Browsing by Subject "517 Political science"

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Now showing items 1-20 of 486
  • Gel'man, Vladimir; Travin, Dmitrii (2013)
    The article aimed to explain changes of agenda of the Russian modernization in the late twentieth century through the impact of generation changes. While in 1985-1991 the generation of "sixtiers" pursuit their ideational priorities of political liberalization but paid less attention to economic reforms, in 1991-1998 the generation of "seventiers" focused on economic reforms rather than on democratization due to its ideational priorities
  • Gel'man, Vladimir (Издательство Европейского университета в Санкт-Петербурге, 2019)
    препринты Центра исследований модернизации Европейского университета в Санкт-Петербурге
  • Gelman, Vladimir (Издательство Европейского университета в Санкт-Петербурге, 2019)
  • Minkkinen, Panu (Edinburgh University Press, 2020)
  • Palonen, Emilia (Brill, 2018)
    Europeran Studies
    This chapter explores the cases of two generations of Budapest School through Georg Lukács and Ágnes Heller as transnational intellectuals, and by doing so, investigates from a post-foundational perspective the articulation of Europe through practices. What emerges isa Europe both imagined and physical, divided and asymmetrical. Crucially, it comesabout through its own limits.Taking issue with two left-wing theorists recently demonized in Hungary, thechapter also discusses how the national, the European,and the global are intertwined: the simple opposition of national and cosmopolitan sometimes assumeddoes not hold. The Budapest School, emigrating from Hungary in the 1970s, was established as a conscious effort globally. Here the roles of Ferenc Fehér and Ivan Szelényi were crucial for the emergence of the School as an international node for Western Marxist theory from the East, which challenged the division of East and West during the Cold War era.The chapter invites us to reflect upon the conscious strategies of academic branding, power structures, and personal experience of getting possibilities to cross frontiers, and ponder the asymmetries that continue to have positive and negative impacts on European and global academic life. They generate alternative centers of knowledge but also impede the free exploration of new worlds. Georg Lukács, Ágnes Heller, Ivan Szelényi, Budapest School, intellectuals, Europe
  • Heusala, Anna-Liisa; Koistinen, Jarmo (2018)
    The article illuminates the dynamics of bilateral cross-border cooperation between two vastly different legal-administrative partners. The analysis utilizes empirical findings of a case study on bilateral Finnish–Russian crime prevention cooperation. Currently, both the differences in national legislations and the fast-changing administrative environment make this cooperation challenging. The case study showed that bilateral cooperation, which is the dominant form of cooperation between EU member states and Russia, is currently affected by disjointed and even competing multilateral and bilateral structures, differences in criminal law and procedure, gaps between international treaties and national legislation, local and regional variations of practices, weak institutional trust and abrupt policy changes. The results indicate that the effectiveness of cross-border networks cannot be assessed strictly in terms of quantitative outcomes. Further long-term development of the cooperation requires both realistic understanding of legal-administrative constraints and strong commitment at the national and supranational political levels.
  • Nelimarkka, Matti; Rancy, Jean Philippe; Grygiel, Jennifer; Semaan, Bryan (2019)
    Social Media platforms are increasingly being used for political activities and communication, and research suggests that social media design and use is contributing to the polarization of the public sphere. This study draws on Habermas' ideals concerning deliberative democracy to explore if novel interface designs that diversify information sources through content recommendation, can decrease polarization. Through a design-probe interview approach and insights generated from 19 political and citizen experts in Finland and the United States, we found that our deliberative design can lead to depolarization, while creating additional complexity through which users question content and information. We discuss the need to move beyond naive content recommendation, and user interface level changes, in order to work towards a depolarized public sphere.
  • Gel'man, Vladimir (2016)
  • Gelman, Vladimir (German Association for East European Studies, 2018)
    Russian Analytical Digest
  • Vásquez Reyna, Hernán Darío (2016)
  • Hakala, Emma; Lähde, Ville; Majava, Antti; Toivanen, Tero; Váden, Tere; Järvensivu, Paavo; Eronen, Jussi T. (2019)
    Despite an increasing recognition that environmental change may have implications for security, there only are few policies to address the issue. This article will look at environmental security policies in Finland and Sweden and propose ways to develop more effective measures. It relies on a three-level framework that aims to enable the identification of environmental security impacts by categorising them into local, geopolitical and structural ones. The article will examine present environmental security strategies and policies in Finland and Sweden, consider their efficacy for addressing various kinds of impacts and point out approaches that are currently missing. Based on the discussion, it argues that a comprehensive policy approach is needed to tackle environmental security impacts. This requires closer coordination and interchange between sectors as well as strategic intent. In addition, further research is needed on the structural impacts of mitigating and adapting to environmental change.
  • Autio-Sarasmo, Sari (Parliament of Finland, Committee for the Future, 2014)
    Publication of the Committee for the Future
  • Patomäki, Heikki Olavi (2018)
  • Chen, Yu-Wen (2015)
    Using Kazakhstan as an example, this research note seeks to ad- dress an empirical gap in the understanding of Central Asian perspectives on the rise of China. Theoretically, this article adheres to the constructivist argument in international relations that, to understand the influence of China’s rise on world politics, a pure measurement of China’s political, economic, and military power is insufficient. What truly matters is how China views itself in the world order and how other countries perceive and interpret China’s global position when forming their foreign policy strategies toward China. Asian Barometer and Afrobarometer contain similar instruments that are used to measure East Asian, South Asian, and African perspectives on China’s rise. This research note suggests the adoption of similar survey instruments to explore how China is received in Central Asia. We present the results of a pilot test that was conducted in Kazakhstan, where we found that members of the future elites are generally positive about the rise of China. This pattern is not surprising, because future elites in nondemocratic countries tend to incorporate national interests into their value systems. Given the limited scale of the survey, the findings cannot be regarded as definitive; however, they suggest directions for further research. Finally, the matter of how to improve the survey instruments is discussed in the conclusion.
  • Nelimarkka, Matti (2019)
    We present a review of 80 papers representing efforts to support participation in democratic decision-making mostly related to local or national governments. The papers were published in leading human–computer interaction (SIGCHI conferences) venues. Most of this literature represents attempts to support assembly- oriented participation, wherein decisions are made through discussion, although referendum-type participation, involving decision-making based on voting, has gained attention too. Primarily, those papers addressing agenda-setting have examined organization-led forms, in which the agenda is controlled by those issuing the call for participation. Accordingly, the authors call for more research into support for representative models and participant-driven agenda-setting. Furthermore, the literature review pinpoints areas wherein further interdisciplinary engagement may be expected to improve research quality: in political science, HCI-informed methods and new ways of using physical input in participation merit more research, while, from the HCI side, cultivating closer relationships with political science concepts such as democratic innovations and calculus of voting could encourage reconsideration of the research foci. These observations speak to the benefits of a new research agenda for human–computer interaction research, involving different forms of participation, most importantly to address lack of engagement under the representative model of participation. Furthermore, in light of these findings, the paper discusses what type of interdisciplinary research is viable in the HCI field today and how political science and HCI scholars could usefully collaborate.
  • Vesa, Juho Antti; Kantola, Anu; Binderkrantz, Anne Skorkjaer (2018)
  • Kallio, Johanna; Lahtinen, Hannu; Wass, Hanna (2021)