Browsing by Subject "ABIOTIC STRESSES"

Sort by: Order: Results:

Now showing items 1-2 of 2
  • Huang, Bin; Huang, Zhinuo; Ma, Ruifang; Chen, Jialu; Zhang, Zhijun; Yrjälä, Kim (2021)
    Heat shock transcription factors (HSFs) are central elements in the regulatory network that controls plant heat stress response. They are involved in multiple transcriptional regulatory pathways and play important roles in heat stress signaling and responses to a variety of other stresses. We identified 41 members of the HSF gene family in moso bamboo, which were distributed non-uniformly across its 19 chromosomes. Phylogenetic analysis showed that the moso bamboo HSF genes could be divided into three major subfamilies; HSFs from the same subfamily shared relatively conserved gene structures and sequences and encoded similar amino acids. All HSF genes contained HSF signature domains. Subcellular localization prediction indicated that about 80% of the HSF proteins were located in the nucleus, consistent with the results of GO enrichment analysis. A large number of stress response-associated cis-regulatory elements were identified in the HSF upstream promoter sequences. Synteny analysis indicated that the HSFs in the moso bamboo genome had greater collinearity with those of rice and maize than with those of Arabidopsis and pepper. Numerous segmental duplicates were found in the moso bamboo HSF gene family. Transcriptome data indicated that the expression of a number of PeHsfs differed in response to exogenous gibberellin (GA) and naphthalene acetic acid (NAA). A number of HSF genes were highly expressed in the panicles and in young shoots, suggesting that they may have functions in reproductive growth and the early development of rapidly-growing shoots. This study provides fundamental information on members of the bamboo HSF gene family and lays a foundation for further study of their biological functions in the regulation of plant responses to adversity.
  • Ijaz, Usman; Adhikari, Kedar N.; Stoddard, Frederick L.; Trethowan, Richard M. (2018)
    Faba bean (Vicia faba L.) is an important grain legume used as food and feed. Its production is threatened by abiotic stresses and diseases, of which rust (Uromyces viciae-fabae) is one of the major diseases in East and North Africa, China and the northern grain growing region of Australia. Understanding the genetic and physiological mechanisms of rust resistance in faba bean is in an early phase. The presence of seedling and adult plant resistance genes has been observed. The resistance most frequently utilised in applied plant breeding is race-specific, where the interaction between resistance genes in the host and avirulence genes in the pathogen confers resistance. The main drawback of using race-specific resistance is lack of durability, when deployed singly. Slow rusting or partial resistance, controlled by multiple genes of small effect, is generally non-race specific, so it can be more durable. We present the current knowledge of host resistance and pathogen diversity and propose rational breeding approaches aided with molecular markers to breed durable rust resistance in faba bean.