Browsing by Subject "AMINO"

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  • Oeemig, Jesper S.; Beyer, Hannes M.; Aranko, A. Sesilja; Mutanen, Justus; Iwai, Hideo (2020)
    Inteins catalyze self-excision from host precursor proteins while concomitantly ligating the flanking substrates (exteins) with a peptide bond. Noncatalytic extein residues near the splice junctions, such as the residues at the -1 and +2 positions, often strongly influence the protein-splicing efficiency. The substrate specificities of inteins have not been studied for many inteins. We developed a convenient mutagenesis platform termed "QuickDrop"-cassette mutagenesis for investigating the influences of 20 amino acid types at the -1 and +2 positions of different inteins. We elucidated 17 different profiles of the 20 amino acid dependencies across different inteins. The substrate specificities will accelerate our understanding of the structure-function relationship at the splicing junctions for broader applications of inteins in biotechnology and molecular biosciences.
  • Aranko, A. Sesilja; Iwaï, Hideo (2021)
    An efficient self-cleavable purification tag could be a powerful tool for purifying recom-binant proteins and peptides without additional proteolytic processes using specific proteases. Thus, the intein-mediated self-cleavage tag was developed and has been commercially available as the IMPACT™ system. However, uncontrolled cleavages of the purification tag by the inteins in the IMPACT™ system have been reported, thereby reducing final yields. Therefore, controlling the pro-tein-splicing activity of inteins has become critical. Here we utilized conditional protein splicing by salt conditions. We developed the inducible intein-mediated self-cleaving tag (IIST) system based on salt-inducible protein splicing of the MCM2 intein from the extremely halophilic archaeon, Halor-habdus utahensis and applied it to small peptides. Moreover, we described a method for the ami-dation using the same IIST system and demonstrated15N-labeling of the C-terminal amide group of a single domain antibody (VHH).