Browsing by Subject "ANALGESIA"

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  • Sturesson, L.; Lindstrom, V.; Castren, M.; Niemi-Murola, L.; Falk, A. -C. (2016)
    Background: Pain is one of the most common symptoms in the Emergency Department (ED) and is the cause of more than half of the visits to the ED. Several attempts to improve pain management have been done by using, for example, standards/guidelines and education. To our knowledge no one has investigated if and how different actions over a longitudinal period affect the frequency of pain documentation in the ED. Therefore the aim of this study was to describe the frequency of documented pain assessments in the ED. Method: A cross-sectional study during 2006-2012 was conducted. The care of patients with wrist/arm fractures or soft tissue injuries on upper extremities was evaluated. Result: Despite various actions our result shows that mandatory pain assessment in the patient's computerized medical record was the only successful intervention to improve the frequencies of documentation of pain assessment during care in the ED. During the study period, no documentation of reassessment of pain was found despite the fact that all patients received pain medication. Conclusion: To succeed in increasing the frequency of documented pain assessment, mandatory pain rating is a successful action. However, the re-evaluation of documented pain assessment was nonexisting. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • Mueller-Schwefe, Gerhard; Jaksch, Wolfgang; Morlion, Bart; Kalso, Eija; Schaefer, Michael; Coluzzi, Flaminia; Huygen, Frank; Kocot-Kepska, Magdalena; Mangas, Ana Cristina; Margarit, Cesar; Ahlbeck, Karsten; Mavrocordatos, Philippe; Alon, Eli; Collett, Beverly; Aldington, Dominic; Nicolaou, Andrew; Pergolizzi, Joseph; Varrassi, Giustino (2011)
  • Kruit, Heidi; Heikinheimo, Oskari; Ulander, Veli-Matti; Aitokallio-Tallberg, Ansa; Nupponen, Irmeli; Paavonen, Jorma; Rahkonen, Leena (2015)
    Background: Induction of labour is associated with increased risk for caesarean delivery among nulliparous women. The aims of this study were to evaluate the risk factors for caesarean delivery and to investigate the risk of maternal and neonatal infections in nulliparous women undergoing induction of labour by Foley catheter. Methods: This clinical retrospective study of 432 nulliparous women with singleton pregnancy and intact amniotic membranes at or beyond 37 gestational weeks scheduled for induction of labour by Foley catheter was conducted over the course of one year, between January 2012 and January 2013, in Helsinki University Hospital. The main outcome measures were caesarean section rate and maternal and neonatal infections. Univariate and multivariate logistic regressions were used to estimate relative risks by odds ratios with 95 % confidence intervals. Results: The caesarean section rate was 39.1 % (n = 169). In multivariate regression analysis, the factors associated with caesarean section were the need for oxytocin for labour induction [OR 2.9 (95 % CI 1.8-4.5) p <0.001] and early epidural analgesia [OR 9.9 (95 % CI 2.1-47.5), p = 0.004]. The maternal intrapartum infection rate was 6.3 %, and the clinical neonatal infection rate was 2.8 %. In multivariate analysis, gestational diabetes was associated with maternal intrapartum infection [OR 4.3 (95 % CI 1.7-11.0, p = 0.002] and early epidural analgesia with neonatal clinical sepsis [OR 10.5 (95 % CI 1.4-76), p = 0.02]. Conclusions: Oxytocin induction and early epidural analgesia were associated with caesarean delivery. Gestational diabetes and early epidural analgesia were associated with infectious morbidity. Since the first caesarean delivery has a major impact on subsequent pregnancies, optimising labour induction among nulliparous women is important.
  • Pitkäniemi, Anni; Sihvonen, Aleksi; Särkämö, Teppo; Soinila, Seppo (2020)
  • Meyer-Frießem, CH; Attal, N; Baron, R; Bouhassira, D; Finnerup, NB; Freynhagen, R; Gierthmühlen, J; Haanpää, M; Hansson, P; Jensen, TS; Kemp, H; Kennedy, D; Leffler, A-S; Rice, ASC; Segerdahl, M; Serra, J; Sindrup, S; Solà, R; Tölle, T; Schuh-Hofer, S; Treede, R-D; Pogatzki-Zahn, E; Maier, C; Vollert, J (2020)
    Abstract Background and aims Healthy women have generally been found to have increased experimental pain perception and chronic pain has a higher prevalence in female as compared to male patients. However, no study has investigated whether pain intensity and pain perception thresholds are distinct or similar between sexes within various chronic pain entities. We investigated whether average pain intensities and pain thresholds assessed using quantitative sensory testing (QST) differed between women and men suffering from three distinct chronic pain conditions: Complex Regional Pain Syndrome (CRPS type I), peripheral nerve injury (PNI) or polyneuropathy (PNP), as compared to paired healthy volunteers. Methods QST data of 1252 patients (669 female, 583 male) with PNI (n=342), PNP (n=571) or CRPS (n=339), and average pain intensity reports from previously published studies were included. Absolute and z-values (adjusted for age and body region) of cold, heat, pressure (PPT) and pinprick pain thresholds were compared in generalized linear models with aetiology, duration of underlying pain disease and average pain intensity as fixed effects. Results Average pain intensity during the past four weeks did not differ between women and men, in both mean and range. In women absolute pain thresholds for cold, heat and pinprick were lower than in males across all diagnoses (p
  • Wennervirta, Johanna E.; Särkelä, Mika O.K.; Kaila, Markus M.; Pettilä, Ville (2021)
    Background. Sedation of intensive care patients is needed for patient safety, but deep sedation is associated with adverse outcomes. Frontal electromyogram-based Responsiveness Index (RI) aims to quantify the level of sedation and is scaled 0-100 (low index indicates deep sedation). We compared RI-based sedation to Richmond Agitation-Sedation Scale- (RASS-) based sedation. Our hypothesis was that RI-controlled sedation would be associated with increased total time alive without mechanical ventilation at 30 days without an increased number of adverse events. Methods. 32 critically ill adult patients with mechanical ventilation and administration of sedation were randomized to either RI- or RASS-guided sedation. Patients received propofol and oxycodone, if possible. The following standardized sedation protocol was utilized in both groups to achieve the predetermined target sedation level: either RI 40-80 (RI group) or RASS -3 to 0 (RASS group). RI measurement was blinded in the RASS group, and the RI group was blinded to RASS assessments. State Entropy (SE) values were registered in both groups. Results. RI and RASS groups did not differ in total time alive in 30 days without mechanical ventilation (p=0.72). The incidence of at least one sedation-related adverse event did not differ between the groups. Hypertension was more common in the RI group (p=0.01). RI group patients were in the target RI level 22% of the time and RASS group patients had 57% of scores within the target RASS level. The RI group spent significantly more time in their target sedation level than the RASS group spent in the corresponding RI level (p=0.03). No difference was observed between the groups (p=0.13) in the corresponding analysis for RASS. Propofol and oxycodone were administered at higher RI and SE values and lower RASS values in the RI group than in the RASS group. Conclusion. Further studies with a larger sample size are warranted to scrutinize the optimal RI level during different phases of critical illness.