Browsing by Subject "Bypass"

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  • Nurminen, Ville; Kivipelto, Leena; Kivisaari, Riku; Niemelä, Mika; Lehecka, Martin (2019)
    OBJECTIVE: Bypass surgery is a special technique used to treat complex internal carotid artery (ICA) aneurysms. The aim of this retrospective study is to provide a comprehensive description of treatment and outcome of complex ICA aneurysms at different ICA segments (cavernous, supraclinoid, ICA bifurcation) treated with bypass procedures. METHODS: We identified 39 consecutive patients with 41 complex ICA aneurysms that were treated with 44 bypass procedures between 1998 and 2016. We divided the aneurysms into 3 anatomic subgroups to review our treatment strategy. All the imaging studies and medical records were reviewed for relevant information. RESULTS: The aneurysm occlusion (n = 34, 83%) or flow modification (n = 5, 12%) was achieved in 39 aneurysms (95%). The long-term bypass patency rate was 68% (n = 30). Minor postoperative ischemia or hemorrhage was commonly seen (n = 20, 51%), but large-scale strokes were rare (n = 1, 3%). Preoperative dysfunction of extraocular muscles (cranial nerves III, IV, and VI) showed low-to-moderate improvement rates (20%-50%). Preoperative vision disturbance (cranial nerve II) improved seldom (22%). At the latest follow-up (mean; 51 months) 29 patients (74%) were independent (modified Rankin Scale CONCLUSIONS: Bypass surgery for complex ICA aneurysms is a feasible treatment method with an acceptable risk profile. Patients should be informed of the uncertainty related to improvement of pretreatment cranial nerve dysfunctions.
  • Hafez, Ahmad; Haeren, Roel H. L.; Dillmann, Johannes; Laakso, Aki; Niemelä, Mika; Lehecka, Martin (2021)
    BACKGROUND: The use of a digital three-dimensional (3D) exoscope system in neurosurgery is increasing as an alternative to the operative microscope. The objective of this study was to compare a digital 3D exoscope system with a standard operating microscope as a neurosurgical visualization tool in a highly challenging experimental setting. METHODS: End-to-side bypass procedures, each at a depth of 9 cm, were performed in a simulation setting. The quality of the task and the depth effect, visualization, magnification, illumination, and ergonomics were evaluated. RESULTS: No major differences were noted between the microscope and the 3D exoscope in terms of the quality of the work. Working with the 3D exoscope was more time-consuming than working with the microscope. Changing the depth and focus was faster using the operative microscope. The 3D exoscope enabled higher magnification and offered better ergonomic features. CONCLUSIONS: In a highly challenging experimental setting, comparable procedural quality was found for the microscope and the 3D exoscope. Each visualization tool had advantages and disadvantages. Over time and with technologic advances, the digital 3D exoscope may become the main operative visualization system in microneurosurgery.
  • Santos, Juan Serna; Laukontaus, Sani; Laine, Matti; Pellicer, Pablo Valledor; Sonetto, Alessia; Venermo, Maarit; Aho, Pekka (2023)
    Background: Total occlusion of the iliac-femoral tract can cause a variety of life-limiting symp-toms ranging from mild claudication to chronic limb-threatening ischemia. Efforts should be made to revascularize the symptomatic ischemic limb. Currently there are different options in the vascular surgeon's armamentarium to achieve this. The aim of the study was to verify the feasibility and outcomes of inflow hybrid revascularizations combining femoral endarterectomy and recanalization of iliac atherosclerotic occlusion. Methods: A retrospective review was conducted of all hybrid revascularizations involving femoral endarterectomy and endovascular treatment of iliac occlusion. The operations were per-formed in Helsinki University Hospital between January 2013 and December 2018. First, infor-mation about patients' baseline characteristics, indications and details of surgery and technical/ hemodynamic success, and complications and mortality were obtained from the vascular regis-try and patients records. Secondarily, a prospective assessment of mid-term patency was per-formed through follow-up in November 2019. Immediate technical success, 30-day mortality, complications, and patency were considered major outcomes. Hemodynamic improvement, amputation rate, and overall mortality were also assessed.Results: One hundred sixty three iliofemoral occlusions were performed on 147 patients during the period studied. Six patients (3.6%) had infrarenal aortic occlusion, 86 (52.7%) had common iliac, and 128 (78.5%) had external iliac artery occlusion. Technical success rate was 88.3% (n = 144 occlusions recanalized). Primary technical success was somewhat lower in lesions > 90 mm (87.1%) compared to lesions shorter than 90 mm (95.7%; c2 P = 0.06). Iliac stent was deployed in 141 (94.6%) cases, 51 (34.3%) of which were covered stents. Significant resid-ual stenosis remained in 1.2% of cases. Median operative time was 4 hr 34 min (interquartile range 2 hr 43 min) and median estimated blood loss was 743 mL (interquartile range 500 mL). Five patients (3.0%) developed a deep groin infection and 12 (8.1%) suffered any ma-jor cardiovascular event or stroke perioperatively. Primary patency at 30 day, 6 months, 1 year, and 2 years was 98.7%, 98.1%, 96.6%, and 93.7%, respectively. Hemodynamic success was documented in 107 patients (73%). By the end of the follow-up, 7 iliofemoral tracts (11.1%) reoc-cluded, 2 limbs (1.2%) required amputation, and 50 patients (3.0%) died. Conclusions: Good immediate success rate and mid-term patency can be achieved by hybrid revascularization of iliofemoral occlusions. Careful patient selection is mandatory because this pop-ulation often suffers from universal atherosclerosis. The involvement of the aorta represents a sig-nificant determinant of worse long-term patency, although it did not preclude technical success.
