Browsing by Subject "Archaeoacoustics"

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  • Rainio, Riitta; Lahelma, Antti; Äikäs, Tiina; Lassfolk, Kai; Okkonen, Jari (2017)
    In northern Finland, near the canyon lakes of Julma-Ölkky, Somerjärvi and Rotkojärvi, steep rock cliffs produce distinctive acoustic spaces. On these cliffs, prehistoric rock paintings (5200 to 1000 BC) as well as an ancient Sámi offering site (circa 1100 to present) can be found. Ethnographic sources describe that the Sámi used to sing and listen to echoes while making offerings there. This article presents the results of an archaeoacoustic research project that seeks to explore the role of sound in the development and use of these archaeological sites. The innovative set of methods includes multichannel impulse response recording, angle-of-arrival estimation of early reflections, spectrum analysis, digital image processing and 3D laser scanning. On the basis of the analyses, it is concluded that the cliffs that have been painted or held as sacred are efficient sound reflectors. They create discrete echoes and, accordingly, phantom sound sources. Especially at the Värikallio cliff near Lake Somerjärvi, the sound appears to emanate directly from the painted figures. These results, together with previously unnoticed drumming figures in the Värikallio painting, provide a clue to the significance of the sound rituals at these sacred sites.
  • Rainio, Riitta; Lahelma, Antti; Äikäs, Tiina; Lassfolk, Kai; Okkonen, Jari (The OTS Foundation, 2014)
    In Northern Finland, by the rock painting of Värikallio (ca. 3000–500 BC), several echoes can be heard. The most remarkable of these appear to be originating from the painted rock itself. The article presents the first results of the research project that seeks to explore the role of sound in the development and use of Finnish rock art and Sámi offering sites. Field recordings, made at the site of Värikallio in summer 2013, are analyzed with a sound analysis and visualization toolkit, and interpreted with the help of GIS data and a 3D model of the site. A probable depiction of a drummer, identified in the painting in the course of the fieldwork, provides a further clue to the significance of sound rituals at rock paintings.
  • Kolltveit, Gjermund; Rainio, Riitta (Ekho verlag, 2020)
    Publications of the ICTM Study Group on Music Archaeology
    This book arose from an international symposium in Honour of Cajsa S. Lund that took place in 2016 at Linnaeus University’s Department of Music and Art, in Växjö, Sweden. The symposium was organized by Nordic music archaeologists Gjermund Kolltveit (Oslo) and Riitta Rainio (Helsinki), with Cornelius Holtorf and Karin Hallgren as local contributors at Linnaeus University. It was funded by the Swedish Research Council, the Nordic Culture Fund and Musik i Syd. The book is edited by Gjermund Kolltveit and Riitta Rainio, and published in Berlin by Ekho Verlag. The contributors are Cornelius Holtorf, Iain Morley, Catherine Homo-Lechner, Emiliano Li Castro, Rupert Till, Frances Gill, Annemies Tamboer, Graeme Lawson, Stefan Hagel, Timo Leisiö, Anders Söderberg, Dorota Popławska, Andrzej Janowski, Stanisław Mazurek, Simon Wyatt, Raquel Jiménez Pasalodos, Riitta Rainio, John Purser, Joachim Schween and Cajsa S. Lund.
  • Rainio, Riitta; Äikäs, Tiina; Lahelma, Antti; Lassfolk, Kai (Tampereen yliopistopaino, 2017)
  • Kolltveit, Gjermund; Rainio, Riitta; Archaeology (Ekho verlag, 2020)
    Publications of the ICTM Study Group on Music Archaeology
    This book arose from an international symposium in Honour of Cajsa S. Lund that took place in 2016 at Linnaeus University’s Department of Music and Art, in Växjö, Sweden. The symposium was organized by Nordic music archaeologists Gjermund Kolltveit (Oslo) and Riitta Rainio (Helsinki), with Cornelius Holtorf and Karin Hallgren as local contributors at Linnaeus University. It was funded by the Swedish Research Council, the Nordic Culture Fund and Musik i Syd. The book is edited by Gjermund Kolltveit and Riitta Rainio, and published in Berlin by Ekho Verlag. The contributors are Cornelius Holtorf, Iain Morley, Catherine Homo-Lechner, Emiliano Li Castro, Rupert Till, Frances Gill, Annemies Tamboer, Graeme Lawson, Stefan Hagel, Timo Leisiö, Anders Söderberg, Dorota Popławska, Andrzej Janowski, Stanisław Mazurek, Simon Wyatt, Raquel Jiménez Pasalodos, Riitta Rainio, John Purser, Joachim Schween and Cajsa S. Lund.