Browsing by Subject "6160 Other humanities"

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  • Halmari, Helena; Kaukonen, Scott; Snellman, Hanna; Virtanen, Hilary-Joy (Journal of Finnish Studies, 2018)
    Journal of Finnish Studies
    In this introduction to the Journal of Finnish Studies theme issue entitled The Making of Finland: The Era of the Grand Duchy, the editors outline, in broad strokes, the years when Finland was part of Russia. The second part of the chapter consists of a discussion of the eight chapters that make up this article collection. The contributors approach the topic of the Grand Duchy of Finland from multiple—and even surprising—perspectives, showing how, in addition to the important cultural events that contributed to Finland’s quest for independence, ordinary aspects of daily life, such as food culture, were also part of this path, as was hunger, poverty, and illness.
  • Briody, Mícheál (2014)
    In Ireland the creation of one of the world’s largest collections of oral traditions by the Irish Folklore Commission (1935−70) was intimately bound up with the declining fortunes of the Irish language as a spoken vernacular and the young independent Irish state’s efforts to revive that language. This paper deals not with the Trojan achievements of the Commission, but with certain criticisms of its work levelled against it by someone with impeccable Irish-language credentials and someone who was also steeped in the Irish-language oral tradition since childhood; namely the creative writer and intellectual Máirtín Ó Cadhain. In this paper I will outline some of Ó Cadhain’s criticisms of the work of the Irish Folklore Commission as well as place them in context.
  • Välimäki, Susanna (Routledge, 2020)
    In the 21st century, the development of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, intersexual, and queer rights has been remarkable in the Nordic countries. Though queering has always been central to pop music, music that deals explicitly with LGBTIQ issues has reached a new phase in this societal development. Recently, several songs dealing explicitly with queer life, written by queer-identified artists and allies, have made the Finnish mainstream pop music charts. In this chapter, I discuss four examples of Finnish contemporary mainstream pop that deal specifically with the experiences of LGBTIQ people: ‘Ihmisten edessä’ [In front of everyone] by Jenni Vartiainen (2007a); ‘Kavereita’ [Friends] by Sini Yasemin (2016); ‘Jokainen on vähän homo’ [Everyone’s a little bit gay] by Jukka Takalo (2010); and ‘Lätkäjätkä-Ville’ [Hockey guy Ville] by Tuure Boelius (2018). By combining queer musicology with societally activist music research, my aim is to analyse how these songs and accompanying music videos communicate LGBTIQ activist messages.
  • Andrews, Molly (2021)
    There are many aspects of Catherine Kohler Riessman’s narrative scholarship which have established her international reputation in the field. This contribution pays tribute to the role she has played as a mentor, both through her written work and in her practice. Mentoring, which is time-consuming and painstaking work, is a critical but widely unacknowledged aspect of scholarship, which is often portrayed as an individual endeavor, the accomplishment of the name or names which appear on the publications. The article argues that all scholars are part of a larger cycle, situated mid-stream, between those who have come before and those who will follow. There are many questions surrounding the meaning of mentorship: who should do it and who receive it; if and how it should be institutionalized, calibrated, and recognized; and more. Taking Riessman’s example as its focus, the article critically examines the importance of mentoring and its role in forming, sustaining, and nourishing community
  • McGillivray, Barbara; Hengchen, Simon; Lähteenoja, Viivi Esteri; Palma, Marco; Vatri, Alessandro (2019)
  • Pál, Viktor; Inal, Onur (2019)
    On the night of 27 May 2013, activists mobilized via social media to save the trees at Gezi Park, near Taksim Square, one of the last public green spaces left in the main center of Istanbul on the European side. This green patch was to be destroyed in order to make way for a shopping mall. Fewer than a dozen activists managed to halt the bulldozers and prevented the park from demolition. Following severe police intervention, citizens poured into the streets to support environmental activists, and events turned into the largest resistance movement Turkey had seen for decades. The Gezi Park uprising had bitter consequences: eleven people were killed and more than 8,000 were injured. But eventually, the protesters saved the trees.
  • Kinnunen, Tuija Talvikki (ELTE BTK Fordító- és Tolmácsképző Tanszék, 2018)
  • Salmi-Niklander, Kirsti (2014)
    The article focuses on border crossings in travel stories, which were published in hand-written newspapers in nineteenth- and early twentieth-century Finland. These papers were a popular tradition in student organizations and popular movements. Border crossings appear in travel stories in three different representations. Firstly, border crossings are repeated motifs in travel stories, both as challenging events and as small gestures and encounters. Travel stories demarcate boundaries, but they also provide a means for transgressing them. Secondly, hand-written newspapers as a literary practice highlight borders between oral and written communication. They were produced as one single manuscript copy, and published by being read out aloud in social events. Thirdly, the authors of hand-written newspapers were placed on the border of different positions in society such as class, gender and age. My analysis is based on the methodological discussion of small stories and personal experience narratives; travel stories can be defined as “local event narratives”. I have outlined four basic models for travel stories which emerge from hand-written newspapers: the great mission story, the grand tour story, the flâneur story and the retreat story. The analysis of travel stories is presented through four different case studies with a time range from the 1850s to the 1920s: these materials have been produced in two provincial student fraternities (osakunta), in the temperance society “Star” in Helsinki in the 1890s, and in the Social Democratic Youth Club in the small industrial town of Karkkila in the 1910s and the 1920s. Many parallel features can be observed in travel stories, even though the social background and ideology of the authors are quite different. Time and space are important aspects in travel stories, and they often demarcate boundaries of class and gender.
