Browsing by Subject "Allergen immunotherapy"

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  • ARIA Working Grp; Bousquet, J; Pfaar, O; Togias, A; Haahtela, T; Toppila-Salmi, S (2019)
    Allergen immunotherapy (AIT) is a proven therapeutic option for the treatment of allergic rhinitis and/or asthma. Many guidelines or national practice guidelines have been produced but the evidence-based method varies, many are complex and none propose care pathways. This paper reviews care pathways for AIT using strict criteria and provides simple recommendations that can be used by all stakeholders including healthcare professionals. The decision to prescribe AIT for the patient should be individualized and based on the relevance of the allergens, the persistence of symptoms despite appropriate medications according to guidelines as well as the availability of good-quality and efficacious extracts. Allergen extracts cannot be regarded as generics. Immunotherapy is selected by specialists for stratified patients. There are no currently available validated biomarkers that can predict AIT success. In adolescents and adults, AIT should be reserved for patients with moderate/severe rhinitis or for those with moderate asthma who, despite appropriate pharmacotherapy and adherence, continue to exhibit exacerbations that appear to be related to allergen exposure, except in some specific cases. Immunotherapy may be even more advantageous in patients with multimorbidity. In children, AIT may prevent asthma onset in patients with rhinitis. mHealth tools are promising for the stratification and follow-up of patients.
  • Dhami, Sangeeta; Nurmatov, Ulugbek; Pajno, Giovanni Battista; Fernandez-Rivas, Montserrat; Muraro, Antonella; Roberts, Graham; Akdis, Cezmi; Alvaro-Lozano, Montserrat; Beyer, Kirsten; Bindslev-Jensen, Carsten; Burks, Wesley; du Toit, George; Ebisawa, Motohiro; Eigenmann, Philippe; Knol, Edward; Mäkelä, Mika; Nadeau, Kari Christine; O'Mahony, Liam; Papadopoulos, Nikolaos; Poulsen, Lars; Sackesen, Cansin; Sampson, Hugh; Santos, Alexandra; van Ree, Ronald; Timmermans, Frans; Sheikh, Aziz (2016)
    Background: The European Academy of Allergy and Clinical Immunology (EAACI) is in the process of developing the EAACI Guidelines for Allergen Immunotherapy (AIT) for IgE-mediated food allergy. We seek to critically assess the effectiveness, cost-effectiveness and safety of AIT in IgE-mediated food allergy. Methods: We will undertake a systematic review, which will involve searching international biomedical databases for published, in progress and unpublished evidence. Studies will be independently screened against pre-defined eligibility criteria and critically appraised using established instruments. Data will be descriptively and, if possible and appropriate, quantitatively synthesised. Discussion: The findings from this review will be used to inform the development of recommendations for EAACI's Guidelines on AIT.
  • Calderon, M. A.; Demoly, P.; Casale, T.; Akdis, C. A.; Bachert, C.; Bewick, M.; Bilo, B. M.; Bohle, B.; Bonini, S.; Bush, A.; Caimmi, D. P.; Canonica, G. W.; Cardona, V.; Chiriac, A. M.; Cox, L.; Custovic, A.; De Blay, F.; Devillier, P.; Didier, A.; Di Lorenzo, G.; Du Toit, G.; Durham, S. R.; Eng, P.; Fiocchi, A.; Fox, A. T.; van Wijk, R. Gerth; Gomez, R. M.; Haahtela, Tari Markku Kallevi; Halken, S.; Hellings, P. W.; Jacobsen, L.; Just, J.; Tanno, L. K.; Kleine-Tebbe, J.; Klimek, L.; Knol, E. F.; Kuna, P.; Larenas-Linnemann, D. E.; Linneberg, A.; Matricardi, M.; Malling, H. J.; Moesges, R.; Mullol, J.; Muraro, A.; Papadopoulos, N.; Passalacqua, G.; Pastorello, E.; Pfaar, O.; Price, D.; Rodriguez del Rio, P.; Rueff, R.; Samolinski, B.; Scadding, G. K.; Senti, G.; Shamji, M. H.; Sheikh, A.; Sisul, J. C.; Sole, D.; Sturm, G. J.; Tabar, A.; Van Ree, R.; Ventura, M. T.; Vidal, C.; Varga, E. M.; Worm, M.; Zuberbier, T.; Bousquet, J. (2016)
    Allergic diseases often occur early in life and persist throughout life. This life-course perspective should be considered in allergen immunotherapy. In particular it is essential to understand whether this al treatment may be used in old age adults. The current paper was developed by a working group of AIRWAYS integrated care pathways for airways diseases, the model of chronic respiratory diseases of the European Innovation Partnership on active and healthy ageing (DG CONNECT and DG Sante). It considered (1) the political background, (2) the rationale for allergen immunotherapy across the life cycle, (3) the unmet needs for the treatment, in particular in preschool children and old age adults, (4) the strategic framework and the practical approach to synergize current initiatives in allergen immunotherapy, its mechanisms and the concept of active and healthy ageing.