Browsing by Subject "BIOMINERALIZATION"

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  • Golda-Cepa, Monika; Riedlova, Kamila; Kulig, Waldemar; Cwiklik, Lukasz; Kotarba, Andrzej (2020)
    Interactions at the solid-body fluid interfaces play a vital role in bone tissue formation at the implant surface. In this study, fully atomistic molecular dynamics (MD) simulations were performed to investigate interactions between the physiological components of body fluids (Ca2+, HPO42-, H2PO4-, Na+, Cl-, and H2O) and functionalized parylene C surface. In comparison to the native parylene C (-Cl surface groups), the introduction of -OH, -CHO, and -COOH surface groups significantly enhances the interactions between body fluid ions and the polymeric surface. The experimentally observed formation of calcium phosphate nanocrystals is discussed in terms of MD simulations of the calcium phosphate clustering. Surface functional groups promote the clustering of calcium and phosphate ions in the following order: -OH > -CHO > -Cl (parent parylene C) approximate to -COO-. This promoting role of surface functional groups is explained as stimulating the number of Ca2+ and HPO42- surface contacts as well as ion chemisorption. The molecular mechanism of calcium phosphate cluster formation at the functionalized parylene C surface is proposed.
  • Scarabello Stape, Thiago Henrique; Tjäderhane, Leo; Tezvergil-Mutluay, Arzu; Da Silva, Wagner Gomes; dos Santos Silva, Alan Roger; da Silva, Wander Jose; Marques, Marcelo Rocha (2018)
    Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) such as gelatinases are differentially expressed in human tissues. These enzymes cleave specific substrates involved in cell signaling, tissue development and remodeling and tissue breakdown. Recent evidences show that gelatinases are crucial for normal dentin development and their activity is maintained throughout the entire tooth function in the oral cavity. Due to the lack of information about the exact location and activity of gelatinases in mature human dentin, the present study was designed to examine gelatinolytic levels In sound dentin. In situ zymography using confocal microscopy was performed on both mineralized and demineralized dentin samples. Sites presenting gelatinase activity were identified throughout the entire biological tissue pursuing different gelatinolytic levels for distinct areas: predentin and dentinal tubule regions presented higher gelatinolytic activity compared to intertubular dentin. Dentin regions with higher gelatinolytic activity immunohistochemically were partially correlated with MMP-2 expression. The maintenance of gelatinolytic activity in mature dentin may have biological implications related to biomineralization of predentin and tubular/peritubular dentinal regions, as well as regulation of defensive mechanisms of the dentin-pulp complex.