Browsing by Subject "Biomarkers, Tumor"

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  • Saukkonen, K.; Hagström, J.; Mustonen, H.; Lehtinen, Laura; Carpen, O.; Andersson, L.C.; Seppänen, H.; Haglund, C. (2018)
    Expression of regenerating islet-derived protein 4 (REG4), a secretory protein involved in cell differentiation and proliferation, is upregulated in inflammatory bowel diseases and in many gastrointestinal malignancies. The prognostic significance of its expression in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma is unknown. Our aim was to investigate tumor tissue and serum REG4 expression in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma patients. We also evaluated as a control the diagnostic value of serum REG4 level in patients with chronic pancreatitis. Immunohistochemical expression of REG4 was evaluated in 154 surgical specimens and serum REG4 level in 130 samples from pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma patients treated at Helsinki University Hospital, Finland, in 2000–2011. REG4 tissue and serum expression was assessed in relation to clinicopathological parameters and patient survival. A chronic pancreatitis control group comprised 34 patients who underwent pancreatic resection because of suspicion of malignancy. Significant survival differences were detectable in subgroups: in tumor stages IA–IIA, high serum REG4 level predicted worse survival (p=0.046). In patients with grade I tumor, positive tissue REG4 expression predicted better survival (p=0.006). In multivariate analysis, neither tissue nor serum REG4 expression was independent prognostic factors. Serum REG4 levels were higher in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma than in chronic pancreatitis (p=0.002), with diagnostic sensitivity of 45% and specificity of 91%. In logistic regression analysis, a multivariate model with REG4, CA19-9, and age provided sensitivity of 82% and specificity of 79%. REG4 tissue expression is a prognostic marker in subgroups of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma patients. Serum REG4 level might be useful in differential diagnosis between pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma and chronic pancreatitis. © 2018, © The Author(s) 2018.
  • Laitinen, A.; Hagström, J.; Mustonen, H.; Kokkola, A.; Tervahartiala, T.; Sorsa, T.; Böckelman, C.; Haglund, C. (2018)
    Despite gastric cancer being rare nowadays in Western countries, it remains one of the leading causes of cancer death worldwide. The course of the disease varies, so the individual gastric cancer patient’s prognosis is difficult to determine. The need for new biomarkers is crucial. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prognostic value of serum matrix metalloproteinase-8, serum tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1, and tissue matrix metalloproteinase-8 in patients with gastric cancer. Preoperative serum samples from 233 patients with gastric cancer were retrospectively analyzed. Serum levels of matrix metalloproteinase-8 were analyzed with immunofluorometric assay, and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 levels were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. We also determined the tissue expression of matrix metalloproteinase-8 in 276 gastric cancer samples by immunohistochemistry. Survival data and death causes came from patient records, the Population Register Center of Finland, and Statistics Finland. Patients with a low (131 ng/mL) serum matrix metalloproteinase-8 level had a considerably unfavorable prognosis (p = 0.002). Those patients with a high (≥170 ng/mL) serum tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 level also had a poor prognosis (p <0.001), and the latter remained significant in multivariable analysis (hazard ratio = 1.85; 95% confidence interval: 1.26–2.72; p = 0.002). The molar ratio of serum matrix metalloproteinase-8 and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 levels with low (0.30) molar ratios predicted a worse prognosis (p = 0.020). Tissue matrix metalloproteinase-8 did not influence prognosis. These results suggest that serum matrix metalloproteinase-8, tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1, and the ratio of matrix metalloproteinase-8/ tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 may prove useful biomarkers for prediction of prognosis in patients with gastric cancer. © The Author(s) 2018.
  • Vahtola, Erik; Mustonen, Mika (2019)