Browsing by Subject "5201 Political History"

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  • Silvennoinen, Oula (2015)
    This article charts the history of fascism in Finland and looks for the causes of its failure. Like most of its European contemporaries, Finnish nationalism was radicalized in similar processes which produced successful fascist movements elsewhere. After the end of the Great War, Finnish nationalists were engaged first in a bitter civil war, and then in a number of Freikorps-style attempts to expand the borders of the newly-made Finnish state. Like elsewhere, these experiences produced a generation of frustrated and embittered, radicalized nationalists to serve as the cadre of Finnish fascist movements. The article concentrates on the Lapua movement, in which fascist influences and individuals were in a prominent position, even though the movement publicly adopted a predominantly conservative anti-communist outlook centred on the values of home, religion and fatherland.
  • Atrocity 
    Kotilainen, Noora (Brill, 2020)
  • Haara, Heikki Eerikki; Stuart-Buttle, Tim (2019)
    It is widely accepted that the seventeenth-century natural lawyers constructed the minimal requirement for social coordination between self-seeking individuals animated by the desire for self-preservation. On most interpretations, Grotius and his successors focused on the "perfect" duties (rules of justice) and had little to say about the "imperfect" duties of love and civility. This essay provides an alternative reading of post-Grotian natural law by reconstructing Pufendorf's and Locke's understanding of how the duties of civility and love might be realised in civil society. The essay argues that, for Pufendorf and Locke, the desire for esteem offers an explanation of how people recognize the content of the reciprocal duties of social morality and motivate themselves to act accordingly. The reconstruction of their views on the beneficial effects of esteem-seeking points towards a new interpretation of how, and why, philosophical interest in an economy of esteem and the social nature of the self emerged, prior to their treatment by eighteenth-century authors such as Hume and Smith.
  • Kotilainen, Noora (Brill, 2020)
  • Haara, Heikki (Eötvös University Press, 2020)
    Budapest Seminars in Early Modern Philosophy
  • Bergenheim, Sophy Maria Cecilia; Edman, Johan; Kananen, Johannes Kennet; Wessel, Merle (Routledge, 2018)
    Routledge Studies in Public Health
  • Tervonen, Miika; Pellander, Saara; Yuval-Davis, Nira (2018)
  • Laine, Veera (Helsinki University Press, 2021)
  • Tuori, Kaius Tapani (T & T Clark, 2019)
    Europe’s Legacy in the Modern World
  • Kortti, Jukka Petteri (2016)
    This article approaches Finnish documentary films as part of current history culture and ‘sense of history’. Through three examples of Finnish documentary films, it examines the relationship between history documentaries and academic history with reference to the modes of documentary filmmaking and to history theories. In analysing the films, the ‘orientation’ of the films as well as their ‘organization’ is of interest. The article is particularly interested in national history representations and media memory. It emphasizes the production context of the films. The article suggests that in order to understand history documentaries as a part of history culture means taking into consideration the particular history culture in question, the documentary tradition of a country, and, first of all, the production context of a documentary.
  • Bergenheim, Sophy (2020)
    This article examines how Väestöliitto, the Finnish Population and Family Welfare League, developed into a housing policy expert during the 1940s and 1950s. Through frame analysis, I outline how Väestöliitto constructed urbanisation and ‘barrack cities’, i.e. an urban, tenement-based environment, as a social problem and how, respectively, it framed ‘garden cities’ as a solution. In the 1940s, Väestöliitto promoted a national body for centralised housing policy and national planning. When the ARAVA laws (1949) turned out to be a mere financing system, Väestöliitto harnessed its expertise into more concrete action. In 1951, together with five other NGOs, Väestöliitto founded the Housing Foundation and embarked on a project for constructing a model city. This garden city became the residential suburb Tapiola. This marked a paradigm shift in Finnish town planning and housing policy, which had until then lacked a holistic and systematic approach. Along the 1940s–1950s, Väestöliitto thus constructed and developed its expertise from an influential interest organisation to a concrete housing policy actor.
  • Moll, Veera; Kuusi, Hanna (2021)
    Finnish children today enjoy a relatively high level of independent mobility. This article discusses how different urban planning professionals defined children's needs in a post-World War II Helsinki that was undergoing rapid urbanization, and how these discourses relate to childhood memories of the time. The emphasis on family by the planning professionals led to major changes in the city structure, including developed play areas, safer streets and shorter distances to schools. This study suggests that a dominant understanding of the importance of outdoor activities has contributed to the relatively stable level of independent mobility of the children in Helsinki.
  • Outinen, Sami (2020)
    In this article will be deconstructed the ideological development of the Swedish Social Democratic Party (SAP) and the Social Democratic Party of Finland (SDP). The SDP and SAP favoured democratic rational regulation of the economy by the state and worker organisations to optimise societal production costs from the 1920s onwards. This was in line with their identity of democratic socialism. It did not only mean a reformist relationship to capitalism, but also adapting to Kautskyanism, Austro-Marxism, “functional socialism” and logical empiricism. These ideas were complemented with a positive attitude towards the “mixed economy” and “markets” in the 1980s. The postmodern fragmenting of labour’s identity was compatible with the rise of faith in the market and the abandonment of Marxism by the SAP and the SDP by the end of the 20th Century. This happened after they had failed to introduce a New International Economic Order based on Keynesian democratic economic regulation.
  • Aaltonen, Jouko; Kortti, Jukka Petteri (2015)
    There has been a significant increase in the number of history programmes and documentary films about history shown on television since the 1990s. This is due to technological and institutional changes in international television but also to the wider commodification of history. The new technological means and approaches have also provided new opportunities for filmmakers in the field of history documentaries. In this article, we are interested in the role of history in television and documentary filmmaking in general, and in how developments in television and documentary filmmaking have affected the nature of historical documents on television. We are particularly interested in the relationship between history documentaries and academic historical research. What do these changes mean from the point of view of both academics and filmmakers? We approach the question from the standpoints of media practice and the concepts of truth and history culture. As a case study, we focus on the documentary film A Man from the Congo River (2010), directed by one of the writers.
  • Kangaspuro, Markku Veli; Lassila, Jussi Pekka (Palgrave Macmillan, 2017)