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  • Halavaara, Mika; Nevalainen, Annika; Martelius, Timi; Kuusela, Pentti; Anttila, Veli-Jukka (2019)
    The impact of the short-incubation matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight (si-MALDI-TOF) mass spectrometry technique was evaluated in the treatment of bloodstream infections (BSIs) caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Enterococcus spp., and Amp-C producing Enterobacteriaceae. A total of 124 bacteremia episodes were divided into 2 groups: i) si-MALDI-TOF group (n = 69) and ii) control group (n = 55). Identification by si-MALDI-TOF resulted in 12.8% increase in cases receiving appropriate antibiotic treatment within 48 h from blood culture draw. The importance of the rapid identification was emphasized in BSIs caused by enterococci (n = 62), where si-MALDI-TOF led to appropriate antibiotic treatment in 87.9% of cases (versus control group 65.5%, P = 0.036). Implementation of si-MALDI-TOF technology for microbial identification was associated with increased proportion of patients receiving effective antibiotic treatment within 48 h from blood culture draw. The effect was most significant in BSIs caused by enterococcal species and in a subgroup of immunosuppressed patients. (C) 2018 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • Vuori-Holopainen, Elina; Peltola, Heikki (2001)
    Identification of the etiology of childhood pneumonia is difficult, even in the cases that most likely have bacterial origins. A positive blood culture result is diagnostic but rare (50% of cases (virological tests were rarely done); (2) lung tap is safer than is generally considered; (3) potential pneumothorax is mostly symptomless and resolves spontaneously without impairing recovery; and (4) in comparison with routine diagnostic tools, lung tap offers so many advantages that it warrants reconsideration at centers where personnel have experience in handling potential pneumothorax.