Browsing by Subject "615 History and Archaeology"

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Now showing items 1-20 of 667
  • Tandefelt, Henrika (2014)
    This article sets out to study the entanglement of different political, ideological and moral ideals and traditions in the Kingship of Gustav III, King of Sweden 1772–1792. Political thinking and practice in Eighteenth-Century Europe offered many elements and examples that different monarchs could apply in their own particular circumstances. Gustav III was one of the European Kings that openly supported the French enlightened thinkers fashioning himself as a Reformer-King. He was also very influenced by the French culture over all, and the culture of the traditional royal court in particular. In addition the Swedish political history with a fifty-year period of decreased royal power before the coup d’état of Gustav III in 1772 influenced how the European trends and traditions were put into practice. The article pursues to understand the way different elements were bound up together and put to action by the King in his coup d’état 1772, his law reforms in the 1770s and in the establishment of a court of appeal in the town Vasa in Ostrobothnia in 1776 and the ceremonial, pictorial and architectural projects linked to this.
  • Silvennoinen, Oula (2015)
    This article charts the history of fascism in Finland and looks for the causes of its failure. Like most of its European contemporaries, Finnish nationalism was radicalized in similar processes which produced successful fascist movements elsewhere. After the end of the Great War, Finnish nationalists were engaged first in a bitter civil war, and then in a number of Freikorps-style attempts to expand the borders of the newly-made Finnish state. Like elsewhere, these experiences produced a generation of frustrated and embittered, radicalized nationalists to serve as the cadre of Finnish fascist movements. The article concentrates on the Lapua movement, in which fascist influences and individuals were in a prominent position, even though the movement publicly adopted a predominantly conservative anti-communist outlook centred on the values of home, religion and fatherland.
  • Halmari, Helena; Kaukonen, Scott; Snellman, Hanna; Virtanen, Hilary-Joy (Journal of Finnish Studies, 2018)
    Journal of Finnish Studies
    In this introduction to the Journal of Finnish Studies theme issue entitled The Making of Finland: The Era of the Grand Duchy, the editors outline, in broad strokes, the years when Finland was part of Russia. The second part of the chapter consists of a discussion of the eight chapters that make up this article collection. The contributors approach the topic of the Grand Duchy of Finland from multiple—and even surprising—perspectives, showing how, in addition to the important cultural events that contributed to Finland’s quest for independence, ordinary aspects of daily life, such as food culture, were also part of this path, as was hunger, poverty, and illness.
  • Äikäs, Tiina; Fonneland, Trude; Thomas, Suzie; Perttola, Wesa; Kraft, Siv Ellen (Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2018)
  • Elmgren, Ainur (2021)
    The reception of the first generation of Finnish Tatars by representatives of the majority population in Finland, including state authorities, intellectuals, political movements and the press, shows that geopolitical circumstances and local interests outside the Tatars’ own power determined to what extent they were perceived as enemies or brothers-in-arms. Events such as the independence of Finland and the Bolshevik revolution in 1917 influenced public perceptions of Muslims in Finland. Minority spokespersons felt pressured to address mutual fears, justify their presence in Finland, and put the majority representatives at ease. This did not always succeed without ruffling feathers within their own communities. Behind the “success story” of the Finnish Tatars we find one and half a century of struggles that were not always happily resolved.
  • Luna-Fabritius, Adriana (2020)
    This article explores the scientific and historical foundations of the liberal language shared by all the kingdoms of the Spanish monarchy in the early-modern period. It builds a longue durée study from the theorization of legal and political practices from the 1650s and the Accademia degli Investiganti (1650-1668) to the constitutional debates of Cadiz (1810-1811). The study follows the discussions on human fallibility that allowed early-modern thinkers to delimit the action of the monarch and his magistrates by means of following their choices to build their theoretical models within the framework provided by their discussions on happiness and tyranny.
  • Svärd, Saana; Nissinen, Martti (Eisenbrauns, 2018)
  • Vierros, Marja Kaisa; Gagos, Traianos; Koenen, Ludwig (American center of oriental research, 2018)
    American Center of Oriental Research Publications
  • Vierros, Marja Kaisa; Lehtinen, Marjo Susanna (American center of oriental research, 2018)
    American Center of Oriental Research Publications
  • Nissinen, Laura Helena (Herbert Utz Verlag, 2013)
    Münchner Studien zur Alten Welt
  • Björklund, Heta; Pölönen, Janne (2019)
    This article uses citation analysis to track the citation patterns of works by Fritz Schulz, Paul Koschaker, Fritz Pringsheim, Franz Wieacker and Helmut Coing – key figures in the field of Roman law – and to see whether databases, such as Google Scholar and Web of Science, provide meaningful data that accurately reflects the popularity and influence of these works. The article also takes into account those limitations regarding the availability of the material, which include the language of the publications, as well as the research field.
  • Wessman, Anna; Thomas, Suzie; Rohiola, Ville; Kuitunen, Jutta; Ikkala, Esko; Tuominen, Jouni; Koho, Mikko; Hyvönen, Eero (CEUR Workshop Proceedings, 2019)
    CEUR Workshop Proceedings
  • Hill, Mark J.; Tolonen, Mikko (2021)
  • Poczai, Péter (Felsőbbfokú Tanulmányok Intézete, 2019)
  • Walker Vadillo, Veronica (2019)
    This article is an overview of the work that has been conducted so far on river usage and nautical technology in the history of Angkor, and a discussion on how maritime approaches can contribute to the creation of new knowledge by opening new lines of research that can help us reconstruct a more nuanced view of Angkor’s fluvial history. Although Angkor’s connection to the river network was made in the early 20th century, the compartmentalized studies that have been carried out so far on the subject of Angkor’s relationship to its watery environment have resulted in interpretations that do not reflect the complexity of the subject. It will be argued here that archaeologists who do not integrate maritime approaches in studies of cultures like SPAFA Journal Vol 3 (2019) A historiography of Angkor’s river network Angkor, where waterways play an important role in their environment, are likely to miss important aspects of fluvial cultures. By applying concepts such as the Maritime Cultural Landscape, it will be possible to push beyond the boundaries of terrestrial approaches and discover how the environmental conditions of cultures like Angkor– with river networks as the main means of communication – resulted in the development of specific cognitive and functional traits that gave form to fluvial cultural landscapes. An example of such an approach is offered as a conclusion in an analysis of masonry bridges in Angkor’s transport network.