  • Muhammad, Sajjad; Lehecka, Martin; Huhtakangas, Justiina; Jahromi, Behnam Rezai; Niemelä, Mika; Hafez, Ahmad (2019)
    BackgroundNeurosurgeons are vulnerable to additional noise in their natural operating environment. Noise exposure is associated with reduced cognitive function, inability to concentrate, and nervousness. Mediation music provides an opportunity to create a calmer environment which may reduce stress during surgery.MethodsA pilot study was performed to find a suitable task, meditation music of surgeon's choice, and operation noise and to reach a certain level of training. For the main experiment, two neurosurgeons with different microsurgical experience used real operation noise and meditation music with delta waves as mediating music. Each surgeon performed 10 training bypasses (five with noise and five with music) with 16 stitches in each bypass. The total time to complete 16 stitches, a number of unachieved movements (N.U.Ms), length of thread consumed, and distribution of the stitches were quantified from the recorded videos and compared in both groups.ResultsA N.U.Ms were significantly reduced from 10938 with operation room (OR) noise to 38 +/- 13 (p
  • Choque-Velasquez, Joham; Colasanti, Roberto; Kozyrev, Danil A.; Hernesniemi, Juha; Kawashima, Akitsugu (2017)
    BACKGROUND: Pediatric moyamoya cases may be very arduous, even more so in a developing country, where access to specialized centers may be prevented by different factors. CASE DESCRIPTION: Herein we report a challenging case, which was managed in the new Neurosurgical Center of Trujillo, regarding the direct anastomosis between the left superficial temporal artery and a cortical branch of the left middle cerebral artery in a 8-year-old Peruvian boy with moyamoya disease. Postoperatively, the patient's motor deficits and aphasia improved. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first performance of a direct revascularization for a pediatric moyamoya case in Peru. CONCLUSIONS: The creation of highly specialized neurosurgical centers in the main strategic places of developing countries may allow optimal treatment of neurosurgical patients with complex diseases.
  • Hafez, Ahmad; Huhtakangas, Justiina; Muhammad, Sajjad; Lawton, Michael T.; Tanikawa, Rokuya; Niemelä, Mika (2019)
    BACKGROUND: Several factors associated with interrupted and continuous suturing techniques affect the quality of bypass anastomosis. It is difficult to determine the impact of these factors during surgery. The primary objective of this study was to evaluate factors with the potential to influence the quality of bypass anastomosis using either interrupted or continuous suturing. A secondary objective was to evaluate the usefulness of a practical scale when comparing interrupted and continuous suturing techniques to improve bypass anastomosis. METHODS: Interrupted (n = 100) and continuous (n = 100) suturing techniques were used in 200 end-to-side bypasses to a depth of 3 cm and were assessed by 5 neurosurgeons. RESULTS: Vessel closing time (P <0.001), stitch distribution (P <0.001), intima-intima attachment (P <0.001), and size of the orifice (P <0.001) had a significant impact on the quality of the bypass regardless of the suturing technique used. The suturing technique used (interrupted or continuous) and positioning of the recipient vessel (vertical or horizontal) did not significantly influence the quality of anastomosis. Using multivariate analysis, the highest statistical significance with regard to bypass quality was attributed to the large size of the orifice and intimal attachment. CONCLUSIONS: There were advantages and disadvantages to both suturing techniques. The scale was a practical way to measure and improve performance.