Browsing by Subject "ALPHA-6-BETA-4 INTEGRIN"

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  • Tayem, Raneem; Niemann, Catherin; Pesch, Monika; Morgner, Jessica; Niessen, Carien M.; Wickström, Sara A.; Aumailley, Monique (2021)
    The skin epidermis is attached to the underlying dermis by a laminin 332 (Lm332)-rich basement membrane. Consequently, loss of Lm332 leads to the severe blistering disorder epidermolysis bullosa junctionalis in humans and animals. Owing to the indispensable role of Lm332 in keratinocyte adhesion in vivo, the severity of the disease has limited research into other functions of the protein. We have conditionally disrupted Lm332 expression in basal keratinocytes of adult mice. Although blisters develop along the interfollicular epidermis, hair follicle basal cells provide sufficient anchorage of the epidermis to the dermis, making inducible deletion of the Lama3 gene compatible with life. Loss of Lm332 promoted the thickening of the epidermis and exaggerated desquamation. Global RNA expression analysis revealed major changes in the expression of keratins, cornified envelope proteins, and cellular stress markers. These modifications of the keratinocyte genetic program are accompanied by changes in cell shape and disorganization of the actin cytoskeleton. These data indicate that loss of Lm332-mediated progenitor cell adhesion alters cell fate and disturbs epidermal homeostasis.
  • Biggs, Leah C.; Kim, Christine S.; Miroshnikova, Yekaterina A.; Wickström, Sara A. (2020)
    Tissue shape emerges from the collective mechanical properties and behavior of individual cells and the ways by which they integrate into the surrounding tissue. Tissue architecture and its dynamic changes subsequently feed back to guide cell behavior. The skin is a dynamic, self-renewing barrier that is subjected to large-scale extrinsic mechanical forces throughout its lifetime. The ability to withstand this constant mechanical stress without compromising its integrity as a barrier requires compartment-specific structural specialization and the capability to sense and adapt to mechanical cues. This review discusses the unique mechanical properties of the skin and the importance of signals that arise from mechanical communication between cells and their environment.
  • Moilanen, Jyri M.; Loeffek, Stefanie; Kokkonen, Nina; Salo, Sirpa; Vayrynen, Juha P.; Hurskainen, Tiina; Manninen, Aki; Riihila, Pilvi; Heljasvaara, Ritva; Franzke, Claus-Werner; Kahari, Veli-Matti; Salo, Tuula; Makinen, Markus J.; Tasanen, Kaisa (2017)
    Collagen XVII and integrin alpha 6 beta 4 have well-established roles as epithelial adhesion molecules. Their binding partner laminin 332 as well as integrin alpha 6 beta 4 are largely recognized to promote invasion and metastasis in various cancers, and collagen XVII is essential for the survival of colon and lung cancer stem cells. We have studied the expression of laminin.2, collagen XVII and integrin beta 4 in tissue microarray samples of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) and its precursors, actinic keratosis and Bowen's disease. The expression of laminin.2 was highest in SCC samples, whereas the expression of collagen XVII and integrin beta 4 varied greatly in SCC and its precursors. Collagen XVII and integrin beta 4 were also expressed in SCC cell lines. Virus-mediated RNAi knockdown of collagen XVII and integrin beta 4 reduced the migration of less aggressive SCC-25 cells in horizontal scratch wound healing assay. Additionally, in a 3D organotypic myoma invasion assay the loss of collagen XVII or integrin beta 4 suppressed equally the migration and invasion of SCC-25 cells whereas there was no effect on the most aggressive HSC-3 cells. Variable expression patterns and results in migration and invasion assays suggest that collagen XVII and integrin beta 4 contribute to SCC tumorigenesis.