Browsing by Subject "ADULT NEUROGENESIS"

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  • Goodman, Timothy; Nayar, Stuart G.; Clare, Shaun; Mikolajczak, Marta; Rice, Ritva; Mansour, Suzanne; Bellusci, Saverio; Hajihosseini, Mohammad K. (2020)
    New neurons are generated in the postnatal rodent hypothalamus, with a subset of tanycytes in the third ventricular (3V) wall serving as neural stem/progenitor cells. However, the precise stem cell niche organization, the intermediate steps and the endogenous regulators of postnatal hypothalamic neurogenesis remain elusive. Quantitative lineage-tracing in vivo revealed that conditional deletion of fibroblast growth factor 10 (Fgf10) from Fgf10-expressing beta-tanycytes at postnatal days (P)4-5 results in the generation of significantly more parenchymal cells by P28, composed mostly of ventromedial and dorsomedial neurons and some glial cells, which persist into adulthood. A closer scrutiny in vivo and ex vivo revealed that the 3V wall is not static and is amenable to cell movements. Furthermore, normally beta-tanycytes give rise to parenchymal cells via an intermediate population of alpha-tanycytes with transient amplifying cell characteristics. Loss of Fgf10 temporarily attenuates the amplification of beta-tanycytes but also appears to delay the exit of their alpha-tanycyte descendants from the germinal 3V wall. Our findings suggest that transience of cells through the alpha-tanycyte domain is a key feature, and Fgf10 is a negative regulator of postnatal hypothalamic neurogenesis.
  • Koivuniemi, Raili; Mäkelä, Johanna; Hokkanen, Marie-Estelle; Bruelle, Celine; Ho, Tho Huu; Ola, Roxana; Korhonen, Laura; Schroder, Jim; Kataoka, Hiroaki; Lindholm, Dan (2013)
  • Tseng, Kuan-Yin; Anttila, Jenni E.; Khodosevich, Konstantin; Tuominen, Raimo K.; Lindahl, Maria; Domanskyi, Andrii; Airavaara, Mikko (2018)
    Cerebral ischemia activates endogenous reparative processes, such as increased proliferation of neural stem cells (NSCs) in the subventricular zone (SVZ) and migration of neural progenitor cells (NPCs) toward the ischemic area. However, this reparative process is limited because most of the NPCs die shortly after injury or are unable to arrive at the infarct boundary. In this study, we demonstrate for the first time that endogenous mesencephalic astrocyte-derived neurotrophic factor (MANF) protects NSCs against oxygen-glucose-deprivation-induced injury and has a crucial role in regulating NPC migration. In NSC cultures, MANF protein administration did not affect growth of cells but triggered neuronal and glial differentiation, followed by activation of STAT3. In SVZ explants, MANF over expression facilitated cell migration and activated the STAT3 and ERK1/2 pathway. Using a rat model of cortical stroke, intracerebroventricular injections of MANF did not affect cell proliferation in the SVZ, but promoted migration of doublecortin (DCX)(+) cells toward the corpus callosum and infarct boundary on day 14 post-stroke. Long-term infusion of MANF into the per'-infarct zone increased the recruitment of DCX+ cells in the infarct area. In conclusion, our data demonstrate a neuroregenerative activity of MANF that facilitates differentiation and migration of NPCs, thereby increasing recruitment of neuroblasts in stroke cortex.