Browsing by Subject "615 History and Archaeology"

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Now showing items 1-20 of 892
  • Tandefelt, Henrika (2014)
    This article sets out to study the entanglement of different political, ideological and moral ideals and traditions in the Kingship of Gustav III, King of Sweden 1772–1792. Political thinking and practice in Eighteenth-Century Europe offered many elements and examples that different monarchs could apply in their own particular circumstances. Gustav III was one of the European Kings that openly supported the French enlightened thinkers fashioning himself as a Reformer-King. He was also very influenced by the French culture over all, and the culture of the traditional royal court in particular. In addition the Swedish political history with a fifty-year period of decreased royal power before the coup d’état of Gustav III in 1772 influenced how the European trends and traditions were put into practice. The article pursues to understand the way different elements were bound up together and put to action by the King in his coup d’état 1772, his law reforms in the 1770s and in the establishment of a court of appeal in the town Vasa in Ostrobothnia in 1776 and the ceremonial, pictorial and architectural projects linked to this.
  • Silvennoinen, Oula (2015)
    This article charts the history of fascism in Finland and looks for the causes of its failure. Like most of its European contemporaries, Finnish nationalism was radicalized in similar processes which produced successful fascist movements elsewhere. After the end of the Great War, Finnish nationalists were engaged first in a bitter civil war, and then in a number of Freikorps-style attempts to expand the borders of the newly-made Finnish state. Like elsewhere, these experiences produced a generation of frustrated and embittered, radicalized nationalists to serve as the cadre of Finnish fascist movements. The article concentrates on the Lapua movement, in which fascist influences and individuals were in a prominent position, even though the movement publicly adopted a predominantly conservative anti-communist outlook centred on the values of home, religion and fatherland.
  • Halmari, Helena; Kaukonen, Scott; Snellman, Hanna; Virtanen, Hilary-Joy (Journal of Finnish Studies, 2018)
    Journal of Finnish Studies
    In this introduction to the Journal of Finnish Studies theme issue entitled The Making of Finland: The Era of the Grand Duchy, the editors outline, in broad strokes, the years when Finland was part of Russia. The second part of the chapter consists of a discussion of the eight chapters that make up this article collection. The contributors approach the topic of the Grand Duchy of Finland from multiple—and even surprising—perspectives, showing how, in addition to the important cultural events that contributed to Finland’s quest for independence, ordinary aspects of daily life, such as food culture, were also part of this path, as was hunger, poverty, and illness.
  • Seitsonen, Oula; Lundemo, Mari Olafson (2021)
    During the Second World War the frontal responsibility of northern Finland was held by German troops, who carried out large building projects to enhance the poor infrastructure of this peripheral region. This paper focuses on one of the biggest infrastructure projects performed by the Wehrmacht and Organisation Todt in Finland during the Second World War. The Hyrynsalmi-Kuusamo railway was to be built through a challenging landscape, by people who constantly overestimated their own abilities, and at the great expense and suffering of the workers who were mostly prisoners-of-war and forced labourers. Besides their own contemporary memories and experiences from this event, this construction project and its physical traces live in the local memories and have become part of the transgenerational heritage and remembrance of the war years. Using the wartime construction of the track as a starting point, this study goes on to map the heritage value, archaeological potential, and the state of research related to this German wartime project.
  • Äikäs, Tiina; Fonneland, Trude; Thomas, Suzie; Perttola, Wesa; Kraft, Siv Ellen (Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2018)
  • Elmgren, Ainur (2021)
    The reception of the first generation of Finnish Tatars by representatives of the majority population in Finland, including state authorities, intellectuals, political movements and the press, shows that geopolitical circumstances and local interests outside the Tatars’ own power determined to what extent they were perceived as enemies or brothers-in-arms. Events such as the independence of Finland and the Bolshevik revolution in 1917 influenced public perceptions of Muslims in Finland. Minority spokespersons felt pressured to address mutual fears, justify their presence in Finland, and put the majority representatives at ease. This did not always succeed without ruffling feathers within their own communities. Behind the “success story” of the Finnish Tatars we find one and half a century of struggles that were not always happily resolved.
  • Luna-Fabritius, Adriana (2020)
    This article explores the scientific and historical foundations of the liberal language shared by all the kingdoms of the Spanish monarchy in the early-modern period. It builds a longue durée study from the theorization of legal and political practices from the 1650s and the Accademia degli Investiganti (1650-1668) to the constitutional debates of Cadiz (1810-1811). The study follows the discussions on human fallibility that allowed early-modern thinkers to delimit the action of the monarch and his magistrates by means of following their choices to build their theoretical models within the framework provided by their discussions on happiness and tyranny.
  • Gasche, Malte; Prempain, Laurence (2022)
    In this article, the authors address the presence and societal impact of Romani people in the public spaces of the circus. The focus is on the French circus family Bouglione, originally Sinti from Italy, and their Wild West show performed in France and abroad from 1925 to 1934. As well as forming arenas for cultural transfer, circuses and similar exhibitions made entryways to exotic otherness. The remarkably successful exhibition brought the family both status and wealth, enabling the Bougliones to operate the Cirque d'Hiver (Winter Circus) in Paris, which continues to enjoy renown for having one of the most prestigious circus venues in the world. The authors' contribution examines how the Romani family carefully followed social phenomena and used their Wild West show not only to respond to a general interest in exotic exhibits but also to satisfy a contemporary desire for an anti-bourgeois lifestyle. Although the Wild West Show represented a financial undertaking for the Bougliones, it also strengthened the family's societal security.
  • Svärd, Saana; Nissinen, Martti (Eisenbrauns, 2018)
  • Vierros, Marja Kaisa; Gagos, Traianos; Koenen, Ludwig (American center of oriental research, 2018)
    American Center of Oriental Research Publications
  • Vierros, Marja Kaisa; Lehtinen, Marjo Susanna (American center of oriental research, 2018)
    American Center of Oriental Research Publications
  • Nissinen, Laura Helena (Herbert Utz Verlag, 2013)
    Münchner Studien zur Alten Welt
  • Björklund, Heta; Pölönen, Janne (2019)
    This article uses citation analysis to track the citation patterns of works by Fritz Schulz, Paul Koschaker, Fritz Pringsheim, Franz Wieacker and Helmut Coing - key figures in the field of Roman law - and to see whether databases, such as Google Scholar and Web of Science, provide meaningful data that accurately reflects the popularity and influence of these works. The article also takes into account those limitations regarding the availability of the material, which include the language of the publications, as well as the research field.
  • Wessman, Anna; Thomas, Suzie; Rohiola, Ville; Kuitunen, Jutta; Ikkala, Esko; Tuominen, Jouni; Koho, Mikko; Hyvönen, Eero (CEUR-WS.org, 2019)
    CEUR Workshop Proceedings
  • Holmqvist-Sipilä, Elisabeth; Ilves, Kristin (2022)
  • Hill, Mark J.; Tolonen, Mikko (2021)
  • Poczai, Péter (Felsőbbfokú Tanulmányok Intézete, 2019)