Browsing by Subject "Arki"

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  • Aspholm, Laura (Helsingin yliopisto, 2020)
    Man has lived in space for 20 years. The importance of housing and living in space to man has been viewed as physiological and psychological changes, such as from the perspectives of nutrition, stress tolerance, or muscle endurance, but not from the perspective of everyday life. While astronauts are on expedition their main job is scientific research. However, the station is inhabited and lived for long periods of time, eating, hygiene and spending time with colleagues. The purpose of this study is to look at living and everyday life at the station from the perspective of home economics. The study has looked at videos produced on the ISS International Space Station, which can be found on YouTube’s video service. The selection criteria for the videos were that they highlight housing, everyday life and household activities. The material has been analysed by thematising and classifying the situations that have occurred in the videos according to living, everyday practices and household activities. The material was examined from the perspective of how housing is organized and how everyday life and household functions come into play in a non-home environment. According to the study, living in the station and in use of the premises, features and functions can be perceived that are related to home environments. Astronauts live in very small spaces, so versatility is necessary. Defining the ISS space station as a household is challenging, but with certain criteria this can be done, as everyday routines and household activities can be identified in that form of housing and living. Astronauts have a very regular everyday life with rhythms. In the morning, they wash up and eat breakfast. This is followed by the start of the working day with changing tasks or scientific experiments. The content of the working day also includes daily fitness. Astronauts have at least three meals a day and they are communal situations. In the evening, the crew has free time. They can contact the family, read a book, or just look at the globe spinning below from the window. Doing everyday activities with microgravity makes them a new kind of challenge and, on the other hand, fun to perform.
  • Karhu, Pilvi (Helsingin yliopisto, 2020)
    The purpose of this study is to observe the effect of Covid-19 epidemic to the everyday life and the work-life balance among young adults. Work is a significant part of a person’s every-day life. Individualisation of working hours stands out in the current work life. Therefore, the need for finding the work-life balance increases. Work-life balance is seen to be a main factor, whereby the employee is able to stabilize the demands becoming from work and leisure. The exceptional global circumstances with Covid-19 epidemic have suddenly affected people’s everyday life and ways of working during the year 2020. Majority of Finnish employees were forced to move to remote work due to the Covid-19 epidemic. The remote work makes it even more challenging to maintain the border between work and leisure time. In addition, people were required to adapt their everyday life due to the health threatening virus. This research applies qualitative methodology. The data were collected by using the theme interview method. Six young adults took part in the interview. All interviews were carried out during September and October in 2020. In addition to the interview the interviewees were asked to describe their normal day during Covid-19 epidemic with a timeline. The timeline was used to support the interviews according to the stimulated recall Interview method. The interview recordings were transcribed word for word and analysed using qualitative content analysis. Hermeneutic-phenomenological approach was also applied in this research. The significance of routines stood out in the everyday life during Covid-19 epidemic. Certain everyday routines were shattered due to the epidemic, while people were forced to adapt their ways of working and free time activities. Despite this, other daily routines were considered as a resource to manage in the crisis. Especially the continuing of work was seen as an important factor in the Covid-19 crisis. Work and leisure time activities were overlapping more flexibly during the Covid-19 epidemic. On the other hand, it was considered important to make a clear boundary between work and leisure time in the end of the day.
  • Vuorio, Hanna-Kaisa (Helsingin yliopisto, 2019)
    The aim of this thesis was to study the everyday life in self-sufficient households and to explore how do the pursuits of self-sufficiency appear in those households. The focus was especially in self-sufficient lifestyle compared to prevalent modern lifestyle. Theoretically this thesis was constructed by studies and thoughts of researchers of modernity and everyday life. The key themes were especially consumerism and efficiency. Everyday life was explored in a sense of meaningfulness and it’s rhythms. This thesis was a qualitative study. The material for the study was collected using half structured interview and questionnaire with open questions. There was altogether five interviews and five filled in questionnaires. I also used my notes from the interviews as a backup when writing this thesis. Analysis method was qualitative content analysis. Households aiming at living partly self sufficiently found their lifestyle meaningfull and living that way made them feel that they are following their values of life. Those values were especially: admiration of traditional lifestyle, ecological values and family values. Modern society evoked conflicting thoughts. Many of the respondents saw that it is important to reduce consumption. Total off grid living was seen difficult and not everyone even wanted it. What the respondents wanted the most was living at least partly without paid work and using less supermarkets for buying food. Many of the respondents were still willing to use social benefits and services of welfare society. According to the results of this thesis the respondents are active actors who believe that the choices made in everyday life are meaningful both in individual and also in a wider scale. It is difficult to create a standard of self sufficient household because they vary so much and everybody is reaching out for the level of self sufficiency that they have chosen themselves.