacerda; Sampaio Franco, Ana Clara; Russo, Philip; Collart, Tim; Mammola, Stefano; Jeppesen, Erik; Castelo Branco, Christina Wyss; dos Santos, Luciano Neves; Rocha, Odete (2021)
    Global inland water biodiversity is under mounting stress facing future scenarios of climate change, biological invasions, pollution, diversion, damming of rivers, and increase of water abstractions. Apart from having isolated effects, all these stressors threats act synergistically and thus pose additional emerging threats to biodiversity and ecosystem services. Native to Northern Europe, the nuisance and potential toxic dinoflagellate Ceratium furcoides (Levander) Langhans 1925 is a silent invader that blooms in freshwater systems; it has one of the most rapid spread rates globally. We propose a framework to determine the worldwide most vulnerable areas for the invasion by C. furcoides shortly (2041-2060) by combining future scenarios of climate change (a proxy for invasiveness) derived from ecological niche models with future dam construction data (a proxy for invasibility). The nine models applied in four future scenarios of greenhouse gas emission from Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 6 showed a general increase in areas suitable for the invasion success of C. furcoides. High susceptibility overlapped with areas densely occupied by large and medium-size dams and future dam construction projects. Considering that C. furcoides can reproduce from a single cell, produces resistant stages, and has several strategies to cope with local environmental constraints, early detection protocols, and mitigation actions are urgently needed to avoid biodiversity declines related to this invader.
  • Jansen, Stephanie; Heitmann, Anna; Lühken, Renke; Jöst, Hanna; Helms, Michelle; Vapalahti, Olli; Schmidt-Chanasit, Jonas; Tannich, Egbert (2018)
    The invasive mosquito species Aedes japonicus japonicus (Ae. japonicus) is widely distributed in Central Europe and is a known vector of various arboviruses in the laboratory, including flaviviruses such as Japanese Encephalitis virus or West Nile virus. However, the vector competence of Ae. japonicus for the recently emerging Zika virus (ZIKV) has not been determined. Therefore, field-caught Ae. japonicus from Germany were orally infected with ZIKV and incubated at 21, 24, or 27 degrees C to evaluate the vector competence under climate conditions representative of the temperate regions (21 degrees C) in the species' main distribution area in Europe and of Mediterranean regions (27 degrees C). Aedes japonicus was susceptible to ZIKV at all temperatures, showing infection rates between 10.0% (21 degrees C) and 66.7% (27 degrees C). However, virus transmission was detected exclusively at 27 degrees C with a transmission rate of 14.3% and a transmission efficiency of 9.5%. Taking into account the present distribution of Ae. japonicus in the temperate regions of Central Europe, the risk of ZIKV transmission by the studied Ae. japonicus population in Central Europe has to be considered as low. Nevertheless, due to the species' vector competence for ZIKV and other mosquito-borne viruses, in combination with the possibility of further spread to Mediterranean regions, Ae. japonicus must be kept in mind as a potential vector of pathogens inside and outside of Europe.