Browsing by Subject "BLOOD-GROUP"

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  • Jarvis, Kirsten Brunsvig; LeBlanc, Marissa; Tulstrup, Morten; Nielsen, Rikke Linnemann; Albertsen, Birgitte Klug; Gupta, Ramneek; Huttunen, Pasi; Jonsson, Olafur Gisli; Rank, Cecilie Utke; Ranta, Susanna; Ruud, Ellen; Saks, Kadri; Trakymiene, Sonata Saulyte; Tuckuviene, Ruta; Schmiegelow, Kjeld (2019)
    Introduction: Thromboembolism is a serious toxicity of acute lymphoblastic leukemia treatment, and contributes to substantial morbidity and mortality. Several single nucleotide polymorphisms have been associated with thromboembolism in the general population; however, their impact in patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia, particularly in children, remains uncertain. Materials and methods: We collected constitutional DNA and prospectively registered thromboembolic events in 1252 patients, 1-45 years, with acute lymphoblastic leukemia included in the Nordic Society of Pediatric Hematology and Oncology ALL2008 protocol in the Nordic and Baltic countries (7/2008-7/2016). Based on previously published data and a priori power calculations, we selected four single nucleotide polymorphisms: F5 rs6025, F11 rs2036914, FGG rs2066865, and ABO rs8176719. Results: The 2.5 year cumulative incidence of thromboembolism was 7.1% (95% confidence interval (CI) 5.6-8.5). F11 rs2036914 was associated with thromboembolism (hazard ratio (HR) 1.52, 95%CI 1.11-2.07) and there was a borderline significant association for FGG rs2066865 (HR 1.37, 95%CI 0.99-1.91), but no association for ABO rs8176719 or F5 rs6025 in multiple cox regression. A genetic risk score based on F11 rs2036914 and FGG rs2066865 was associated with thromboembolism (HR 1.45 per risk allele, 95%CI 1.15-1.81), the association was strongest in adolescents 10.0-17.9 years (HR 1.64). Conclusion: If validated, a F11 rs2036914/FGG rs2066865 risk prediction model should be tested as a stratification tool for prevention of thromboembolism in patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • Malaria Genomic Epidemiology Net; Band, Gavin; Le, Quang Si; Clarke, Geraldine M.; Kivinen, Katja; Spencer, Chris C. A. (2019)
    The human genetic factors that affect resistance to infectious disease are poorly understood. Here we report a genome-wide association study in 17,000 severe malaria cases and population controls from 11 countries, informed by sequencing of family trios and by direct typing of candidate loci in an additional 15,000 samples. We identify five replicable associations with genome-wide levels of evidence including a newly implicated variant on chromosome 6. Jointly, these variants account for around one-tenth of the heritability of severe malaria, which we estimate as -23% using genome-wide genotypes. We interrogate available functional data and discover an erythroid-specific transcription start site underlying the known association in ATP2B4, but are unable to identify a likely causal mechanism at the chromosome 6 locus. Previously reported HLA associations do not replicate in these samples. This large dataset will provide a foundation for further research on thegenetic determinants of malaria resistance in diverse populations.