  • Hakola, Outi J. (2019)
    Many hospices advertise their services, yet the audience may frown upon the commercialization of death. Because research has ignored the content of hospice advertising, I analyzed quantitatively and qualitatively the content of 105 American television commercials. The hospices used four major solutions to invite positive readings. They narrated hospices as salvation, provided empowerment, represented hospices as quality service, and appealed to positive values, including comfort and support. Consequently, the commercials used affective advertising to create an emotional appeal where hospices appeared as solutions to difficult life situations. Consequently, the commercials represented both dying and hospices as potentially positive, and marketable experiences.
  • Savolainen, Ulla (2021)
    By addressing recent discussions on reception within the field of memory studies, this article aims to analyze the reasons for the alleged absence of public memory relating to the history of Ingria and the experiences of Ingrian Finns in Finland by focusing on Inkerin romaani (2002), a posthumous novel by Toivo Pekkanen. Through analysis of three scales of reception, the article explores the dynamics of memory and affordances of memorability. It argues that understanding memory dynamics requires looking at the reception of memory as well as its blockages. Moreover, this article suggests that these aspects of memory dynamics can be fruitfully analyzed and theorized through the notion of affordances of memorability.
  • Kouvola, Karolina (2021)
    Artikkelissa selvitetään, miten tietäjä-hahmot esitetään 1800-luvun lopulla ja 1900-luvun alussa ruotsinkieliseltä Pohjanmaalta kerätyssä folkloristisessa aineistossa. Aineistoa lähestytään kvalitatiivisen tekstianalyysin kautta. Esitän, että pohjanmaalaiset ruotsinkieliset uskomustarinat tietäjistä pohjautuvat vakiintuneisiin vernakulaareihin uskomuksiin, jotka ovat samankaltaisia länsieurooppalaisen cunning folk-mallin kanssa. Uskomusaineistossa esiintyvät tietäjähahmot olivat yhteisön jäseniä, jotka paransivat sairauksia, löysivät kadonneita esineitä, ihmisiä ja eläimiä sekä harjoittivat vahingoittavaa magiaa. Artikkeli tarjoaa uutta tietoa vähän tutkitusta uskomusperinteestä ruotsinkielisellä Pohjanmaalla. Tietäjiin liitettyjä vernakulaareja uskomusmalleja voidaan hyödyntää myös muiden ruotsinkielisten alueiden perinteen tutkimuksessa. Artikkelissa tarkastellaan myös sitä, oliko tietäjäperinne katoamassa ruotsinkieliseltä Pohjanmaalta perinteenkeräyksen aikaan uskomustarinoiden perusteella. Tulokset osoittavat, että ruotsinkielisellä Pohjanmaalla tietäjäperinne oli vakiintunut osa paikallista folklorea.
  • Lehtonen, Jukka; Taavetti, Riikka (Routledge, 2018)
    Routledge Critical Studies in Gender and Sexuality in Education
    This chapter discusses the positions of researchers and young people in research projects on young rainbow, or lesbian, gay, bisexual, trans, intersex and queer (LGBTIQ) people. It analyses methodological, ethical and theoretical problems that each faced in research on and with young people and discusses challenges related to research contexts. The specific contexts analyzed were as follows: a government-funded short-term project with a need to produce results for advocacy work in which Riikka Taavetti worked. The chapter describes the specific problems involved in using the survey data. It also describes individual research projects and discusses how the position of the researcher and participation of the young people were negotiated in the research process. The chapter focuses on how research projects were influenced by their structure and funding. In Finland, young people who do not identify with the heterosexual and cisgendered norms, or are seen to challenge these norms, are sometimes referred to as "rainbow" youth.
  • Frog, (2019)
    This article introduces an approach to ideologies of texts and of categories of text type for approaching the emic conceptions of things made of language or other kinds of signs. Finno-Karelian incantations of the ritual specialist known as a tietäjä provide a case study, considered in the broader context of cultures in the Circum-Baltic region. Text ideology is salient in this tradition owing to a conception that a performer will lose an incantation’s power when it is communicated as a whole to someone else, but not if verses are omitted. Discussion is organized in four parts, providing different types of contextualization before discussing emic conceptions of incantations proper. It begins with a theoretical introduction to text ideologies and genre ideologies in relation to language ideologies. This section includes positioning the approach from the perspective of (Finnish) folklore studies for better multidisciplinary accessibility. The second section contextualizes the tietäjä as a social institution, the corpora and approach. The third section introduces the ritual technology of the tietäjä, the physics of the world in which these operate and what these are conceived as ‘doing’ in ritual performance. The fourth section turns to the understanding of incantations as a type of text object in relation to the technology and their variation in practice.
  • Lobato Picanço, Gessiane; Virtanen, Pirjo Kristiina (2018)
    O dossiê “Pesquisas com sociedades indígenas hoje” busca reunir diferentes visões e pesquisas que vêm sendo conduzidas com as comunidades indígenas do Brasil. Os trabalhos submetidos podem abordar a pesquisa linguística e de áreas afins, como a educacional, a sociológica, a antropológica, a histórica, entre outras, que utilizam métodos colaborativos ou de co-produção e contribuam para as relações mais iguais na pesquisa. Além disso, o conhecimento e a divulgação da diversidade cultural e linguística brasileira e o impacto de pesquisa na sociedade envolvente podem ser tratados nos trabalhos. Serão bem-vindos estudos voltados para os desafios e transformações linguísticas e socioculturais que essas sociedades enfrentam, podendo leva-las ao declínio ou à perda, mas que, em muitos casos, encontram uma forma de alteração e resistência.
  • Virtanen, Riika J. (2020)